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The Dakota Sioux

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Allison Warmka

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of The Dakota Sioux

The Dakota Sioux
The History
The Sioux tribe moved to Dakota
1) The government of the Dakota tribes is democratic and that they hold the government in their own hands

2) The descions of the government is made primarily by the will of the majority of the people in the tribe

3) The government of the Sioux tribe also assigns an officer to carry out descions that the tribe makes from each area

4) There also needs to have a sufficient number of officers to carry out a resistance

5) This would mostly involve slashing a tent of the transgressor of the tribe
The Culture
The Language
http://www.native-languages.org/dakota.htm
The Government
Clothing
Breechcloth and Leggings
Man's Shirt
Moccasins
Headdresses
Women Dress
Women Leggings/boots
Headbands
Accessories
Clothing
Religion
Gender Roles
Religion
Wakan Tanka (the sacred or the divine): the sum total of the personified powers that brought all things into being (sacred entities)
They worship nature
Mother nature, Wind, sun, moon, snow, rain (rain dance), animals (buffalo), etc.
Symbols
Circle (no end) - indicative of life = sacred
Earth, Human, Trees, Time (day/night, moon), Bird's nest
The Sacred Calf Pipe = embodiment of all creation
Sacred numbers: four and seven
4 divisions of time: day, night, the moon, and the year
4 parts to all growing things: the roots, stem, leaves, and fruit
4 stages of human life: babyhood, childhood, adulthood, and old age.
Ceremonies span 4 days/4 day sections.
Purification Lodge was constructed, ideally, from 16 (4x4) willow branches so arranged as to mark out the 4 directions.
The Sun Dance Lodge was built from 28 poles (4x7) with a central pole symbolizing Wakan Tanka
The White Buffalo Woman brought to the people seven sacred rites and she stayed with them for 4 days.
The Sioux were also formerly known as the 'Seven Fire Places.'
Gender Roles
Women
Dakota women were in charge of:
The home (built house - dragged posts whenever tribe moved). The houses belonged to the women
Cooking and cleaning
Taking care of children
Men
Men were:
Hunters and warriors
Responsible for feeding/defending their families.
(Usually) Only men became Dakota chiefs


* Both genders took part in storytelling, artwork and music, and medicine.
Works Cited
"Dakota-Lakota Sioux Language." Dakota-Lakota Language and the Sioux Indian Tribes (Lakhota, Dakhota, Yankton, Yanktonai). N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2013. <http://www.native-languages.org/dakota.htm>.
Pond, Samuel W. Dakota Life in the Upper Midwest. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 2002. Print.
Redish, Laura, and Orrin Lewis. "Dakota Indian Fact Sheet." Facts for Kids: Dakota Indians (Dakotas, Dakota Sioux). Native Languages of the Americas, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2013. <http://www.bigorrin.org/dakota_kids.htm>
"Sioux Indians." Learn about the history of the. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2013. <http://indians.org/articles/sioux-indians.html>.
"South Dakota Native American Cultures." Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2013. <http://siouxme.com/nativeamerican.html>.
Fighting over land between the Sioux and the whites started to become more intense
Gold is discovered in the Black Hills
Sioux Indians took part in the Battle of Little Bighorn/Custard’s Last Stand
(December 29) Battle at Wounded Knee- “The last of the Sioux”
Citizenship Act of 1924 makes all Indians born within territorial limits of the US full citizens
1750
1860s
1874
1876
1890
1924
6) In a tribe there is a chief solider and a chief who are the permeate officers

7) The chiefs are the ones who are responsible for signing treaties and are only signed if the people agree with it
"Ignorance or a disregard of the democratic character of the Indian government has been the source of much evil to them and to other; and they have often been accused of violating treaties which they felt under no obligation to observe”

8) The role of the chief is considered to be hereditary and it sometimes led to blood shed who was going to take the position
Native American Vocab Words
hogan (fish)
wanji (One)
nunpa (Two)
sapa (Gray)
to (Blue)
tannila (Old)
teca (New)
sa (Red)
qicahpi (Star)
Iyecinkinyanka (Car)
hau (Say)
poge (Nose)
cuwi (Back)
pa (Head)
wica (Man)
winyan (Woman)
anpetu wi (Sun)
hanhepi wi (Moon)
miní (water)
héčhiya (there)
yukȟáŋ(To exist {is})
waŋ(A)
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