Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

HUMAN RIGHTS

No description
by

Michu Quintana

on 14 November 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of HUMAN RIGHTS

HUMANISM
HUMAN RIGHTS
Concepts - THEORIES - INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS - EXAMPLES - CONCLUSIONS
MAIN CONCEPTS
* AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
HUMAN RIGHTS
ELEMENTS
HUMANISM
MAIN ORGANIZATIONS
MAIN INTERNATIONAL TREATIES
the three generations of human rights
THE THREE GENERATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS
HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANIZATIONS
* UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS
* ECUADORIAN GOVERNMENT
Human rights are
basic rights
and
freedoms
that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, race, religion, language, or other status.

Human rights include
civil and political rights
, such as the right to life, liberty and freedom of expression; and social, cultural and economic rights including the right to participate in culture, the right to food, and the right to work and receive an education.
Human rights are rights
inherent

to all human
beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all
interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.

Los Derechos Humanos, son todo el conjunto de principios y derechos civiles y políticos,
económicos, sociales y culturales, y colectivos
y/o difusos
que buscan configurar una existencia digna para todas las personas y su ejercicio o reconocimiento no dependen de las particularidades de cada una de ellas como por ejemplo su etnia, religión, nacionalidad, identidad sexual, cultura, discapacidad o cualquier otra característica o condición humana, pues su
principio
más importante es la
Universalidad
.
MAIN THEORIES
Human rights violations
UDHR

ARTICLE 3 - THE RIGHT TO LIVE FREE
"Everyone has the right to live, liberty and security of person"
afghanistan
2007
armed conflict
6.500 victims
BRAZIL
2007
1.260 victims
"acts of resistance"
UgandA
Internally displaced person camps
1.500 victims each week
500.000 have died in these camps (WHO)
VIETNAM
75.000 drug addicts and prostitutes are forced to go to overpopulated "rehab" camps
Article 5 - no torture
“No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”
ARTICLE 19 — FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.”
"
GUANTÁNAMO BAY DETENTION CAMP
2008, US authorities continued to hold 270 prisoners in Guantánamo Bay, without charge or trial, subjecting them to “water-boarding,” torture that simulates drowning.
DARFUR
Violence, atrocities and abduction.
Women in particular are the victims of unrestrained assault, with more than 200 rapes in the vicinity of a displaced persons camp in one five-week period.
No effort by authorities to punish the perpetrators.
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Acts of torture and ill treatment are committed by government security services and armed groups, including sustained beatings, stabbings and rapes of those in custody.
Detainees are held incommunicado, sometimes in secret detention sites.
SUDAN
Human rights defenders were arrested and tortured by national intelligence and security forces.
Democratic republic of congo
The government attacks and threatens human rights defenders and restricts freedom of expression and association




















Civil and political Rights
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
* Related as the base theory for human rights
* Treat others how you wish to be treated yourself
Communal and Group Rights
limits of human rights
Protection of Negative freedom
Protection of Positive freedom
Courts & governments
CONCEPT

Basic rights and freedoms
Civil and Political rights
interrelated, interdependent and indivisible
Inherent to all human - Principle of Universality

Freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; freedom of peaceful assembly and association; the right of all to take part in the government of their country; equal access to public services; and, periodic and genuine elections.
The right to social security; the right to work and to protection against unemployment; the right to rest and leisure; the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of self and family; the right to education; and the right to the protection of one's scientific, literary, and artistic production.
Civil and Political Rights
Economic, social and Cultural rights
The right to political, economic, social, and cultural self-determination; the right to economic and social development; the right to participate in and benefit from the common heritage of humanity; the right to peace; the right to a healthy and sustainable environment; and, the right to humanitarian disaster relief.
Communal and Group rights
HUMAN RIGHTS
contradictions

WOMEN & CHILDREN
IRAQ
Thirty-seven Iraqi employees of media networks were killed in 2008.
A total of 235 since the invasion of March 2003, making Iraq the world’s most dangerous place for journalists.
Nongovernmental Organizations

Intergovernmental and Governmental Organizations
Amnesty International

Children’s Defense Fund (CDF)

Human Rights Action Center

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Without Frontiers: (HRWF)

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Simon Wiesenthal Center
Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

They investigate and expose human rights violations, hold abusers accountable, and challenge governments and those who hold power to end abusive practices and respect international human rights law

They do not accept government funds, directly or indirectly, or support from any private funder that could compromise the objectivity and independence.

They do not embrace political causes, are non-partisan, and maintain neutrality in armed conflict.
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights

Human Rights Council

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

US State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE):
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights’ mission is to work for the protection of human rights for all people; to help empower people to realize their rights; and to assist those responsible for upholding such rights in ensuring that they are implemented.
treaties

Women should not be dismissed from their work because they are pregnant.
Paid maternity leave should be legislated.
Appropriate social services should be supported by the State, for women.
Violence against women breaches the following provisions of the CEDAW:
• Right to liberty and security of the person;
• Right to equal protection under the law;
• Right to equality in the family.

Convention on Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
Under CEDAW, a State shall ensure the rights of women to:

• Same employment opportunities as men,
• Free choice of profession and employment;
• Equal pay for equal work.
• Freely chose a spouse and marry only with their free and full consent
When is a child no longer a child? This matters acutely when a child is engaged against his or her will to marry; when a government wants to recruit children into the armed forces; and in how a child is treated in a criminal justice system. The age of majority is now 18, with a clause that allows for exceptions.

Education
Child soldiers
Children in captivity
Relief for children
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Optional Protocol to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
UN Convention on the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces (I)
Convention against Genocide
Convention against Torture
Charter of the United Nations

The UDHR is the first international statement to use the term "human rights".

It has been adopted by the Human Rights movement as a charter.

It is short, and worth reading in its entirety - a summary would be about as long as the document itself.
This convention prohibitions torture under all circumstances and establishes the UN Committee against Torture.

The CAT defines torture, requires states to take effective legal and other measures to prevent torture, declares that no state of emergency, other external threats, nor orders from a superior officer or authority may be invoked to justify torture.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
Convention against Torture
Convention on Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Convention on the Rights of the Child
Nongovernmental Organizations

Amnesty International
Human Rights Watch

Intergovernmental and Governmental Organizations

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Human Rights Council

aCTIVITY
1. When sovereignty is over human rights
2. How do you measure human rights? Which is more important?
3. Human rights vs culture

ConcluSions

Values
Beliefs
activities & ceremonies
Development
Influences
Is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights for all.

More than 2.2 million members

Subscribers in more than 150 countries

They conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated
* Related as the base theory for human rights
* Treat others how you wish to be treated yourself
Full transcript