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Beloved Chapter 1-4

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Winnie Fan

on 12 April 2015

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Transcript of Beloved Chapter 1-4

Beloved Chapter 1-4
Winnie Fan
Vicky Tu
Victoria Lee
Lily Lee
Jonathan Kim
Period 2
The Garners
prove not all slave owners were vicious
--> Although Garners assisted Baby Suggs to freedom, yet he kept Halle, Sethe and all of their children
manipulating slaves’ minds i
nto thinking that he gave them enough space to become men, Mr. Garner communicates the
theme of men and masculinity.
(Solomon, Sitter)
Garners made most of the decisions at Sweet Home
Paul D realizes that Mr. Garner was not relenting and was quite similar to schoolteacher.
morals may be relatively better than the schoolteacher, but intentions to manipulate their slaves still exist.
minor yet round characters
Characterisitcs: controversial, kind, and generous.
""'Now at Sweet Home, my niggers is men every one of em. Bought em thataway, raised em thataway. Men every one.” --->

Figurative Language
Who is Beloved?
t reminder of the past
that all the major characters want to disremember but cannot forge
theme of memory
, that as long as you are forced to hold on to and contemplate your memories, your past will continue to haunt you
gives the characters the opportunity to
reflect on the past and heal.
new shoes, skin soft and smooth, affinity for sugar-->
Newborn/ resurrection
Beloved's shinning bothering Paul D
--> interrupts Sethe’s and Denver’s argument of when to comb out Denver’s hair
---> strain Sethe’s and Paul D’s relationship
Childishness--->"“Four days she slept, waking and sitting up only for water [...]From that moment and through everything that followed, sugar could always be counted on to please her..''
harm Sethe
emotionally and physically
Loss of tooth --> fear to physically fall apart
lack of a strong moral center
Beloved’s first interior soliloquy contains no punctuation except the very first sentence “I AM BELOVED and she is mine
Not at peace in the end
Beloved Period 2 Ch 1-4
indentured servant, a prophetic healer, and a compassionate white woman
who plays a crucial role in the very continuation of the story that clearly must be "passed on”- Coonradt
Static Character
name originates in Old French word “Aimee” and Latin word “amatus”, which
both mean “beloved”
Bridge between White & Black
Heal Sethe physically and psychologically by giving her
"anything dead coming back to life hurts."--->
Coming back to freedom from enslavement
Boston and Velvet--->
symbolize a better future
Similarity with Sethe ( both are victims of slavery) help Sethe trust her (At first, Sethe refers herself as Lu because she distrusted Amy)
Sethe recalls, “if it hadn't been for that girl looking for velvet, she never would have made it"

1835 Sethe is born to Ma'am
1848 Halle buys Baby Suggs freedom
Sethe arrives at Sweet Home
1849 Sethe and Halle married
1850 Howard is born
1851 Buglar is born
1854 Beloved Born
1855 Sethe leaves Sweet Home
Denver is born
Sethe arrives at Baby Suggs
(28 days of peace)
Sethe kills Beloved
Sethe goes to jail

1856 Paul D locked up
1865 Buglar and Howard leave.
Baby Suggs dies
1873 Paul D arrives at 124
Paul D , Sethe, and Denver went to a carnival
Black Phrasing
Speech/ Illiteracy
Memory and the past
Sethe and guilt
to probe her character to realize their terribly paradoxical circumstances in a social arena of white male dominance

to describe 124 immediately set the tone to one that is quite ominous "124 WAS SPITEFUL"
--> tree and back ""It's a tree, Lu. A chokecherry tree. See, here's the trunk--it's red and split wide open, full of sap, and this here's the parting for the branches. You got a mighty lot of branches. Leaves, too, look like, and dern if these ain't blossoms. Tiny little cherry blossoms, just as white. Your back got a whole tree on it. In bloom.” ---> vivid description

“ memory of Baby Suggs- the mountain to his sky. Baby Suggs's memory is “deeper and more painful” than Sethe and Denver. It scorches “ his soul like a silver dollar in a fool’s pocket.--> Shows emotional depth
Compare jungle to racism "Whitepeople believed that whatever the manners, under every dark skin was a jungle. Swift unnavigable waters, swinging screaming baboons, sleeping snakes, red gums ready for their sweet white blood. In a way, he thought, they were right. The more coloredpeople spent their strength trying to convince them how gentle they were, how clever and loving, how human, the more they used themselves up to persuade whites of something Negroes believed could not be questioned, the
deeper and more tangled the jungle grew inside
. But it wasn't the jungle blacks brought with them to this place from the other (livable) place.”

