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Final Action Assignment

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Judith Eigenbrod

on 12 May 2013

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Transcript of Final Action Assignment

Sockeye Salmon populations in the Fraser River are in decline. Determining the cause of their
decline is problematic largely because "reconceptualization of health is lacking in animal
health regulation and management" (Stephen, 2012, p.1) therefore using the "endpoint of “harm to wild sockeye salmon” is immeasurable in large part because harm is undefined. A health impact risk assessment requires a standard or target against which to judge the level of risk"(Stephen,2012, p.2).
By connecting with a diverse group of sockeye salmon stakeholders through workshops we hope to create an equitable working model of what sockeye salmon health is in the Fraser River Basin.

The stakeholders will be local people
who work and live in British Columbia. They must be included as their well-being and that of the environment is directly linked to the health of the
sockeye salmon. An Ecosystems Approach to Salmon Health in the Fraser River Basin Sustainability TOWARDS
OF SALMON HEALTH: Applying the Principles of EcoHealth Judith Eigenbrod, Alissa MacMullin, Chris Fetterly, Julia Russell, Dennis Asplund First Nations Art Contest: Gathering information visually as a reflection of the common traditional values of these groups

Concept Mapping:Visual method for linking thoughts, ideas and items together, where linkages between items can be drawn in with arrows showing the relationships between them

Interviews and cold-calls: Using a "snowball" approach within industry to identify key design contacts. Consultants are busy, quick calls work wonders in their high-paced environment.

Different methodological approaches will likely evoke different responses from the participants. If there are any approaches which were particularly fruitful we may consider further use of that approach in future project development. This could be beneficial if anyone experienced challenges engaging participants in their individual action. Varying Methods of Engagement for Optimal Stakeholder Visibility Poster created in partial fulfillment of requirements for HHSC440/640 TEAM BACKGROUND:
OUR "EDGES' INFLUENCE OUR APPROACH twitter.com/FRSalmonHealth facebook.com/FRSalmonHealth Integrated Settings Approach GREEN EDGES OF HEALTH Ecologist

Environmental Consultant

Outdoor Enthusiasts

Sustainable agriculture

Environmental Science Education HEALTHY EDGES OF GREEN Public Health Education

Traditional Approaches to Health


Biomedical Health Education Due to the complexity of the issues related to sockeye salmon decline, and concerns that not all stakeholders have had a voice in previous decisions related to salmon farming and aquaculture in British Columbia (Richmond, 2005), we have decided to use an ecosystem approach to health.

An Ecohealth Approach to this issue will allow participation and interactions between the many different interests that are connected to the health and well-being of the sockeye salmon population.

By utilizing the Ecohealth Principles (Charron, 2012), our collective aims to examine the linkages between systems to attempt to successfully develop a model that encapsulates the complex nature of salmon health. TECHNICAL EDGES Industrial Engineering Consultant INTERNATIONAL EDGES Canadian International Development Agency. (2012). CIDA's policy on gender equality. http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/acdi-cida.nsf/eng/EMA-218123616-NN9

Charron, D.F. (2012). Ecosystem approaches to health for a global sustainability agenda. EcoHealth.9,113-126

Charron, D.F. Ed. (2012). Ecohealth research in practice: Innovative applications of an ecosystem approach to health. International Development Research Centre. Springer:New York

Cleland, D., & Wyborn, C. (2010). A Reflective Lens: Applying Critical Systems Thinking and Visual Methods to Ecohealth Research. EcoHealth, 7(4), 414-424

Cohen, B.I. Commissioner. (2012).Chapter 2. The life cycle of the Fraser River sockeye salmon. Cohen Commission of inquiry into the decline of sockeye salmon in the Fraser River. Cohen Commission Final Report. Vol. 1. The sockeye fishery. http://www.cohencommission.ca/en/pdf/FinalReport/CohenCommissionFinalReport_Vol01_02.pdf

David Suzuki Foundation (DSF). (2013). Salmon farming: a grave concern, a great hope. Accessed at: http://www.davidsuzuki.org/issues/oceans/science/sustainable-fisheries-and-aquaculture/salmon-farming---a-grave-concern-a-great-hope/

Naturskyddsföreningen. (2011). "I grumliga vatten" retrieved 4/4/213 from http://www2.naturskyddsforeningen.se/upload/Foreningsdokument/Rapporter/j%C3%A4tter%C3%A4kor/jatterakor_igrumligavatten.pdf

Noakes, D. J., & Beamish, R. J. (2011). Shifting the balance: towards sustainable salmon populations and fisheries of the future. Sustainable Fisheries: Multi-Level Approaches to a Global Problem, 23-50.

