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Transcript of Polish Nationalism
Polands official language is polish and it has the language of Kashubian as a minority langage
Poland's culture is closely associated with its intricate history and developed as a result of its geographical location in Europe
Poland is located in Europe and shares borders with: Germany, Czech republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Latvia
91% of Poles are Catholic
Christmas is a very important holiday in Poland. Families decorate there homes in preparation for this holiday with Christmas trees and traditional ornaments. Families go to church were they sing traditional polish christmas carols such as the popular "god is being born" . After church families gather to feast on food such as a variety of fish dishes since red meat is prohibited on this day.
Easter is another major religious holiday in Poland and traditions last more than a week. It starts on palm Sunday the week before Easter Sunday. On easter Saturday food is brought to the church to be blessed. Easter Sunday is when the majority of celebration takes place. After church service families feast on this food consisting of food used to represent religious symbolism such as lamb cake to represent Jesus, and hard cooked eggs studded with a clove to represent the nail in the cross
"body of christ"
Fire in the Steppe: Henryk Sienkiewicz, 1992
this national religous holiday takes place 60 days after Easter. Processions are held and flower petals are scattered on the street to welcome jesus
The Doll: Boleslaw Prus, 1996
Gesta principum Polonorum: oldest surviving book in polish history, no original manuscripts still survive
The Adventures of Mr. Nicholas Wisdom: The first novel written in the polish language and a very impotant piece in polish literature
Poland has full religious freedoms allowing minority religions to practice freely
The reason for the dominance of Roman Catholicism is due the holocause wiping out the jewish population and the flight of the protestants from the soviets at the end of WWII
“After every war / someone has to tidy up.” Wislawa Szymborska
"There is more and more people in the world, but less and less humanity...."
“Freedom consists not in doing what we like, but in having the right to do what we ought.”
Pope john paul ii
Religious sites and relics
Podhale: closely related to that found in the Carpathian mountains of Ukraine, Slovakia, Moravia in Czech Republic and Transsylvania
Basilica in Lichen Stary- Largest church in poland was built between 1994 and 2004. The foundation of the church dates back to 1813 when a polish soilder fighting for napoleon was wounded. According to legend lady lichen comforted the soilder and gave him full recovery.
"W stronę słońca"
- Polish folk music
- Polish hip hop
- Polish jazz
Shrine to lady Częstochowa- Is the third largest pilgrimage site in the world. It is home to the beloved icon of Jasna Gora. Tradition says that Luke the evangalest painted this on a tabletop built by jesus himself. Pilbrims from all over the world come to see this site and many popes have made the journey themselves
Poland is divided into 5 different topographic zones from north to south
Poland stretches 876km north to south and 689km east to west
This is the largest zone of the five. It is mainly flat plainland being narrow in the west then expends to the north and south. This area is cut buy many rivers and streams including the Oder.
To the south is the lesser Poland uplands formed by gentle sloping foothils. This region is divided into transversely higher and lower elevations
This area is located on either side of the southern border and is formed by the carpathian and sudetan mountain ranges. This region contains the highest mountains in the country. Including Mt.Rysy
To the north is a region largely made up of lakes and forests. Including the only primeval forest left in central Europe. Wide river valleys like the Warta or Notec divide the lake region into three parts
St. Adalbert church- Is the oldest remaing church in Poland with over 1000 years of history. Is the root of Catholicism in the country being founded by St. Adalbert when he was tasked with.
This is one of the last and largest parts of the once massive primeval forest that stretched across Europe. This forest is home to over 800 european land bison. This is a designated UNESCO world heritage site
Location in the world
The baltic coastal plains are the low lying regions formed by the sediment from the sea
Poland's climate can be defined as warm summers and relatively cold winters. This is influenced by the southern warm aid and the cold western air currents. The anual rainfall is 500-700mm per year
Comparative area: slightly smaller than New Mexico
Elevation Extremes: 2499m
lowest point: Raczki Elbląskie
Highest point: Mt. Rysy
Resources and Land use
Natural resources: coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, iron, zinc, lead, salt, arable land
Land Use: Arable land=47%
Forests and woodlands 29%
Natural Hazards: Occasional flooding
Air pollution is an issue because of sulfur dioxide emissions from the coal plants
Poland of the Middle Ages
The Formation of Poland Started with the Slavic people migrating west to the land of the Germanic tribes whom left for safer western lands. This Migration was largely due to the barbarian invasion of the Huns and other tribes from the east.
The Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth Period
The Polish-Lithuanian Common Wealth
The Piast Dynasty
A unified body of Poland was formed during the 10th century under the Piast Dynasty. The Piast Dynasty was the first form of Poland as a state
The Polish-Lithuanian was one of the largest most populous countries in Europe dating from 1569-1795. It embodied modern Poland, Ukraine, Parts Of Russia and a variety of other eastern European Countries and was an Elected Monarchy.
The Union Of Lublin
Was the treaty signed on July 1, 1569 that bound Poland and Lithuania to a single state. The parties Involved were the Crown of the kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Being in a personal Union on on good terms due to previous event this transition to a single state was smooth
Mieszko 1 of Poland
Mieszko the first was the first King of Poland, famed for untied the Slavs into a polish nation as well as bring Christianity to Poland
Arrival Of Christianity
Christianity arrived in Poland when the Piast Dynasty First came to power. This was caused when Mieszko I married a christian Bohemian princess as well as strong ties between the young Nation of Poland and the Holy Roman Empire. A national church was formed and Christianity was spread throughout the Piast Dynasty bring a sense of Nationalism and wholeness the the young state
When Miezko died his eldest son Boleslaw became monarch. Under Boleslaw poland under went campaigns to expand there borders to the East and the South. His conquests were mostly successful fighting wars with the Lusatian tribes
Dark Pink-Area before Boleslaw
Regions gained by Boloslaw
The Jagiellonian Dynasty
The Jagiellonian Dynasty was the successor to the Piast Dynasty. This dynasty was started when Jogaila, the Duke of Poland married the Queen of Poland making him king. This marriage started a strong cooperative relationship between Lithuania and Poland. This relationship was strengthened when a personal Union was signed between Poland and Lithuania making Jogaila the King of Poland and Lithuania as well as Bohemia and Hungary.
Polands economy is very strong and the 6th largest in the E.U
Poland's economy is reported as one of the fastest growing in Europe and the only EU member to avoid a decline in GDP
The Jagiellonian Realm
Poland is part of: The E.U. , WTO and OECD
The polish banking system is the largest in central and eastern Europe.
This system is the most highly developed part of the country's finances
Poland's main industries are: machine building, iron and steel, mining coal, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing
In July a new idea was proposed regarding the standards for new cars
This is concerning to Poland because they have a rapidly growing number of cars and a growing thirst for oil.
If this proposal goes through Poland will need to make drastic changes in these areas at a big cost to their economy
Motto: "United in Diversity"
28 member states
The EU establishes a single market for all of its members, which also contains the eurozone
Legally binds many countries to the Euro
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Created in order to stimulate economic progress and increase world trade
34 member countries
World Trade Organization
Intended to supervise and liberalize international trade
159 member states
Mainly deals with managing international trade
Polish foods include things like: Kielbasa and Pirogi's they also make something called Kołacz which is a kind of wedding bread
Polish architecture reflects the whole different spectrum of European styles due to its history
Sukiennice (cloth-hall), with medieval Kraków ratusz (city-hall) tower at right
Polish art is known for reflecting European trends all the while keeping its own style.
