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Transcript of Sochi 2014
XXII Olympic Winter Games
The emblem of the 2014 Winter Olympics was unveiled in December 2009. While more elaborate designs with influence from Khokhloma were considered, organizers chose to use a more minimalistic and "futuristic" design instead, consisting only of typefaces with no drawn elements at all. The lettering was designed so that the "Sochi" and "2014" lettering would mirror each other vertically (particularly on the "hi" and "14" characters), "reflecting" the contrasts of Russia's landscape (such as Sochi itself, a meeting point between the Black Sea and the Western Caucasus).
The Games' official slogan, Hot. Cool. Yours., was unveiled on September 25, 2012, 500 days before the opening ceremony. Presenting the slogan, SOC president Dmitry Chernyshenko explained that it represented the "passion" of the Games' athletes, the climate of Sochi itself, and a sense of inclusion and belonging. The Russian-language version of the slogan uses words that can be translated as "heated" and "wintry".
Logo and branding
The XXII Olympic Winter Games, were a major international multi-sport event held in Sochi, Russia, in the tradition of the Winter Olympic Games. The Games were held from 7–23 February 2014, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014. The events were held around two clusters of new venues: an Olympic Park constructed in Sochi's Imeretinsky Valley on the coast of the Black Sea, with Fisht Olympic Stadium, and the Games' indoor venues located within walking distance, and snow events in the resort settlement of Krasnaya Polyana. While originally budgeted at US$12 billion, various factors caused the budget to expand to over US$51 billion, surpassing the estimated $44 billion cost of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing as the most expensive Olympics in history.
With an average February temperature of 8.3 °C (42.8 °F) and a humid subtropical climate, Sochi is the warmest city to host a Winter Olympic Games. Sochi 2014 is the 12th straight Olympics to outlaw smoking; all Sochi venues, Olympic Park bars and restaurants and public areas are smoke-free during the Games. It is also the first time that an Olympic Park has been built for hosting a winter games.
Fisht Olympic Stadium is an open-air stadium in Sochi, Russia. Located in Sochi Olympic Park and named after Mount Fisht, the 40,000-person-capacity stadium was built primarily for the 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics, serving as the Olympic stadium, the venue for their opening and closing ceremonies.
Designed by Populous and British design consultancy Buro Happold, the stadium's roof was built from approximately 36,500 square metres (393,000 sq ft) of ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) and was designed to give the roof the appearance of snowy peaks. The bowl opens to the north, allowing a direct view of the Krasnaya Polyana Mountains, and the upper deck is open to the south, allowing a view of the Black Sea.
Fisht Olympic Stadium
The Bolshoy Ice Dome is an indoor sports arena located in Sochi, Russia. Opened in 2012, it has a capacity of 12,000 and formed part of the Coastal Cluster of venues for the 2014 Winter Olympics. Its signature feature is its roof, which contains LED lights on its outer shell that illuminate the arena at night. The Ice Dome will be converted into an entertainment centre and concert venue after the Olympics.The arena was named "Bolshoy", meaning "major" or "great" in Russian. This highlights the integral role of ice hockey at the Olympics, which has been dubbed "the most popular sport" of the Games by the organizers themselves.
Bolshoy Ice Dome
The Shayba Arena is a 7,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Adler, southern rayon of Sochi in Russia. "Shayba" is Russian for a hockey puck. The venue will host the ice sledge hockey events during the 2014 Winter Paralympics, and some of the ice hockey events during 2014 Winter Olympics along with Bolshoy Ice Dome. The “Shayba” Arena is a moveable venue, making it possible to be dismantled and transported for post-Games use as an arena in another Russian city. The venue is built with a cost of $27.2 million, including the temporary works for the Olympics and Paralympics. The latest LED scoreboard technology and game presentation system along with statistics and security is being installed by ColosseoEAS from Bratislava, Slovakia.
The Adler Arena Skating Center is an 8,000-seat speed skating oval in the Olympic Park, Sochi, Russia. It opened in 2012 and looks like an iceberg or ice fault. The center will host the speed skating events at the 2014 Winter Olympics. After the Olympics, it will be turned into an exhibition center. It cost $32.8 million to build the venue, including the temporary works for the Olympics. A crystal face theme is supported by angular walls and triangular stained-glass windows. The gray and white color of the building enhances this impression. The walls along the sides of the skating rink are made transparent so that spectators can look outside. The skating center is designed to make the utmost use of local natural features.
Adler Arena Skating Center
Iceberg Skating Palace
The Iceberg Skating Palace is a 12,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia. The venue hosted the figure skating and short track speed skating events at the 2014 Winter Olympics. It cost $43.9 million, including the temporary works for the Olympics. 15,000 tonnes of steel were used. The environment was taken into consideration in its construction. It takes about two hours to adjust the ice when switching from figure skating to short track or vice versa. After the Olympics, the arena may remain for ice skating or be converted into a cycling velodrome.
Ice Cube Curling Center
The Ice Cube Curling Center is a 3,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sochi, Russia, that opened in 2012. It will host all the curling events at the 2014 Winter Olympics and the wheelchair curling events at the 2014 Winter Paralympics. It cost $14.0 million to build the venue, including the temporary works for the Olympics and Paralympics. It opened in 2012. After the 2014 games, it will remain a sports arena. The venue is a portable venue and may be re-located after the end of the games.
In the host city, the Coastal Olympic Village – named ‘Usadba’ by organisers – will accommodate those athletes competing in events. Covering an area of 72 hectares on the shores of the Black Sea in the Imeretinskaya Valley, the Coastal Village consists of 47 buildings and is within walking distance of the Olympic Park venues. It is expected to house up to 2,000 athletes, coaches and officials during the Games. The Mountain Olympic Village, meanwhile, is located on the northern slope of the Aibga Mountain Range and will be home to athletes competing in skiing, bobsleigh, freestyle skiing, luge, Nordic combined, skeleton, ski jumping and snowboarding.