Northern Health (2012). Position on the environment as a context for health. Prince George. Northern Heealth.

Orozco, F. & Cole, D.C. (2008). Development of transdisciplinarity among students placed with a sustainability for health research project. EcoHealth. 5(4),491-503.

Pohl, C.(2011). "What is progress in Transdisciplinary Research." Futures 43: 618626.

Richmond, C., Elliott, S.J., Matthews, R., Elliott, B. (2005). The political ecology of health: perceptions of environment, economy, health and well-being among 'Namgis First Nation. Health & Place. 11:349-365.

Stephen C. (accepted 2013). Why the current definition of animal health obstructs harm reduction to fish and wildlife: Insights from the Cohen Commission and the SPSAgreement. Optimum Online. OUR RESPONSE PERSPECTIVES TO INVITE METHODS OF ENGAGEMENT Working towards improved equity means that all groups of people are able to participate in decision making (CIDA, 2012).

We will use a variety of methodological approaches to engage with diverse stakeholders because we recognize that different groups may require different strategies to create equal opportunities (CIDA, 2012). Gender
and Social Equity Engaging stakeholders in the development of a model of salmon health at the outset of workshop inception will lead to higher rates of acceptance of the final outcome as it should reflect stakeholder priorities (Charron, 2012).

We propose to enhance outreach by using online media that can be used for interaction and provide further information to stakeholders. Not only will this be a tool for promoting our event, but it will be another resource for gathering information and engaging the public audience.

Globally, conservation health efforts have proven to be effective when supported by local communities. The anti-scampi campaign in Sweden persuaded people to make "sustainable" and environmentally "fair" choices, in order to protect the surrounding wildlife and nature(Naturskyddsföreningen, 2011). Participation Systems Thinking Knowledge to
Action By bringing together diverse knowledge bases informed by the information gathered through a series of individual scoping actions we will develop a workshop that focuses on topics connected to salmon health which reflect the concerns and priorities of the stakeholders involved.

These workshops will be used to build a model for salmon health that will provide resource managers and policy makers with a more useable end-point which can guide their decision making process.

Through engagement of multiple perspectives, unified by the common goal of creating a salmon health definition, our actions will reflect the use of a trandsiciplinary approach, ensuring both academic and non-academic sectors are included in the process (Pohl,2011). Diverse perspectives will be used to examine this complex issue, where all different forms of knowledge will be recognized and linked to work towards an improved and relevant model of salmon health.

We hope a new definition of salmon health will begin to emerge at our workshop,that is universally accepted by the majority of organizations and the public. Transdisciplinarity We are developing workshops to bring stakeholders together.We will be hosting the workshops at sites along the Fraser River, outdoors in early fall 2013, during the salmon run. In this way, we will help participants make direct connections to the ecosystem by experiencing it firsthand (Charron, 2012 & Northern Health, 2012). We envision this serene setting, will help participants with dissimilar viewpoints to construct new relationships.

We will continue to seek further input for the workshop from stakeholders in both academic and non-academic disciplines through our formulated relationships, with hopes of engaging with more stakeholders we may have missed during our initial action stage.

We want your input. Connect with us online to contribute your ideas, and get your concerns on the agenda!

Sign-up to receive information about the upcoming workshops, or check our blog for updates! NEXT STEPS In order to envision a
sustainable future for the salmon we must first identify our shared priorities (Orozco & Cole, 2008).

What does a "sustainable" fish-farming industry look like? Engaging designers may help elucidate trade-offs that can occur (Noakes & Beamish, 2011) when envisioning the future of salmon farming and its relationship with salmon health.

The development of land based
farms provides an alternative
to the traditional approach
that many see as being more
sustainable (DSF, 2012). WHATS YOUR DEFINITION

FRSALMONHEALTH.blogspot.com International Sport Science Education

International Development Education First Nations
Conservation organizations
Salmon farm designers References Systems thinking can lead to a better
understanding of the limits of the problem,
its scale, and its dynamics.
Each action will collect initial perspectives from a different set of groups that have different places in the ecological, social-cultural, economic and/or government systems the sockeye salmon are located in. Our individual actions will ask stakeholders to think on different timescales (Charron Ed., 2012). These include:

Short term: Season's fish harvest; 4 yr. life cycle of sockeye salmon (Cohen Commission, 2012)
Medium term: Seven human generations
Long term: Climatic change

Workshops will continue to encourage
interaction between different systems
and build on initial perspectives. YOU! Sustainable small scale agriculturalists
Salmon farmers and fisherman
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