Ideas like realism and paintings that capture significant events are common
Traditional music in Poland is Folk music. this style had been developed since the 16th century
Now one of the most popular genres is Heavy Metal with polish groups touring all over the world
Since Christianity arrived and they gained more access to the western world polish literature made significant production in latin
Three poets became known as "The Three Bards" who became spiritual leaders in a time of when Poland was not sovereign and they prophesied Poland's revival
A polish nobleman part of the great trio known as "the three bards"
Another member of the famous trio, Slowacki is known as the father of modern polish drama
The most famous of the trio, widely regarded as Poland's greatest poet, as well as one of the best european poets all time
As a student he was exiled to Russia for belonging to a pro- polish independence group
Mickiewicz has monuments dedicated to him in: Warsaw, Krakow, Vilnius and even Ukraine
Mickiewicz has had works works written about him or dedicated to him by many authors in Poland
Poland has 14 current UNESCO world heritage sights within it's borders
Krakow Old Town
Oldtown is the historical center of Krakow and is one of Poland's most famous districts
It contains many cultural pieces of architecture like: Churches and sculptures
Oldtown contains 10 different christian churches
St. Florian church
Oldtown contains a plethora of bronze and marble monuments. They honor the likes of Nicolaus Copernicus, Józef Dietl and Adam Mickiewicz
Statue of Nicolaus Copernicus
Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz was a Nazi concentration camp that held and exterminated prisoners during WW2
Warsaw Old Town
It is the oldest historic place of the capital city and is one of the most prominent tourist attractions in the city. It houses three christian churches, old defensive buildings as well as iconic streets and squares
St. John's Cathedral
St. Martin's Church
Malbork castle was built in the 13th century in order to act as a defensive building. It is one of two Heritage sites with origins in the Teutonic Order. The other is the "Medieval Town of Toruń
Largest brick building in Europe
Medieval Town of Toruń
This small town is valued because it is a small historic center that is in remarkable preservation. It also offers a very good insight into the medieval way of life
This is a historic building in Wroclaw that was built during the time when the city was part of the German empire
Old City of Zamość
It is the oldest historic distric in the city of Zamosc and its value lies in that is an excellent example of a renaissance planned town and it blends different architectural traditions
Polish mythology is made up of beliefs and myths from ancient Poland as well as aspects of Paganism and Witchcraft
The Polish Pantheon is made of 10 Slavic supernatural beings
Poland participates and competes in almost all sports especially football which is the national sport. They also have very high level winter sports like ski-jumping and Nordic skiing
Declination by War
The Commonwealth was involved in many wars in from the mid 1600's to the mid 1700's. Starting by the Ukrainians rising up for there independence from the commonwealth.
Wars with Russia raged on for control of Ukraine and later Sweden Invaded the Northern Regions of the Commonwealth as well as the Ottomans from the South. This constant state of war weakened the Commonwealth to the brink of extinction
Loss of independence
With the common wealth weak and considerable in fighting occurring, the foreign powers of Prussia and Russia seized control of Poland and the commonwealth ceased to exist. Poland became part of the Russian state.
After WWI Poland was made an independent state at the Treaty of Versailles.
World War II
The Invasion of Poland
On September 1 1939 Nazi Germany invaded Poland sparking WWII, later on September 17 the USSR invaded Poland from the East . This conflict resulted in Germany and Russia dividing Poland for themselves
During the german occupation Many poles were put into Ghettos and treated cruelly by the Nazis. 1.5 million Poles were sent to Germany to preform slave labour. Hitler took action to assimilate the Polish cultural. Polish art literature and buildings were destroyed in this effort.
The majority of the German Concentration camps were located in Poland including Auschwitz. At these camps the Nazi's exterminated 3 million Polish Jews were killed in this camps and a total of 8.8 million jews were killed in the holocaust.
The Polish Underground
With all of Hitlers attempts to stop any form of resistance there was a underground movement of over 300 groups Polish nationalists this was the largest underground movement in Europe. The main group in this underground was the Home Army a group loyal to the Polish government that was exiled to London after occupation.
The Warsaw Uprising
With WWII close to its conclusion and the USSR marching west and into Poland, the Home Army staged a large scale uprising against the Nazis. This attack was timed with the soviet invasion in Poland in an attempt to push the Nazis out of the city however this attempt was foiled when the soviet were pushed away from Warsaw and the resistance crushed.
After WWII Poland was absorbed into the USSR as a Soviet State. Poland held free elections which were rigged to make Poland take communist leadership. Poland became the Peoples Republic of Poland founded in 1952.
Stanislaw Mikolajczks tried to outvote the communists but was forced to flee west after rigged elections
Fall of Communism
Poor economic conditions in Poland led to widespread political unrest throughout the country. Mass protests took place and in 1989's Polish legislative election brought an end to communism in Poland.
