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Effects of Mental Health Disorders / Smoothie. (Health Seminar)

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gloria an

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Effects of Mental Health Disorders / Smoothie. (Health Seminar)

HEALTH SEMINAR :

SMOOTHIE
"Berry Tornado Burst"
Effects of Mental Health Disorders
Mental Health:
the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment.

Mental Disorders:
the behavioral pattern or abnormality that causes distress or disability, and which is not develop mentally or socially normative. Mental disorders are defined by combinations of how a person feels emotionally and mentally.
Effects of Mental Health Disorders:

Individuals with mental health disorders are at greater risk for decreased quality of life, educational difficulties, lowered productivity and poverty, social problems, vulnerability to abuse, and additional health problems. Education is often compromised when early-onset mental disorders prevent individuals from completing their education or successfully pursuing a career.
Signs and Symptoms of Mental Health Disorders
Depression
– severe feelings of hopelessness and dejection.
Clinical depression lasts for at least two weeks and affects a person’s emotions, thinking, behavior and physical well being.
Symptoms:
Emotional
– Sadness, anxiety, guilt, anger, mood swings, lack of emotional responsiveness, helplessness, and hopelessness.
Psychological
– Frequent self-criticism, self-blame, pessimism, impaired memory and concentration, indecisiveness and confusion, tendency to believe others see you in a negative light, thoughts of death and suicide.
Behavioral
– Crying spells, withdrawal from others, worrying, neglect of responsibilities, loss of interest in personal appearance, loss of motivation, drug or alcohol use.
Physical
– Chronic fatigue, lack of energy, sleeping too much or too little, overeating or loss of appetite, constipation, weight loss or gain, irregular menstrual cycle, loss of sexual desire, unexplained aches and pains.
Anxiety –
An anxiety disorder differs from normal stress, worry, concern, and fear. It is more severe and long-lasting, and interferes with work and relationships. Anxiety disorders include Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Social Phobia, Agoraphobia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Obsessive/Compulsive Disorder.
Symptoms:
Physical
– Heart palpitations, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, flushing, and hyperventilation, shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, sweating, tingling and numbness, choking, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, restlessness, tremors/shaking.
Psychological
– Unrealistic and/or excessive fear and worry, mind racing or going blank, decrease concentration and memory, indecisiveness, irritability, impatience, anger, confusion, restlessness or feeling “on edge” or nervousness, tiredness, sleep disturbance, vivid dreams. Behavioral – Avoidance of situations, obsessive or compulsive behavior, distress in social situations, phobic behavior.
Bi-Polar Disorder –
Bi-Polar Disorder is characterized by extreme mood swings. A person with Bi-Polar disorder may have periods of depression, mania, and normal mood, but must have episodes of both depression and mania to be diagnosed as having Bi-Polar Disorder. Bi-Polar Disorder used to be called Manic-Depressive Disorder. Symptoms include those for both depression and mania.
Symptoms:
Emotional
- Sadness, anxiety, guilt, anger, lack of emotional responsiveness, helplessness, hopelessness, self-criticism, self-blame, pessimism, impaired memory and concentration, indecisiveness and confusion, thoughts of death and suicide, crying spells, withdrawal from others, worrying, neglect of responsibilities, loss of interest in personal appearance, loss of motivation, chronic fatigue, lack of energy, overeating or loss of appetite, constipation, weight loss or gain, loss of sexual desire.
Psychological
– Increased energy and over activity, elated mood, needing less sleep than usual, rapid thinking and speech, lack of inhibitions, grandiose delusions, lack of insight.
Psychotic Disorders –
Psychosis is a mental disorder in which a person has lost some contact with reality. There may be severe disturbances in thinking, emotions or behavior. Psychotic disorders are not as common as depression and anxiety disorders, affecting just over 1% of the population. Psychotic disorders include Schizophrenia, Psychotic Mania, Psychotic Depression, Schizo affective Disorder and Drug-Induced Psychosis.
Symptoms:

Emotional
– Depression, anxiety, irritability, suspicious, blunted, flat or inappropriate emotion, change in appetite, reduced energy and motivation.
Psychological
– Difficulties with concentration or attention, sense of alteration of self, others or the outside world (e.g. feeling that self or others have changed or are acting different in some way), strange ideas, unusual perceptual experiences (such as a reduction or greater intensity of smell, sound or color), delusions, hallucinations.
Behavioral and Physical
– Sleep disturbance, social isolation or withdrawal, reduced ability to carry out work or other roles.
Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa -
In anorexia nervosa’s cycle of self-starvation, the body is denied the essential nutrients it needs to function normally. Thus, the body is forced to slow down all of its processes to conserve energy, resulting in serious medical consequences:
Abnormally slow heart rate and low blood pressure, which mean that the heart muscle is changing. The risk for heart failure rises as the heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower. Reduction of bone density, which results in dry, brittle bones, Muscle loss and weakness, Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure, Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness, Dry hair and skin; hair loss is common, and Growth of lanugo all over the body, including the face, to keep the body warm.
Bulimia Nervosa -
The recurrent binge-and-purge cycles of bulimia can affect the entire digestive system and can lead to electrolyte and chemical imbalances in the body that affect the heart and other major organ functions. Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include:
Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death, Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors, Potential for gastric rupture during periods of binging, Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting, Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during frequent vomiting, Chronic irregular bowel movements and constipation as a result of laxative abuse.
Binge Eating Disorder -
Binge eating disorder often results in many of the same health risks associated with clinical obesity. Some of the potential health consequences of binge eating disorder include:
High blood pressure, High cholesterol levels, Heart disease as a result of elevated triglyceride levels, Type II diabetes mellitus, and Gallbladder disease.
1. Drastic Change in Eating Habits
When a person is developing an eating disorder, they cannot help the fact that their eating behaviors will be abnormal. They will rarely or never eat with others, always finding some excuse for not eating- they aren’t hungry, or they already ate- the list goes on.
2. Bad Body Image (the way they view themselves)
Body image is essentially defined as the way one perceives others to view them. Having bad body image would bring on waves of self-doubt in their appearance, and therefore cause this person to constantly try and lose weight. When somebody is developing an eating disorder, or has one already, food and appearance is very pre-occupying. A common cover-up for extra weight, or an extreme loss of weight, is to wear baggy clothes. They will often spend a lot of time in front of a mirror or obsessing over everything that is wrong with their bodies.
3. Exercise Behaviors
Those with an eating disorder often exercise compulsively.
4. Thoughts and Beliefs
Eating disorders are psychological as well as physical. Overly-simple thinking and reasoning brings along ideas such as “Being skinny will make me feel better about myself.” Another belief often held by someone with an eating disorder is that they do not deserve to enjoy their food. They eat foods that they don’t like, and either do not eat enough or eat way too much. It is brought on by an extreme self-hatred.
5. Emotional and Psychological
Denying their own feelings is another common trait in a person suffering from an eating disorder. They have trouble discussing the way the feel about something. Dismissing emotions such as anger with excuses like being tired or stressed conveniently avoids dealing with the issue at hand. low-key interactions can trigger strong emotions and possibly tantrums or withdrawal. This may be because they often feel inadequate, depressed, anxious, and lonely. Overwhelming emptiness, hopelessness and despair make it difficult to function at a normal level of interaction.
6. Self-injury and/or Self-harm
Self injury and/or self harm includes cutting and/or burning flesh, these activities bring a sense of escape while they last but soon after the tension will mount again.
7. Social behaviors
a person with an eating disorder is likely to have a people-pleasing type personality. When making everyone else happy, they often withdraw in whatever way they can at the time. They tend to present an extreme of being needy and dependent or very independent and rejecting of help. Their relationships tend to be one-sided or superficial. Because of the imbalanced rationality in their thinking, they are more likely to make regrettable choices about their sex lives, cash flow, stealing and lying, making commitments, career paths, and practically everything that will have a major impact on their future.
Signs of Eating Disorders
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