International Broadcast Centre
The torch relay lasted 123 days and measured over 64,000 kilometres (40,000 mi) in length, excluding Earth orbits in space. A total of 14,000 torch carriers took part in the relay. The Olympic flame was taken to the Caucasus' tallest peak — Mount Elbrus, lowered to the bottom of Lake Baikal, and visited the North Pole and the International Space Station.
The opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics took place at the Fisht Olympic Stadium in Sochi, Russia, on 7 February 2014. It began at 20:14 MSK and finished at 23:02 MSK . It was filmed and produced by OBS and Russian host broadcaster VGTRK.This was the first Winter Olympics and first Olympic Games opening ceremony under the IOC presidency of Thomas Bach.The Games were officially opened by President Vladimir Putin. An audience of 40,000 were in attendance at the stadium with an estimated 2,000 performers.
2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony
The ceremony, titled "Dreams of Russia" , opened with an on-screen video showing 11-year-old Liza Temnikova playing a character named Lyubov (Russian for 'love') reciting the Russian alphabet. Each letter is associated with images of a famous Russian person or landmark. Lyubov then flew into the air as she dreamed of grabbing the tail of a kite and being lifted far off the stage. Nine different floats, carrying Russian landscapes, passed beneath her as she slept. Five large snow-flakes descended into the stadium which expanded and joined to form the Olympic rings.
The Sretensky Monastery men's choir sang the Russian National Anthem, while 240 volunteers stood in formation wearing glowing suits of white, red, and blue to represent the Russian flag. The Russian flag bearers were a detachment of cosmonauts — Fyodor Yurchikhin (who returned from space with the torch), Roman Romanenko, Svetlana Savitskaya and Yelena Serova — and the flag was raised by Sergei Krikalev. The volunteers moved up and down to create a waving flag motion.
The Parade of Nations was led, according to custom due to hosting the original ancient Olympics, by the Greek team, followed by other competing countries in alphabetical order based off their names in the Russian language, with the host country, Russia, culminating the march, again in accordance with custom. Athletes were then seated in the lower level of the stadium's stands. The parade was accompanied with a soundtrack by Russian electronic dance music producer Leonid Rudenko, which featured remixes of popular Russian music.
The opening ceremony focused heavily on classical music and large scale productions. Performances journeyed through Russian history through the eyes of a little girl called Lubov ("Love"), played by Liza Temnikova, touching on Russia's art, music, and ballet.The Russian history presentation was ushered in by a brightly-lit troika of three horses followed by a red sun. Performances included the building of St. Basil's Cathedral, represented by colorful inflatable sculptures, and 17th century czar Peter the Great building an army as Russia transitioned from Medieval times to the 20th century. Many performers wore white to symbolise peace. More than 3,000 performers and 2,000 volunteers took part in the show. 10,000 people in all helped organize and execute the ceremonies. 120 projectors and 2.6 million lumens turned the stadium floor into a 3D, moving landscape.
The Olympic flag was brought into the stadium with eight flag bearers: Chulpan Khamatova, Lidiya Skoblikova, Anastasia Popova, Valentina Tereshkova, Viacheslav Fetisov, Valery Gergiev, Alan Enileev and Nikita Mikhalkov. During the flag raising, opera singer Anna Netrebko later sang the Olympic Anthem in Russian. The Olympic Oath on behalf of all athletes was taken by Ruslan Zakharov (Short-track), Vyacheslav Vedenin took the oath for all judges and Anastasia Popkova took the oath for all coaches. For the finale, tennis player Maria Sharapova brought the Olympic Torch (the torch that had gone to the International Space Station in November) into the stadium. She handed it off to pole vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva who, in turn, passed it to wrestler Aleksandr Karelin. Karelin then passed the torch to gymnast Alina Kabaeva. Figure skater Irina Rodnina took the torch and was met by former ice hockey goalkeeper Vladislav Tretiak, handing the torch to him. Tretiak jogged out of the stadium alongside Rodnina. The pair then jointly lit the Olympic cauldron installed at the Sochi Medals Plaza in the Sochi Olympic Park to the music of the "Firebird Suite" by Igor Stravinsky.
Oath and torch lighting
2014 Winter Olympics closing ceremony
The closing ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics was held on 23 February 2014 from 20:14 to 22:25 MSK at the Fisht Olympic Stadium in Sochi, Russia. It was designed to show Russian culture, through a European perspective, and featured performances by Yuri Bashmet, Valery Gergiev, Denis Matsuev, Hibla Gerzmava, and Tatiana Samouil, among others.
The closing program presented "Reflections of Russia"; that is, highlights of Russian culture, presented through a European perspective. It was directed by Daniele Finzi Pasca. Konstantin Ernst served as creative director and Andrei Nasonovskiy was the executive producer.
Throughout the ceremony, sporting highlights of the Games were replayed on the screens of Fisht Stadium. A "forest" of 204 long LED light tubes changed color throughout and the audience was given LED necklaces that also changed colors periodically.
The torch was also passed for the first time in space, though not lit for the duration of the flight for safety reasons, on flight Soyuz TMA-11M to the International Space Station (ISS). The spacecraft itself was adorned with Olympic-themed livery including the Games' emblem. Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kotov and Sergey Ryazansky waved the torch on a spacewalk outside ISS. The torch returned to Earth five days later on board Soyuz TMA-09M.
The Olympic torch reached the North Pole for first time via a nuclear-powered icebreaker (50 Let Pobedy).