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Transcript of Estonian Nature
The biggest predators are brown bears who are omnivores.
They are strong, powerful and common everywhere on the mainland.
They do not see and hear very well and but smell excellently.
They hibernate in winter.
There are 78 species of fishes, 11 species of amphibians, 5 species of reptiles, 375 species of birds and 64 species of mammals. (EE, 2011).
The biggest wild animal is elk (216 cm high, weight over 300 kg)
There are many small inland lakes, ponds and bog pools.
The largest lake is
(the fifth largest lake in Europe, 3555 km²) and
There are waterfalls in North-Estonia rivers (32 are over 1m high), (KIK, Getrail, 2008).
Jägala waterfall is
8 m high and up to 60 m wide.
Lakes and waterfalls
Estonia consists of mainland and islands
There are 1521 islands, 14 of them have the permanent population.
Estonia is mainly flat.
There are many beautiful outcrops and steep rocky coasts.
South-Estonia is hilly and there are our highest peaks.
Estonia is one of the richest countries in forests: about half of the land is covered with forests.
Estonia belongs to the zone of mixed forests.
We are holding the second place as one of the swamp richest countries in the world after Finland and before Canada.
Taevaskoda is one of the most beautiful natural sights in Estonia where you can see two very old cliffs of red sandstones
The higher is 24 m high
Taevaskoja and Ahja primeval valley
is 162 km long, it is the longest river with Pühajärve lake and Tamula lake
is the longest. (144 km long)
The longest rivers
Is the highest peak in Estonia and in the Baltic States.
Height is 318 m, but the relative height is only 60 m
On the top there is a 30 m high watch-tower where you can see more than 50 km around
There are 4 seasons in Estonia.
The highest temperature measured was 35,6 °C (11 August 1992) and the lowest temperature measured - 43,5 °C (17 January 1940).
The deepest snow was 104 cm (1924).
The stormiest weather was on Ruhnu island: 48m/s, (2 November 1969)
Saaremaa yellow rattle
There are over 10,000 different insect species in Estonia (Teder, 2013).
25 species of bumble-bees.
Bumble bees make their nests into the ground.
Estonian national flower
All 37 species are under protection
Estonia has a diverse flora. We also have two endemic species, which cannot be found elsewhere in the world: Saaremaa Yellow Rattle
which grows only in Estonia and North Latvia
and Estonian saw-wort
EE, 2011. http://entsyklopeedia.ee/artikkel/eesti_selgroogsed
Sarapuu, T., 2005. Eesti selgroogsed. http://bio.edu.ee/loomad/
EMHI, 2013. http://www.emhi.ee/index.php?ide=6,747,748
Mänd, M., 1999. Kimalane - teda me teame küll. http://www.loodusajakiri.ee/eesti_loodus/EL/vanaweb/9904/kimalane.html
KIK, Geotrail, 2008. Põhja-Eesti klint. http://www.klint.envir.ee/klint/est/8.html
Teder, T., 2013. Putukaliikide arv. http://lepo.it.da.ut.ee/~tiited/putukad/putukate_arv.html
google.com (only images licensed for commercial use)
Lives in coastal areas, is 8-10 cm long
These species are under protection.
People take measures to increase their declining population
To save natterjack toads, the small offsprings from Manilaiu island were taken to Denmark in 2008, Five of them were raised there and after mating season and spawning several hundreds of frog spawns were brought back by plane in 2013. After raising them they were taken back to Manilaiu island.
juniper yew tree
Sundews-the plants which eat insects
Nature Symbols of our Pärnu County
Rufous milkcap (mushroom)
Forest sand dunes
Dunes at Rannametsa
30 m from the foot
Breeding of natterjack toads
Young natterjack toads
Saaremaa yellow rattle