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OCR Sociology

What is Sociology?
by

Khera Elliott

on 30 September 2012

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Transcript of OCR Sociology

Brainstorm The Future? How sociologists study the world OCR Sociology Sociology
fits well with... COMTE (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr What will we study? G672: Topics in socialisation, culture and identity
(Youth) G671: Exploring socialisation, culture and identity G673: Power and Control
(Crime and Deviance/ Mass Media) G674: Exploring social inequality and difference AS A2 100 % Exam
Five hrs teacher assisted study per week.
Five hours personal study (homework). What is Sociology? “Sociology may be defined as the study of society; that is of the web of human interactions and relationships”.
Ginsberg (“The Study of Society”, 1939 “The purpose of Sociology is the scientific study
of human society through the investigation
of people’s social behaviour”.
Giner (“Sociology”, 1972) “Sociology is the objective study of human behaviour in so far as it is affected by the fact that people live in groups”.
Sugarman (“Sociology”, 1968) “Sociology is the study of individuals in a social setting that includes groups, organisations, cultures and societies. Sociologists study the interrelationships between individuals, organisations, cultures and societies”
Ritzer (“Sociology”, 1979) “Sociology is the study of individuals in groups in a systematic way, which grew out of the search for understanding associated with the industrial and scientific revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries”.
Lawson and Garrod (“The Complete A-Z Sociology Handbook”, 1996): Sociology is the study
of the social world. It involves studying human beings and their patterns of behaviour. In order to do this, we focus on the way people form relationships and how these relationships, are represented by the concept of a “society”. DURKHEIM MARX So really, the focus of the sociologist’s attention is group behaviour.
That is, the effect that the groups people join or are born into (family, work, education etc) have upon people’s social behaviour. There is some debate about whether the study of people can be "SCIENTIFIC".
Leaving this to one side, perhaps better terms are... This means that sociologists try to create knowledge that is factual, rather than simply based on opinion.

Sociologists try to avoid personal bias intruding into their research. To do this, they use methods that are: OBJECTIVE SYSTEMATIC This means that sociologists try to use methods of research (questionnaires, observations, experiments and so forth) that are governed by certain RULES of evidence. For example, a sociologist will try to test his or her ideas in some way. Can social research ever be free of personal values? Sociology is a good choice of subject for people who want a career in social, youth or community work, nursing or medicine and uniformed careers .
The subject is also useful in a number of other careers, like marketing, advertising. PR, journalism, law or teaching. Research skills and the ability to critically analyse methods and useage of data. Project-planning
& team-working skills Media literacy, presentation
& communication skills Psychology English Ethics Business Entry Requirements A GCSE grade B in GCSE English Language and Religious Education is required for A-Level Sociology.
If GCSE Religious Education has not been studied then a B grade must have been achieved in another Humanities subject. G671 G672 G673 G674 Exploring Socialisation, culture and identity Youth Crime and deviance Exploring social inequality and difference
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