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Japanese Culture and Health Practices

My first Prezi is for a group project on culture for my Fundamentals of Nursing class

Bryana Hedgepeth

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Japanese Culture and Health Practices

From Florida... To Japan Culture It's everywhere Over 128 million people live in Japan Their percentage of the population age 65 and over is the highest in the WORLD! Japan also has the highest life expectancy in the world You can imagine how this effects their health But what does all that have to do with A patients daily CULTURE and lifestyle effects their health care practices and as nurses it is important for us to understand how their culture may impact how we care for them. Respect is a very important aspect of how the japanese interact and the relationships they have, both professional and personal. There are several environmental and genetic factors that effect the over all health of the japanese that you, as a nurse need to be aware of. Rice is the staple item of the Japanese diet. There are several other japanese practices that effect health The japanese people do not like to maintain eye contact for very long They also view punctuality as a sign of respect. If you say you will be back by a certain time, be sure to stick to your word . Education is highly valued in Japan and it has an almost zero percent illiteracy rate. English is taught as part of their high school curriculum. When you meet them offer to shake their hand and speak to them formally by using their last name. They do not like to say "no" or admit that they do not understand something as they consider both of those things to be shameful, they have a "save-face" mentality. The japanese also do not like to express "negative" emotions such as fear, anger, or pain. It is important to understand the family dynamics and the interpersonal relationships within the unit. In the end... we are all part of the same world, and we all go through... this cRaZy thing called life. The End From an early age the japanese are taught that the group is more important then the individual. This is especially evident in families. The mother is the dominant figure of the household. It is common for them to sleep with their youngest child until they are 10 years old. They do not let their babies cry and they maintain a very special relationship with their sons. Corporal punishment is common practice in Japan so it is important to outline U.S. child abuse laws. Teens and college students do not place much emphasis on dating. In Japan many people sleep on traditional straw mats called "tatami" and they are filled with dust mites that cause asthma, one of Japans few endemic diseases. When administering various drugs be vigilant, dosages may have to be varied to due the japanese metabolism breaking them down faster. Drug reactions may be heightened or dulled depending on which ones are given. Some of the risk factors to look for in the japanese population is increased smoking and alcohol consumption due to traditional festivals and rituals. Japanese parents tend to reward their child's academic achievements with sweets, try to encourage them to choose other methods for rewarding them. Remind parents of various environmental dangers and encourage them to have their children wear helmets and use seat belts. Let us tell you... Rice has a symbolic meaning in the Shinto religion similar to that of the "bread of life" concept in Christianity. Traditional morning, noon, and evening meals are very different from the western diet. Daily intake of sweets is often high. Green tea is a popular beverage and is high in vitamin C. Encourage a diet rich in Iron and Calcium. Recently the "western" diet has become more popular. Mental illness and handicaps are considered taboo and it is common to have an abortion if the health of the fetus is in question. During pregnancy the mother avoids loud noises as it is considered bad luck. Be sensitive when talking about end of life care, older adults are highly respected. The eldest son is responsible for care. Be sure to go over advanced directives, and organ donation information to ensure understanding. The japanese do not like to talk about death, emotion is shown by physical presence. Notify family of worsening conditions as they will likely wish to be at the bedside. The traditional religion of the japanese people is the Shinto faith. Buddhism is also widely practiced. Only about 1% of the population are catholic or protestant. Many people use a healer called a "Kampo". Many japanese believe in balance; yin and yang. They believe in the balance of the elements of earth, wood, fire, water, and metal. Acupuncture is also commonly practiced. The japanese believe "Ki" is their life force and energy and that acupuncture helps unobstruct it's flow through the body leading to good health. Ask patient if he removes his shoes when he enters his home. The japanese hold physicians and nurses in high regard and follow instructions very well. They will not question you but make sure to allow ample time for dialogue. The japanese word for pain is "itami" and it is considered shameful to show or express. They may refuse pain medication as to avoid addiction which is also considered shameful. The sclera is the best location to view changes in color.
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