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Copy of Lexington and Concord
Transcript of Copy of Lexington and Concord
in Lexington, Mass. The first shot that was fired is known as the Shot Heard Round the World. No one knows who actually fired that first famous shot. General Gage and other British officals wanted to investigate accounts that the colonists were stockpiling weapons in Concord. Sam Adams and John Hancock were hiding in Lexington because the British were trying to find them, and hang them as traitors. Just a few hours before the battles of Lexington and Concord, Revere performed his "Midnight Ride". He and William Dawes were instructed by Joseph Warren to ride from Boston to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams of the movements of the British Army, which was beginning a march from Boston to Lexington. They had orders to arrest Hancock and Adams and seize the weapons stores in Concord. Paul Revere was spying on the British troops in Boston, and waiting for them to make their move. Several dozen militiamen gathered on the town common at Lexington, and then eventually went to the Tavern to await the British troops' arrival. Definite word reached them just before sunrise, and they left the tavern to assemble on the common. Following the arrival of the army, a single shot was fired, by whom, we still do not know. With this shot, the American Revolutionary War began. The militia were outnumbered and fell back, and the British proceeded on to Concord, where they searched for the supplies. At the North Bridge in Concord, approximately 500 militiamen fought and defeated three companies of the King's troops. When the British troops arrived in the village of Concord, they tried to carry out Gage's orders. They secured the North Bridge, searched for a farm where intelligence indicated supplies would be found, and one group was left guarding the bridge. These groups were were significantly outnumbered by the 400-plus militia men that were only a few hundred yards away. The British found themselves trapped in a situation where they were both outnumbered and outmaneuvered. Their leaders were failing and terrified of the superior numbers of the militia. The British abandoned their wounded, and fled to safety. The colonists were stunned by their success. No one had actually believed either side would shoot to kill the other. Some advanced; many more retreated; and some went home to see to the safety of their homes and families. On their way back to Boston the British traveled into a section in the road where there was a rise and a curve through a wooded area- now known as the "Bloody Angle". 200 militia men had positioned themselves behind trees and walls in a rocky, tree-filled pasture for an ambush.
Additional militia joined in from the other side of the road, catching the British in a crossfire in the wooded swamp, while the Concord militia closed from behind to attack.
The British soldiers escaped by breaking into a trot, a pace that the colonials could not maintain through the woods and swampy terrain.