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Official Psychology Prezi
Transcript of Official Psychology Prezi
Clare Taira, Sean Harrison 1) History and Knowledge
from past Psychologists. 2) Evolutionary Theory 3) Scientific Method
and Research 4) Foundations of
Human Behavior How has human's understanding of the brain changed in relation to the maturation of the field of Psychology? Essential Question: Myths thought to relate to psychology
Volcano erupted meant gods were angry
Storm meant gods were sad
Two people fall in love, they had been struck by cupids arrow. 4th-5th century B.C.E. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and others debated the nature of thoughts and behavior including the possible link between the mind and the body Rene Descartes
- Mind and body were not connected
- Focused on the mind
- Psychology grew out of this tradition of thinking about the mind and body. Psychology persists today as researchers who study emotion still talk about Descartes and scientists who study happiness refer to Aristotle this is pretty cool What is the Evolutionary Theory? What Is The scientific method is a process of five steps used to find information about various topics of interest in not only psychology, but all other sciences. 1. Observing the phenomenon
2. Create a hypothesis and predictions
3. Testing, collection, and analysis of data
4. Formulate conclusions
5. Evaluate the theory The Evolutionary Theory In contrast, the philosopher and physician Hippocrates proposed that the brain was the seat of the sensations as well as the center of the intellect The Nervous System Natural Selection
Evolutionary Theory Central 1. Observation Peripheral asdfghjkl Somatic Autonomic Sympathetic Parasympathetic Concept of Psychology
-different categories (emotional, behavior, clinical, sports) 3 ways to test genetic heritage 7 Approaches Biological
Socio-cultural How is the Evolutionary Theory intertwined with the rest of the psychological theories? How does it relate to the EQ? The Four Characteristics of the Nervous System Complexity Scientists see "variables" (anything that can change) and think what if something different did happen. Integration Adaptability They then create "theories" which are
broad ideas used to explain observations. Electrochemical Transmission From this scientists can make thier hypothesis. History of Genetics
Dominant-recessive genes principle 2. Hypothesis What is it??? A hypothesis is an educated guess based off of one or more theories. Neurons What are Neurons? Neurons: One of the two types of cells in the nervous system. They handle the info-processing function.
Axon: Part of the neuron that carries info away from the cell body toward other cells. Neurotransmitters Molecular Genetics •Glutamate
•Oxytocin Selective Breeding Behavior Genetics 3. Testing Structures of the Brain Endocrine System Chromosomes:
Thread-like, 23 pairs
Contain DNA empirical research -collecting and analyzing data Operational Definition- A definition that provides an objective description of how a variable is going to be measured and observed. Essential Question How has human's understanding of the brain changed in relation to the maturation of the field of Psychology? 4. Drawing Conclusions -plausibility?
-varied aproaches? 5. Evaluation submit for publication
relation to original theory A method that allows researchers to combine the results of several different studies on a similar topic in order to establish the strength of an effect.
Carries genetic information
Order of code determines the result in organism Quick Note Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) Steps three, four, and five are ongoing.
more research is done,
theories are revised
new conclusions are drawn
rinse and repeat Chromosomes Example!!!!! Observe That girl you like from that class you have decides to sit in your best friends seat. HYPOTHESIS! If she is sitting next to you to start up some small talk then she will respond when you introduce yourself to her because who doesn't love making new friends. Research scale- time talking
-variable 1: video games
-variable 2: flirt
-variable 3: sit quietly Conclusions Genetic Information passed down
Visible/Invisible After a few days of conversation look back and reflect at what has happened.
-which choice resulted in the longest conversation? Genes casual talk: chat till class begins
video games: instant loss of interest
Flirting: conversation goes until class starts and then continues through entire class.
Pay no attention: Subject G starts a conversation Meta-analysis Genetics and Behavior Evaluate Because the flirting resulted in the longest conversation the girl in question most likely has feelings towards you.
---show results to a guy friend for approval, and then begin new tests. Types of Psychological Research Descriptive Correlational Experimental -average level of happiness finding out a dimension of a variable relationships between variables -average level of happiness in relation to marriage creates causal relationships between variables -whether smiling makes a person more attractive -observation
-case studies why descriptive research? It helps to formulate a general idea in a short amount of time. -shows a general idea
of how one thing affects
-third variable problem-
when an unmeasured
variable accounts for a
relationship of two variables ice cream violent crime heat Why Correlational research? -act,sat -personality -ethics issues -real life -the girl experiment from earlier
-gives real answers Horse Problems with Experimenting
Zebra ethics validity bias
-subjects real world application placebo effect How has human's understanding of the brain changed in relation to the maturation of the field of Psychology? Without scientific method... scientific method is the way we advance knowledge of the brain. advancement of the brain equals advancement of psychology The scientific study of the human mind and its functions Twin Studies Can't mate humans Same:
Both were sherrifs
Vacationed in Florida
Dog named toy
Married and divorced a woman named Betty Development of the study of the brain throughout the years How does this relate to the EQ? Our research and technology has evolved and significantly progressed, allowing us to see the physical visible proof of how the brain a long with a few other functions affect our behavior, and whole being. Final Answer: Today in the field of Psychology we still use the earlier theories of past Psychologists as a foundation when studying the brain. However, past and present scientists, have been trying to prove the idea that the brain and body are connected. To prove this, scientists have conducted studies and methods using behavior as an example, that the brain affects who we are, providing evidence of the link between the two. We have progressed in understanding the brain, since Psychologists in the past could have unproven theories, but through our technology today, we have evidence to prove them true.