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Garry Oak Ecosystem

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by

jamie picken

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of Garry Oak Ecosystem

Garry Oak Ecosystem
Two Major Reasons
1. Urban Development
2. Invasive Species
Urban and Land Development
Development contributes to habitat loss and fragmentation
Results in species moving to a new area or dying off
Invasive Species
"an introduced species that spread out and cause harmful effects on the other species and ecosystem"
compete with native species (often win)
Eco-restoration
Local Garry Oak Ecosystems and Efforts
Fort Rodd Hill
Started in 2001
Fort Rodd Hill National Park
11 hectare area
Focus
removing invasive species
protect plants from grazing deer and rabbits
Results
continuing photo monitoring
native species
stabilized plants at risk
What are Garry Oak Ecosystems?
Why are Garry Oak Ecosystems Diminishing?
Ecosystem restoration and
Local Application
Ecosystem Restoration Project
Garry Oak Ecosystems in the Victoria Area
From 1800 to 1997, the Victoria and Saanich Peninsula area has seen its garry oak ecosystem areas drop from 10, 443 hectares to 512.
their strategies for reproduction and growth
lack of a natural predator
Why do they win?
Fort-Robb Hill Restoration Volunteering Group
Examples of Invasive Species in Garry Oak Ecosystem
Plants
Scotch Broom
English Ivy
Daphne Pose
Orchard Grass
Vertebrates
Eastern Grey Squirrels
Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
Invertebrates
Winter Moth
Jumping Gall Wasp
Oak Leaf Phylloxera
Gypsy Moth
Black Slug
Eco-restoration is process in which people assist in the recovery of an ecosystem that has been invaded, degraded, or otherwise damaged.
Various projects in the Victoria area are working on various stages of restoration; removing invasive plants, replanting indigenous species, and monitoring and maintaining the ecosystems.
Before Invasive Plant Removal, 2002
After Invasive Plant Removal, 2006
Seeing Change
Removing English ivy from a Garry Oak ecosystem.
Scotch Broom
Eastern Grey Squirrel
Black Slug
1436 Ryan Street
Invasive species before restoration
Project Plan
Strengths

Weaknesses

Wide, meadow like clearing
Open canopy design
Supports an array of life
800 insect and mite species
more than 100 species of birds
33 mammal species
7 reptile species
694 plants
43 plant communities
GOE Supports:
Landscapes:
Landscapes in GOE
Transitional forest
Rock outcrop
Woodland
Meadow
Vernal pool
Maritime meadow
Coastal bluff
Common Camas
Chocolate lily
Nodding
Spring Gold
Broad-leaved Stonecrop
Western Trumpet Honeysuckle
Native Plants to the Garry Oak Ecosystem
Camosun
Loss of Area
Methods
September, 28, 2014
1436 Ryan Street
Final Plant List
seeds of native plant were planted
area fenced off
engage visitors & public
mimic natural processes
invasive plant control
volunteers & staff
Broad-leaved Shooting Star
Volunteer Opportunities!!!

Help restore endangered Garry Oak ecosystems of Fort Rodd Hill & Fisgard Lighthouse National Historic Sites by removing invasive species.

Saturdays (10am-3pm)- Sept 20, Oct 4, 18, Nov 1, 15, 29, and Dec 13. (Lunch Included)

frh.volunteer@pc.gc.ca or 250-812-8133

Before
After
Federal Goverment Restoration Project
Conclusion
Onion
Full transcript