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English Summative 2012
Transcript of English Summative 2012
By Christelle Tan The invasion of China by Japan The Beginning
-September 1931: Japan invades the region of Manchuria
-China is too militarily weak to fight off Japan on its own and
appeals to the League of Nations for help
-Japan consequentially withdraws from the League of Nations Japanese Occupation Begins After the invasion of Manchuria,
major attacks in 1937 were made
on Beijing, Nanking and Shanghai -Worldwide genocide during the Second World War
-In Europe, Jews were exterminated because of the Nazis' attempt to purify and purge the world of races “inferior” to the Aryan race.
-In China, the Japanese thought that China was “inferior” to them, and were also angered by the fight China had put up before surrendering. -The “pacification” program targeted all males between the ages of 15 and 60
-An estimated 2.7 million people were killed
-Forced to pay great respect and worship to Japan and its soldiers
-A boy was known to be executed for not saluting a Japanese official by taking off his cap -Most infamous attack on China is the rape and massacre of Nanking
-Mass murder, genocide and war rape took place. -Hundreds of thousands of civilians and soldiers were murdered
-Thousands were raped by Japanese soldiers Nanking -Citizens were captured and murdered in mass execution, used for bayonet practice, or burned and buried alive -Survived for days without water or food before being promised food and work
-When they were finally herded out to an isolated area, captives were too tired and dehydrated to fight back. They had been set up for murder. -Main theme of “Night” is silence
-Silence of the victims and the absence of rebellion against our enemies
-Exposes to the world of the brutalities committed during the Holocaust
-Try to prevent anything like it from happening again
-Many affected Chinese civilians found it hard for their voices to be heard after the war -Hope that the Chinese government would demand Japanese amendments and an official apology
-China declares that it had forgiven the Japanese to gain alliance and international legitimacy -Increasing activist efforts protesting Japan's cruelty
-1990s: Huge growth in novels, historical books, and articles involving the Rape of Nanking
-Iris Chang, the author of “The Rape of Nanking.” -Concluded that her book was a delayed call for justice and revival of interest of what happened to China during the Second World War -Personal experiences on both sides of my family
-My father's story enforces the severity of the Japanese occupation. His grandparents were forced to bow and salute the Japanese soldiers.
-My great grandfather grew to hate Japan with a passion because of what they did. -Experience of my great grandmother during the war
-All the children in her family hid under a table, hidden by blankets
-When the Japanese entered, they used bayonets, which are guns with a fitted knife at the end, to swipe and poke at the blankets
-The children were undiscovered -“Night” and the “The Rape of Nanking” are calls for attention and justice
-Recall what happened and revive the past to break the silence that Elie Wiesel describes
-Prevent anything like the Holocaust and other genocides from happening ever again Thank you! Roughly 7 years after her novel “The Rape of Nanking” was published, Iris Chang took her own life. She had suffered deep depression after researching the atrocities committed at Nanking by the Japanese. This shows how deeply conflicts such as this can affect people who are not even directly related to it.