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Nonfiction Literary Terms 1

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on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of Nonfiction Literary Terms 1

Nonfiction Literary Terms
Nonfiction - writing that provides facts about real people, events, and ideas. Nonfiction teaches you about a subject or tries to convince you to do or believe something.
The newspaper article about the upcoming election is a great nonfiction source of information for students interested in politics.
Central Idea - the main idea that a writer conveys. Central ideas can be stated directly or implied (suggested).
In an essay about sports in society, the central idea might be: Athletes should be role models who set good examples for children and young adults.
Supporting Details - details to help explain a central (main) idea. Examples, facts, anecdotes, figurative language, and quotations are some common types of supporting details.
In an article about recycling, the author might include the following fact to support the main idea that recycling is popular in many communities: 4,000 tons of cans have been recycled in Woodbridge since the end of last year.
Author’s Purpose - the author’s reason for writing (to entertain, to inform, to persuade, to explain, etc…) An author may have more than one reason for writing.
An essay about Spain may have two purposes. An author’s purpose may be to inform with facts about Spain’s culture and history. At the same time, an author’s purpose may be to entertain with funny stories about his experiences in Spain.
Audience - the person or group of people for whom a piece of writing is intended. Authors think about their audience long before they begin to write. An author would write differently for a first grade student than he would for a college student and must consider his audience first.
When books are meant for grades 6-8, the writer has purposely written that book with a middle school audience in mind. The content of the book is appropriate for grades 6-8 and the vocabulary is not too easy and not too difficult for that age group.
Point of View/Perspective - the way in which an author views his or her subject
In a nonfiction piece about snails, an author's point of view/perspective may be favorable and the author may defend the slimy creatures by supporting their usefulness to the environment.
Tone - the author’s or speaker’s emotional attitude toward the story. The author’s tone is the way that he feels when writing the story and can be angry, playful, sarcastic, serious, sincere, etc.
I could tell that the author of this article had an angry tone because he criticized the actors of the play for being too lazy and not putting on a better show. Also, he wrote, “I wish that directors were intelligent enough to know the difference between garbage and talent so that an audience could at least see a decent show.”

Mood - the feeling or emotion that a reader feels. The mood is an emotional response like fear, discomfort, longing, anticipation, love, tenderness, hate.
R.L.Stine creates stories that are meant to scare readers. The author creates this scary mood with descriptive words and events that readers associate with fear.
Connotation - the emotional feeling associated with a word. Connotations can be positive, neutral, or negative.
When describing someone who is not tall, a word like “short” has a neutral connotation. It does not sound positive or negative. A word like “petite” carries a more positive connotation. A word like “shrimp” carries a negative connotation.
Central Idea
Point of View/
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