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Transcript of Mood Disorders
mood disorders are: Bipolar Disorder and Depression Bipolar disorder involves periods of depression alternating with periods of excitability or mania. The "mood swings" between mania and depression can be very abrupt. Depression is a mental illness where a person experiences unshakable sadness and lack of interest in nearly all activites. Causes and Effects General causes of mood disorders include heredity, an inbalance in chemicals, and environmental factors. Bipolar Disorder Depression The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown but it is commonly found in the relatives of people with the disorder. It can also result from disturbances in the areas of the brain that regulate mood. The causes of depression are not always clear. It can be caused by an event or for no apparent reason at all. Genes can also play a role by not providing your brain with enough serotonin. Signs and Symptoms Agitation or irritation
Lack of self-control
Inflated self-esteem (delusions of grandeur, false beliefs in special abilities)
Little need for sleep
Over-involvement in activities
Poor temper control
Binge eating, drinking, and/or drug use
Spending sprees Bipolar Disorder Manic Phase Depressed Phase Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
Loss of appetite and weight loss
Overeating and weight gain
Fatigue or listlessness
Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and/or guilt
Loss of self-esteem
Persistent thoughts of death
Inability to sleep
Withdrawal from activities that were once enjoyed
Withdrawal from friends Depression The signs of depression can vary from person to person. The possible symptoms can include a persistant feeling of sadness, lack of interest in activities, change in sleep and/or eating habits, and/or a feeling of worthlessness. Treatment Bipolar Disorder In the manic phase of bipolar disorder, antipsychotic medications, lithium, and mood stabilizers are usually used as treatments. In the depressive phase, antidepressants are sometimes used. Other forms of treatment are pharmacotherapy, physcotherapy, and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Getting enough sleep can sometimes help stabilize a patients mood. Depression Some common ways of treating depression are using antidepressant drugs, psycotherapy, and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT.) A popular antidepressant drug is Prozac which is the most widely used antidepressant drug in the world. In bipolar disorder moods alternate
from mania to depression. The End Citations "Mood Disorders." PsyWeb.com. PsyWeb.com, n.d. Web. 13 Mar 2011. <http://www.psyweb.com/Mdisord/jsp/moodd.jsp>.
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Web. 13 Mar 2011. <http://wellnessinthenow.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/MoodDisorder.jpg>. Bipolar disorder includes
Bipolar I and Bipolar II.