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Islam Presentation- Hajj
Transcript of Islam Presentation- Hajj
About 2 million people attend Hajj every year and in 2010, 3 million attended.
Hajj takes place at the last month of the Islamic calender for several days.
All Muslims are required to attend Hajj at least once in their lifetime.
Hajj is not required for children, the sick, and people who cannot bear the expenses. Basic Information on Hajj The 3 types of Hajj Hajj Tamattu is when a pilgrim wears Ihram, which is a white clothing to get in a sacred state, during the Umrah, which is the minor pilgrimage. When a pilgrim reaches Mecca, they perform Sa'yi and Tawaf for Umrah. Then a pilgrim shaves or clips the hair.
Hajj Ifraad is when pilgrims wear Ihram only for Hajj. When pilgrims arrive to Mecca, they perform Tawaf for arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj. The pilgrim does not shave or clip his hair.
Hajj Qiran is when a pilgrim wears Ihram for both Hajj and Umrah. Or a pilgrim could wear Ihram for Umrah first then for Hajj to perorm Tawaf. 1. Ihram
2. Tawaf and Sa'yi
3. Going to Arafat
4. Going to Muzdalifah
5. Proceed to Mina
6. Farewell Tawaf Ihram For the Ihram,a pilgrim needs to bath himself. Then he needs to wear Ihram garments and make intention for Hajj. He also needs to avoid the forbidden acts of Ihram. Tawaf and Sa'yi For Tawaf a pilgrim must walk around the Kaaba, which is a square stone building in Mecca, seven times while glorifying god. For Sa'yi pilgrims must walk between Safa and Marwa, which are two small mountains, 7 times. Going to Arafat Arafat is a hill and a pilgrim must first proceed to it. After, the pilgrim must stay at Arafat until sunset and the pilgrim could stay in any part of Arafat. There, pilgrims glorify god, repeat supplication, or ask for forgiveness. Going to Muzdalifah Pilgrims need to leave for muzdalifah before sunset. Pilgrims also need to observe night prayers and pick up 21 pebbles. They also need to stay overnight and perform Fajr prayer, which is the first of the five daily prayers. Proceed to Mina Pilgrims leave Muzdalifah for Mina in the morning. Then the pilgrim spends at least two days there and on the first mornign of mina, the pilgrim offers an animal sacrifice. Then the pilgrim goes to the three Jamarat stations and throws 7 pebbles at each one while glorifying god. Farewell Tawaf Pilgrims return to Mecca and walk 7 times around the Kaaba. Then Pilgrims cut their hair and the Ihram restrictions are lifted and Hajj is completed. Ihram Kaaba Quote from Qur'an [5:95] O you who believe, do not kill any game during pilgrimage. Anyone who kills any game on purpose, his fine shall be a number of livestock animals that is equivalent to the game animals he killed. The judgment shall be set by two equitable people among you. They shall make sure that the offerings reach the Ka`bah. Otherwise, he may expiate by feeding poor people, or by an equivalent fast to atone for his offense. GOD has pardoned past offenses. But if anyone returns to such an offense, GOD will avenge it. GOD is Almighty, Avenger. Some restrictions during the Hajj Killing or hunting animals or cutting trees.
Anything related to Marriage.
Clipping finger or toe nails. Hajj incidents stampedes
riots Tawaf Safa and Marwa Bibliography "Hajj & Umrah - Step by Step." submission. submission, Web. 8 Dec. 2010. <http://www.submission.org/hajj/steps.html>.
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Scences of Hajj in Mecca. Dir. yeryuzumirascilari. 7 Apr. 2007. youtube. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WCe4bOlBE1k>.
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"Hajj." Wikipedia. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hajj>. By: Philip J 7G