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Transcript of GroupThink Theory
Immune to attack; impregnable. Impossible to damage, injure, or wound. Conclusion Rationalization Morality A. Is it worth the consequences?
B. Deceiving Yourself and others
C. You have to overcome yourself Stereotyping Outsiders Early studies believed that stereotypes were only used by rigid, repressed, and authoritarian people. This idea has been overturned by more recent studies that suggested that stereotypes are commonplace. Now, stereotypes are said to be collective group beliefs, meaning that people who belong to the same social group share the same set of stereotypes. Self-Censorship Fear of Failure
Have to let the ideas flow and listen Pressure on Dissent clip Illusion of Unanimity-
The majority view and judgments are assumed to be unanimous. A. Problem with assumption
B. Outings or plans with friends
C. Doing a project for School Mindguarding clip Speech 1311*Sara Holmes*May 14, 2013 By: Alex Benson, Janella Castillo, Alyssa De La Cruz, Codie Perryman, and Simeon Simeonov SuperThinkersII 8 Symptoms Invulnerability
Pressure on Dissent
Illusion of Unanimity
Self-Censorship Work Cited Tajfel, Henri (1981). "Social stereotypes and social groups". In Turner, John C.; Giles, Howard. Intergroup behaviour. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 144–167. ISBN 978-0-631-11711-7.
Janis, I. L. (1982). Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-31704-5.
Janis, I. (1972) Victims of groupthink, Boston: Houghton-Mifflin
Janis, I. (1982) Groupthink (2nd edn.), Boston: Houghton-Mifflin
Schafer M. and Crichlow S. (1996) Antecedents of groupthink: A quantitative study, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 40, 415-435
HANSEN, LAWRENCE A. "Noxious Groupthink." Chronicle Of Higher Education 57.12 (2010): B6-B8. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 May 2013.
Janis, I. L. (November 1971). "Groupthink". Psychology Today 5 (6): 43–46, 74–76. Pressure on Dissent What is pressure and dissent?
Members are under pressure not to express arguments against any of the group’s views. Mind-guarding What is mind-guarding?
Members protect the group and the leader from information that is
problematic or contradictory to the group’s cohesiveness, view, and/or decisions. Pressure and Dissent can lead to our next problem...... Mindguarding. Stereotyping Outsiders Video 2 Should you or shouldn't you? GroupThink Example "Let's not worry about them-they can't get their act together" His Conclusion Irving Janis constructed a study based around the ideas social communication and behaviors in small groups.
Janis identified GroupThink as ineffective method that groups can conform to.
The study concluded that “maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is regarded more important than considering the facts in a realistic manner.” The Theory GroupThink deteriorates the efforts and effectiveness of the group and its members.
When the group is suffering from GroupThink things become more unanimous leaving no room for any objections or alternatives. Invulnerability The group feels overly confident in decision making and believes as a group they cannot fail. The group takes more chances and higher risks. Rationalization? Members discount warnings and do not reconsider their assumptions. Members believe in the rightness of their cause and therefore ignore the ethical or moral consequences of their decisions. Self-Censorship Doubts and deviations from the perceived group consensus are not expressed. The Theorist Continued... The group fails to explore more possibilities and ideas because everyone has already agreed on the first idea. Members feel as though they cannot express any kind of input because of fear of rejection from other group members Examples Presidential advisory group who almost led JFK into invading Cuba and potential nuclear war in Bay of Pigs affair.
The Challenger disaster was another effect where NASA officials disregarded engineer's concerns and decided to launch the shuttle.
Twelve Angry Men, which is about blind agreement and dissent on a jury.