Water imagery:
rebirth--> "“For some reason she could not immediately account for, the moment she got close enouh to see the face, Sethe's bladder filled to capacity."
Redemption--> " “I am standing in the rain falling the others are taken I am not taken I am falling like the rain is I watch him eat inside I am crouching to keep from falling with the rain.”
Tree Imagery:
Prevent harm-->scar on Sethe’s back to a chokecherry tree, the imagery of tree
Provide hope: "When he lost them, and found himself without so much as a petal to guide him, he paused, climbed a tree on a hillock and scanned the horizon for a flash of pink or white in the leaf world that surrounded him."
harm --> Paul F was sold and died by the tree and Sixo was tied to a tree and burned

Spiteful, Malicious, fill with evil spirit "Full of a baby’s venom. The women in the house knew it and so did the children."
isolation " “Outside a driver whipped his horse into the gallop local people felt necessary when they passed 124."
, twenty-three years after the passing of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
division of slave states and free states
Sweet Home
Vivid beautiful scenery contrast dark memory
Ohio River
promise of freedom. The river is a biblical allusion of the Jordan River which the Israelites have to cross before entering the Promised Land
character’s dialogue in colloquial language largely associated to the way enslaved African-Americans spoke due to their lack of proper education during their times in slavery.
Baby Suggs, before she dies, says "Bring a little lavender in, if you got any. Pink, if you don't." Sethe and Denver converse about the ghost haunting 124 in moderate black phrasing.
Paul D and Sethe "“how you been, girl, besides barefoot?” and “No, uh uh. Can’t baby feet. A whole lot more tramping they got to do yet."
Sethe is illiterate: with some type of “education” in speech during her conversations with Mrs. Garner.
Denver received her own education from Lady Jones as a child
“red and undulating light” Paul D encounters upon stepping into 124 had the power to lock “him where he stood.”--->symbolize the blood that Beloved bled
eerie tone/ dark setting
“carmine velvet” that Amy Denver is obsessed with symbolizes light, hope and a better future
Trees are a motif in the novel and they serve as a symbol for tranquility and solitude
The trees that can be seen all around Sweet Home cover up the horror in Sethe’s memory.
The “chokecherry tree” on Sethe’s back symbolize beauty and growth that Amy Denver hopes to see in Sethe.
Biblical Allusion

epigraph--->“I will call them my people, which were not my people, and her beloved, which was not beloved,” said by Apostle Paul wonders about God’s view towards humanity.
The tree that appears on Sethe’s back refers to the tree of knowledge and evil
Sethe swallows her pride to engrave Beloved on the tombstone: "“Pride comes before destruction, and an arrogant spirit before a fall. (Proverbs 16:18)”
Beloved’s throat was cut by Sethe, the schoolteacher was horrified and allowed Sethe and her children to live in freedom. Beloved’s sacrificial death thus brought salvation to the family.

image of a ghost haunting 124: many movies and books are written around supernatural events and the presence of ghosts
mother/ daughter bonding : “They beat you and you was pregnant?” “And they took my milk!”
Garden Archetype: Denver’s “emerald closet”, represents a paradise that humans can escape to
emerald green color symbolizes hope and serenity, which defines Denver, since “she is expecting something.
motifs, including milk, color, and trees.

milk: represents the ability to nurture and love, and the strong bond of motherhood.
color: reflecting the each character’s state of mind. As Baby Suggs lay on her deathbed, “she used the little energy left her for pondering color
Tree: constant reminder of the past for Sethe and guidance, trust and tranquility to Paul D
the word Beloved should represent someone extremely loved, the baby was murdered.
In the beginning of the novel, Sethe tries to bury her her past in order to subdue her guilt.
“She and Baby Suggs had agreed without saying so that it was unspeakable; to Denver’s inquires Sethe gave short replies or rambling incomplete reveries.”
"No more powerful than the way I loved her.”
Beloved arrives at 124, , Sethe lets her past and guilt overcome her and almost completely devour her.
"But, as she began telling about the earrings, she found herself wanting to, liking it.”
"Sethe pleaded for forgiveness, counting, listing again and again her reasons: that Beloved was more important, meant more to her than her own life. That she would trade places any day. Give up her life, every minute and hour of it, to take back just one of Beloved’s tears.”

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