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Transcript of Artificial Intelligence
What if we do nothing?
Problems and Ethics
Where We Are and Where We Want To Be
Dr. Robert Finkelstein, who is an expertise in robotics states that this scenario is unlikely for several reasons. First, robots have no survival instinct of their own, nor can they reproduce and repair themselves without human help. Also, robots will never rule mankind as long as humans maintain control in the form of a kill-switch, which impossible for the robots to beat.
Is Developing Artificial Intelligence (AI) Ethical?
Artificial intelligence technology will soon help keep your family safe by protecting it from international threats as well as home burglaries. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security relies on virtual smart agents to supplement its human workforce, or to replace an agent when he or she is unavailable. The agency also incorporates artificial intelligence software into its monitoring systems, which scan phone calls and other communications. These programs can sift through large volumes of data quickly and are even capable of distinguishing between casual conversation and potential
Homes equipped with smarter security systems alert the homeowner and local law enforcement when an intruder enters the property. While older systems simply relied on motion detectors and sensors, modern security includes artificial intelligence that allows the system to distinguish between occupants and unknown persons.
Dr. Alan Mathison Turing
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Artificial intelligence (AI) is technology and a branch of computer science that studies and develops intelligent machines and software, where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success. John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1955, defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines".
Transhumanism represents the ultimate application of artificial intelligence to human life. Proponents of transhumanism believe that artificial intelligence can improve the overall human experience by expanding the limits of the mind and body. As humans incorporate more and more technology into their everyday lives, transhumanism offers the opportunity to eliminate disabilities, slow aging and even stop death.
Some picture transhumanism resulting in cyborgs, while others picture an entirely new species that people have yet to imagine: a being that's developed beyond the current human state to enjoy a higher level of reasoning, culture and physical capabilities. While members of the World Transhumanist Association celebrate the coming of this new creation, others call it the most dangerous threat to humanity. With significant ethical implications, particularly those related to cloning and eugenics, transhumanism must be pursued with extreme care to let mankind maintain its sense of humanity
The history of artificial intelligence (AI) began in antiquity with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; this s evident through Homer's Iliad tells us about robots that are made by the Greek god Hephaestus.
The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols. This work culminated in the invention of the programmable digital computer in the 1940s, a machine based on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. This device and the
Dr. Alan Mathison Turing was a British mathematician and the world-renowned father of computer science and artificial intelligence. In 1951 he wrote a paper that proposed a test called "The Imitation Game" that might finally settle the issue of machine intelligence, which consisted of three rooms, each connected through computer screens and keyboards. In one room there was a human, of either gender, in the second room a computer, and in the third sits a person – named "judge". The judge's job is to decide which of the contestants is human, and which the machine. Turing proposed that if, under these conditions, a judge were less than 50% accurate, that is, if a judge is as likely to pick either human or computer, then the computer must be a passable simulation of a human being and hence, intelligent. The game has been recently modified so that there is only one contestant, and the judge's job is not to choose between two contestants, but simply to decide whether the single contestant is human or machine.
The Turning Test
Creation of Adam?
Artificial intelligence in medicine is already helping doctors detect diseases and save lives. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center relies on special software to examine the heart and stop heart attacks before they occur. Perhaps the most exciting aspect of smart medical technology is the use of robotic surgery assistant Penelope, who can not only pass the correct tools to doctors, but also keep track of these tools and learn about a doctor's preferences .
Even a primary care physician can benefit from artificial intelligence, with software that tracks changes in health records to diagnose patients, allows specialist from around the world to facilitate a health problem instantaneously, as well warn doctors of potential risk factors and problems with medications.
By increasing the accuracy of weather predictions, artificial intelligence software may also offer important benefits in crop development, forestry and agriculture. NASA is even working on programs that will guide aircraft around potential storms and danger spots, even in remote areas, which could increase the safety of air travel in the near future
Watson is an artificially intelligent computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, developed in IBM's DeepQA project by a research team led by principal investigator David Ferrucci. Watson was named after IBM's Thomas J. Watson. The computer system was specifically developed to answer questions on the quiz show Jeopardy! In 2011, Watson competed on Jeopardy against former winners Brad Rutter and Ken Jennings. Watson received the first prize of $1 million.
Meteorologists have to analyze large volumes of data, in order to predict the weather, which can prove to be inaccurate to even the most experienced scientist. Soon, scientists may be able to predict the weather better by using artificial intelligence software, which can sift through complex data and spot patterns missed by the human eye. When this software sees a big storm coming, it will automatically issue alerts to warn residents and the media, which will help save lives.
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of famous six-game human–computer chess matches, in the format of machine and humans, versus a human. In this format, on the machine side a team of chess experts and programmers manually alter engineering between the games. The matches were played between the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue with a team of IBM programmers and chess experts who directed and reprogrammed the machine between games on the one side, and the World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov on the other side. The first match was played in February 1996 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Kasparov won the match 4–2, losing one game, drawing in two and winning three. A rematch, which has been called "the most spectacular chess event in history", was played in 1997 – this time Deep Blue won 3½–2½.
As of 2010, roughly half of world stock trades are driven by artificial intelligence-based software. These programs rely on algorithms to spot patterns in the market and predict price changes based on these patterns. Some can even buy or sell shares based on these predictions, while others issue an alert to human brokers and advise them of the changes to come. This technology results in better performance and improved returns for investors.
Artificial intelligence software may soon be able to protect consumers from fraud by spotting changes in spending or credit card use. If cards are lost or accounts are breached, the program can shut down the account and alert the holder of a potential problem to help limit losses.
Currently, scientist are working on cars that warn you of potential obstacles to help you avoid accidents, or even allow you to sit back and take in the sites as they drive themselves. Artificial intelligence may soon make all this possible, through the use of cameras, sensors and special software built into the vehicle. Manufacturers already rely on this technology to make backing up and parking safer, such as the Toyota Prius and certain Lexus models can actually self-park at the touch of a button
Driverless trains carry passengers from city to city in Japan without the need for human help, and self-driving cars may be closer than you think. In 2010, Google began testing its own line of driverless cars, which rely on lasers and sensors to spot obstacles, interpret signs and interact with traffic and pedestrians. Artificial intelligence not only takes the responsibility away from the driver, but also eliminates the danger of distracted driving and boasts a reaction time much faster than that of any human
The robotic vacuum cleaners, not only cleans your floor according to schedule, but are also able to maneuver around obstacles like stairs, furniture and your pet. Facilities with large turf areas, like golf courses, rely on similar technology to mow their lawns without the need for human intervention. The same technology will soon allow robots to perform boring and or repetitive tasks such as an assembly line, or even sort trash and recycling at waste processing centers.
Artificial intelligence may also allow machines to perform tasks too dangerous for humans, such as mining or firefighting. Some countries have already put smart robots to work disabling land mines and even handling radioactive materials in order to limit the risk to human workers, so incidences like this never occur.