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Plato: 427 BC - 347 BC
Transcript of Plato: 427 BC - 347 BC
Evans, Jules. "How People Use Platonic Philosophy Today." Philosophy for Life. 2013. Web.
Proffitt, Brian. Plato within Your Grasp. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Pub., 2004. Print.
SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Apology.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. Web.
ThinkQuestTeam 18775. "Plato." The Philosopher's Lighthouse. Oracle Foundation, 1998. Web.
Three Minute Philosophy: Plato. Dir. CollegeBinary. Three Minute Philosophy: Plato. YouTube, 05 Aug. 2010. Web. A Vilified Socrates Affluent Family & Upbringing Politics in Athens Athens vs. Sparta Socrates’ Apprentice Plato goes to Italy. The Academy Apology Meno Republic This one's for you, Socrates! objective values. reasoning through dialogue. on bodies . on personality . on knowledge . http://library.thinkquest.org/18775/plato/bodp.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/18775/plato/perp.htm http://library.thinkquest.org/18775/plato/knowp.htm The Theory of the Tripartite Soul The Importance of Education for the Health of the State The Theory of Forms “The unexamined life is not worth living.” This one's for you, Socrates! Our duty as humans is to use our rationality to question ourselves and others in order to live more justly and truthfully. What is virtue? Can it be taught? "Learning is not a matter of discovering something new but rather of recollecting something the soul knew before birth but has since forgotten." Virtue is neither something innate nor can be taught. "Socrates" muses that perhaps it is simply a “gift from the gods” that we receive without understanding. Knowledge vs. True Belief What is Justice? What is most real is what we can grasp by means of the intellect. abstract thought
concrete thought Our knowledge of the visible world is imperfect and changing: true belief.
The abstract principles that govern the intelligible world, however, are perfect and unchanging: knowledge- more than true belief Plato's Ideal Society Rationality Spirtuality Appetite wisdom courage moderation (and justice) The justice of an ideal republic does not reside in any particular part of the republic but rather in the structure of the republic as a whole. Justice is tripartite, and resides in the proper structuring of these parts.