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Space Travel Timeline Project
Transcript of Space Travel Timeline Project
CORE:2 Space Travel Timeline Project 1961 1970 1990 Resources April 13, 1970, Apollo 13 launched off, intending to make the third lunar landing. Apollo was most of the way to the moon when their was an explosion in it's service module oxygen tank . Astronauts James Lovell Jr., John Swigert Jr., and Fred W Haise Jr., use the lunar module as a life line around the moon, and return to Earth. April 12,1981 was the first space shuttle launch. NASA launches off the first ever space shuttle in Columbia . Commander John Young and Polite Robert Crippen spent two days in orbit around the Earth on the test flight and touch at Edwards Air Force February 1,2003 was the loss of the space shuttle Columbia. Returning from it's 28 th missions America's oldest space shuttle, breaks up on reentry high over Texas. The cause of this problem is due to damage to the heat shielding incurred when a block of foam broke off the external fuel tank and it hit the shuttles left wing. 1958 The United States launched it's first satellite on January 31, 1958, it was named the Exploere One. It was the first spacecraft to detect the Van Allen radiation belt ( plasma) around the earth. The United States also began a series of scientific missions to the moon and another planets later in the 1950s early 1960s. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0461887/ 1957 Riding on the Soviets Vostok 1, was Yuin Gaggain, ( first human in space). The United States sent an astronaut , Alan Shepard on a 15-minute 28 second suborbital flight on board Freedom 1. Three weeks later on May 25, 1961 John F. Kennedy sent men to the moon and back. https://www.floridabooks.net/catalog/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=309&zenid=8g36jnu83s9ap2gnj292vde3v0 1962 On February20, 1962, John H. Glenn was the first American in Orbit. In this mission, it looked like a disaster from a certain point, but John H. Glenn orbits the earth three times in a five- hour flight. There was a problem with Mercury's capsule heat shield and they thought the spacecraft might burn up. The shield remained in place, and Glenn successfully splashes into the Atlantic Ocean. 1965 On March 18,1965 a Russian cosmonaut named Alexi Leonov exits his Voskhod 2 capsule for a 12 minute space walk. His spacesuit was running out of air pressure , but Leonov was able to vent air and counteract the problem. Leonov also had problems fitting in the small airlock, because he was so tall. On Oct.4,1957 the Sputnik 1 was launched by Russia. No other country in the world had satellites orbiting earth. Russia and the USA were competing for this title, USA was sent into a panic when Russia achieved it first. This launch proved that Russia was more techionogically advanced. This launch by Russia marked the start of the space age. http://www.wallpapersfreedesktop.com/3d-space-travel-wallpaper.html 1971 June 7,1971 was the first occupation of a space station. After a earlier attempt that failed due to a jammed hatch, three cosmonauts from the Soviets Union Soyuz 11 mission successfully board the Salyut 1 space station. Their 24-day mission was consisted of scientific experiments and sets a new record for space travel. 1976 The first United States Mars landing was marked July 20, 1976. Pictures show a stark, rock landscape like some Earth deserts. Chemical test were designed to search for life anomalies in the soil. The lander remains operational until late in 1982. 1981 http://bestcartechnology.com/jaguar-c-x75-the-spacecraft-tech/jaguar-c-x75-with-spacecraft-technology/ 1982 November 11,1982 was the first Operational Space Shuttle Mission. After four test flights in 1981 and 1982 , the space shuttle carries a crew of four on it's true mission. On it's five day mission, the shuttle goes to, two commercial satellites. February 7,1984 was the first Untetherd Spacewalk. In the first test of NASA's new Manned Maneuvering Unit, a rocket backpack was designed to fit over the astronauts spacesuits. Astronauts Bruce McCandless exits the space shuttle Challenger without a safety line. When he puts the unit through it's paces, he files 320 feet away from the shuttle and rets safely. 1984 April 25,1990 a hubble space telescope was deployed. A day after launching , the space shuttle opened it's cargo bay doors deploy a unique cargo: the 12-ton Hubble Space Telescope. Hubble is an orbiting collection of instruments designed to
view the universe from the Earth's atmosphere. 1997 July 4,1997, Pathfinder Probe Landed on Mars. Due to a parachute and the protection by inflated airbags, the Mars Pathfinder probe breaks through the thin Martian atmosphere, settles to the surface, and bounces at least 15 times before coming to a rest. 1998 October 29 1998, John Glenn returns back to space . Thirty six years after becoming the first American to orbit Earth, John Glenn boards the space shuttle Discover for a triumphant return. John Glenn will be the oldest person to go into space at 77 years old. 2003 http://tetrahedral.blogspot.com/2011/07/space-shuttle-program-over-next-come.html 2004 July 1, 2004 was the arrival of Cassini spacecraft at Saturn. After seven years of transmit, the first probe to circle Saturn reaches it's destination and breaks into orbit. The mission seeks multiple targets. NASA engineers plan several years of close flyby's including mapping of the giant moon Titan. 2005 July 26, 2005 was the first space launch after the Columbia disaster. Two years after the space shuttle Columbia breaks up, NASA was ready to try again. Discovery (the space shuttle) is ready to lift off, but foam breaks off during launch. They carefully inspect and exam the problem. They fix the foam problem and the shuttle launched off during 2006. http://history.nasa.gov/factsheet.htm http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/space-exploration http://www.jbarnstable.org/cyberteen/2009/summer/space/1950.html http://dictionary.refernce.com 1959 1950's 1960's 1970's 1980's 1990's 2000's January 2,1959 was the first successful flyby. The USSR spacecraft had a mission to land on the moon but it was unsuccessful and flew by the moon. The Sputnik 1 Yuin Gaggain Bruce McCandless The Saylut 1 John Glenn Cassini Spacecraft