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The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies

Prezi for Mrs. Demooy's class.
by

Megan Harris

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies

The New England Colonies Who? Puritans and Pilgrims settled in the New England Colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. The Puritans came to America seeking religious freedom and new settlements and to escape the religious persecution they were facing in England. Why? In the New England Colonies, summers were warm and winters were long and cold. Climate The colonies in New England had sandy coasts with accessible ports, forested hills, and flat woodlands. The soil was thin and rocky which was bad for farming. Geography Lumbering, trading, shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling were all common occupations in the New England Colonies. Economy/Jobs Available Slavery was allowed in the New England Colonies. However, very few people had slaves. The soil made it difficult to grow crops, so most colonists had small independent farms they could care for on their own. The colonists grew only enough food to feed their families and didn't have enough to feed a slave. Slavery The New England Colonies were self-governed. The government was highly influenced by religion. Government The Middle Colonies Who? Like the colonists in New England, the settlers in the Middle Colonies were seeking religious freedom and new lives. They also wanted to start a settlement where everyone would be treated equally. Why? In the Middle Colonies, winters were cold and snowy while summers were hot and humid. Climate The four Middle Colonies had rich soil that was great for farming. New York and Pennsylvania had valleys and wooded mountains. Geography Economy/Jobs Available There were many different occupations available to the settlers in the Middle Colonies. Some of these were fur trapping, lumbering, shipping, slave trading, farming, and iron mining. The economy was mostly based on farming, since the soil was fertile in this region. The Middle Colonies were nick-named the "bread basket," because many different types of grains such as oats, wheat, and barley were grown there. The Middle Colonies were self-governed. New York had a British-appointed governor and council that alternated with an assembly elected by the citizens. Government Similar to the New England Colonies, slavery was not common. Colonists in the Middle Colonies believed that everyone should be treated the same way and pressured other colonists not to own slaves. Slavery The Southern Colonies Catholics, Protestants, English landowners, and skilled laborers settled in the Southern Colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Who? The colonists were seeking religious freedom, political freedom, and profit. Why? The winters in the Southern Colonies were cold and rainy, while the summers were hot and humid. Climate There were low and fertile wetlands, wooded mountains, and red clay plains in the Southern Colonies. Geography Economy/Jobs Available The economy in the Southern Colonies was based on cash crops. Some common occupations were farming, ranching, lumbering, shipping, fishing, trading,and iron mining. The Southern Colonies were self-governing. Virginia had an elected assembly called the House Of Burgesses. Government The colonists in the Southern Colonies owned slaves and indentured servants. The climate was perfect for growing cash crops, therefore, many people owned large tobacco plantations. The farmers needed help caring for the crops and bought slaves to work in the fields. Slavery The four Middle Colonies were New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. English Quakers originally settled in the Middle Colonies. People from France, Holland, Germany, Sweden, Finland, Scotland, and Ireland soon joined the Quakers.
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