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ancient world Christianity project

Trevor Rowland

on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of Christianity

Foundations of Early Christianity
Christianity grew out of Second Temple Judaism
They inherited Jewish scripture and Tradition
Like Buddhism, Christianity was started by one man
Christians inherited many key concepts such as monotheism, covenants, and revelation from Judaism
Writers of the new testament reinterpreted these traditions and scripture to bolster the conviction that Jesus Christ of Nazareth was indeed the promised Messiah, or Son of God
The Trinity
The Three-in-One concept, or the Trinity, is a central concept that differentiates Christianity from Buddhism, but is similar to the Hindu deities. The three parts, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit caused lots of controversy during the Early Church.

Currently, Christians make up one third of the world's population.

-37.5% Live in North and South America
-25.7% Live in Europe
-22.5% Live in Africa
-13.1% Live in Asia
-1.2% Live in Oceania
-0.9% Live in the Middle East
Jesus Christ
-Jesus (Christ) of Nazareth was a person of the peasant
class in the Greco-Roman world.
-He was likely born in 4CE or 6CE.
-Christians believe he is the son of God, who established
the new covenant by his blood, inaugurated the new age of eternal life.
-Carries the same weight of Buddha in Buddhism
-Jesus gave right to all humans the right to receive salvation through faith in him.
-Jesus was betrayed by one of his twelve disciples, Judas Iscariot.
-He was tried for being a revolutionary by Pontus Pilate, sentenced to death, and crucified circa 30CE.
Similarities/ Differences in Key Beliefs:
-Christians are monotheistic like some sects of Buddhism and Hinduism.
-Christians believe they go to heaven by believing in Jesus (almost like a gift), unlike the Hindus and Buddhists.
-Prayer is similar to Hinduism and Buddhist meditation
-Stephen in Acts 7 (circa 35 CE)
-First martyr
-Stoned to death
-Present at his stoning was Saul of Tarsus(later Paul)
-Many martyrs later became Saints
"And when day came, he called his disciples and chose from them twelve, whom he named apostles: Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor." Matthew 10:2-4
-Lived 37-68 CE
-Became emperor at 17
-He was crazy and persecuted Christians
-Blamed great fire of Rome (64 CE) on Christians
-Threw Christians in arenas such as the Colosseum where they were killed by wild animals.
The Last Supper (circa 30CE)
-Ends Christian persecution in 313 CE
-Split empire into 2 parts
-Presided over the Council Of Nicaea (325 CE)
-Made Christianity a legal religion
-Was baptized on his deathbed
Gaining Traction
-Christians, unlike early Buddhists
and Hindus were heavily persecuted from the start
-Faced persecution from Rome and others
-Killed by the government (Peter and John the Baptist) or killed by mobs (Stephen)
Christianity began to gain traction after the official endorsement by Constantine. The Roman empire would go from an accepting, religiously diverse empire during the Pax Romana era to a solidly Christian one at the time of the fall of the western Empire. Christianity spread quickly as it was the most missionary oriented religion of its time. Christianity was also primarily an urban religion and had roots in all major cities in the Roman empire.
St. Stephen
When Constantine split the Roman empire, it started the division in Christianity.
-The Christians in the Byzantine Empire (Constantine's part of the empire) became the Eastern (or Greek) Orthodox
-The western half of the empire became the Roman Catholic sect of Christianity
-Over 1,000 years later a man named Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation
-This created the Protestant Sect of Christianity (includes Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Baptist, etc.)
The most successful early missionary.
Divine encounter with Jesus Christ - 30CE
Established churches in Asia Minor and Macedonia, Europe, Greece, and Palestine
Wrote many letters to these churches
Died in Rome- circa 60CE
Axelrod, Alan, and Charles Phillips. "Nero." Dictators & Tyrants: Absolute Rulers and Would-Be Rulers in World History. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 1995. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE49&iPin=ffdict0369&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 14, 2013).

Bunsen, Matthew. "Constantine the Great." Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire, Revised Edition. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2002. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE49&iPin=ERE0464&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 14, 2013).

"Byzantine Empire under Justinian, 527–565 CE." Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE49&iPin=ammap142&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 11, 2013).

Choi, P. Richard. "Paul the Apostle, Saint." In Ackermann, Marsha E., Michael Schroeder, Janice J. Terry, Jiu-Hwa Lo Upshur, and Mark F. Whitters, eds.Encyclopedia of World History: The Ancient World, Prehistoric Eras to 600 CE, vol. 1. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2008. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE49&iPin=WHI294&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 15, 2013).

English, Edward D. "Leo I, Saint." Encyclopedia of the Medieval World, vol. 1. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2005. Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE49&iPin=EMW0863&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 15, 2013).

Ermatinger, James W. "growth of Christianity in ancient Rome." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.

Melton, J. Gordon. "Introduction to Christianity." World Religions: Belief, Culture, and Controversy. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 8 Feb. 2013.

"Nicaea, Council of." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2013. Web. 8 Feb. 2013.

Richard, Choi P. Encyclopedia Of World History: The Ancient World, Prehistoric
Eras to 600 C.E. Ed. Michael E. Marsha, Terry J. Janice, and Mark F.
Whitters. N.p.: Encyclopedia of World History, n.d. Ancient and Medieval
History Online. Web. 19 Feb. 2013. <http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/

"Spread of Christianity." Ancient and Medieval History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
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Image Links:



http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/LowerFrame.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=AMH073&SingleRecord=TrueArtstor, Church of St.Peterhttp://school.nettrekker.com/goExternal?np=/sections/external/image/imageexternal.ftl&pp=/sections/external/web/external.ftl&al=Middle&evlCode=93838&imageEvalID=233012&pass=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.catholic.org%2Fimages%2Fsaints%2Fststephen.jpg&imgClass=resultsHeight&productName=school&doNotRedirect=1http://www.fofweb.com/NuHistory/LowerFrame.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=ans038&SingleRecord=Truehttp://school.nettrekker.com/goExternal?np=/sections/external/image/imageexternal.ftl&pp=/sections/external/web/external.ftl&al=Middle&evlCode=1705286025766610hgF0W9&imageEvalID=671937&pass=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.york-united-kingdom.co.uk%2Fconstantine%2Fconstantine-york-minster.jpg&imgClass=resultsWidth&productName=school&doNotRedirect=1










Apostle's Creed
John the Baptist
-Peter (rock) was chosen by Jesus to be the foundation of the church
-Head of Roman church
-Crucified Upside down circa (64 CE)
200 and 600CE
-Was the cousin of Jesus
-Paved the way for Jesus and
his ministry
-Preached the theme of
repentance and the coming of
the kingdom of God.
-Beheaded circa 44 CE by
Herod Agrippa
Pope Leo I
-Lived 400-461CE
-Protected Rome against the Huns and the Vandals.
-Defended orthodoxy from monophysites
The Vulgate
-The Vulgate was the first translation of the bible into Latin
-Translated by Saint Jerome circa 405 CE
-The New Testament was originally written in Greek
-The Old testament (also considered holy by Jews) was written in Hebrew and Aramaic.
-Bible similar to "Vedas" in Hinduism
St. Peter
Gospel of Luke
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