The Polish Democracy
Poland is a parliamentary representative democratic republic. It has a Prime minister who is head of government and a President who is head of state. Poland has a much party system where whoever controls the most seats is the head of government. The president is appointed by popular vote
The Prime minister
The prime minister is the most powerful member of government. He/She is head of government and of cabinet
Donald Tusk- Current PM of Poland and leader of the Civic Platform party
The President is largely a symbolic role have few powers in government. The president acts as a spokesperson for Poland. And deals with foreign affairs. Elections are held for a new president every 5 years
The United Nations
Poland's International goals
2013 Independence day riots
How religion Shapes nationalism
Since almost the entirety of the polish population is catholic, poles share a common set of beliefs that unites them in a stronger sense of wholeness as a country
This event sparked national pride throughout the commonwealth. Poles felt as if they had a firm place in the world. The Treaty of Lublin created one of the most powerful nations in all of Europe and Poles were proud to be a part of it.
This invasion had an overall negative impact on Nationalism in Poland. The polish people felt they had no place. There sense of a nation was being destroyed by the germans and they could do nothing about it but be subjects to cruelty.
The Warsaw uprising proved that the Polish people would fight for there sovereignty. The sense of Nationalism among poles is what caused them to fight for the ruins of there country.
With the fall of communism and the rise of a democracy, the Poles had a country that was finally for the people and by the people. Nationalism was felt throughout the country in celebration of Poland's acheivement
How Geography Shapes Nationalism
Poles all share the same a beautiful country taking pride in the beauty of the land and understanding that they live within the same borders so they are part of the same community.
How History Shapes Nationalism
Poland has been in many struggles in there past and haven't always even been a sovereign state this has lead to a great sense of nationalism within the country from all these struggles they have been through. By looking at the history Poles can be proud of were there country has come from and what it took to get to where they are now.
The Polish people came about after the Slavs migrated from the East to the safer regions. Most Poles roots come from these people
Poland participated at the 2010 winter games in Vancouver. This was Poland best ever performance at an olympic games.
As a result of this games Poland's national pride grew because they all were supporting the same national teams and athletes that were there to represent them at an international event. Poles were very proud of there performance
Events like these untie poles into celebration for there country and demonstrate the nationalism that runs in the blood of Poland.
nationalism however can have negative impacts as demonstrated when the love for country can turn into hate against others. While most of independence day was peaceful some ultra nationalists carried out acts of violence as a result of nationalism. These are the cons of Nationalism.
An example of a negative would be how they attacked the Russian embassy. This was because of the past history of Russian occupation and the nationalism that the attackers felt led them to hatred
This Political cartoon is depicting the news that the US government is cutting the funding to build missile defense bases in Eastern Europe. The cartoons perspective is to show how Poland is now being handed off to Russia or in other words is at the mercy of Russia
- To establish themselves in the EU as a strong economy
- To gain relations in NATO by offering more support
-Continue to participate in the UN
The European Union
97 percent of people in Poland claim to be Polish nationals
International Defense Industry Exhibition
Poland organized this exhibition for one to increase there role in International relations aswell as to gain a larger role in NATO. The Poles take pride in there armed forces and want to be a bigger part of international affairs.
How economy shapes nationalism
Poland's economy has been strengthening each year. With its success within the EU poles can feel pride in the gaining success of there country's economy that everyone contributes too.
How culture shapes nationalism
Poles share a common culture creating a collective cooperative community taking pride in the nations culture by participating in sports, music, traditions and food. The unique culture of Poland unites Poles together as common people
How Politics Shape Nationalism
Poles take part in open elections and have a role in there country's leadership. Poles have a strong sense of nationalism when looking at international events and take pride in there countries achievements in the world. The Poles past struggles with communism make them never take for granted their current government and take pride in doing so.
How ethnicity shapes Nationalism
With most citizens having the polish ethnicity and polish roots it is easier to cooperate as a nation. Poles feel nationalism because they see themselves as one and the same people with the same origins
How Language Shapes Nationalism
Poles share for the most part a common language creating a stronger individual identity among Poles. Since Polish is a language of there own origins that can feel pride in speaking the native tongue and expressing themselves through this language
Bronislaw Komorowski the current Polish president
Poland is cooperative with most of the world countries. They participate in international events and try to openly participate in solving international issues along with members of the EU the UN and other international organizations. Poland takes pride in being part of the international community
This article talks about how the Polish economy's strong and emerging and how the US should learn from the Polish economic policies. He considers the Polish economic system a role model