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Greece: Greek Family Values

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Adrienne Ruth

on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Greece: Greek Family Values

Greece: Greek Family Values and Gender Roles
Family Life
Greeks do not think of their family just as mother, father and children. Families include grandmothers, grandfathers, aunts, uncles and cousins.
Young children learn their values from the family, because family is like a "school for the young"
Emphasis on family and social gatherings, especially weddings
Religion is interwoven into daily Greek living, with their own religion Greek Orthodox
The honor of the family name, the actions of the family members are seen as reflecting on the rest of the family
Gender Roles
The Greek Orthodox Church advocates the traditional patriarchal family, which is specified in the marriage ceremony
In the marriage ceremony, the wife accepts the husband as head of the family
Thus, Greece has long been a place of traditional gender roles, meaning that men and women have distinct roles both within the home and without
Men are expected to work outside the home for money, or if they have a family business, this work is considered the most important
Women are largely expected to stay at home, care for the family, and work in jobs that are considered more marginal and less important than men's jobs by family members
Gender Divide
Certain policies have caused the gender divide, thus causing the women to become the sole caretaker of children and elderly family members, while relying on men for support
one day paternity leave for fathers after the birth of a child, while there is a forced 17 week maternity leave for all mothers
overall lack of policies related to family issues means that women have not had the chance to be equal to men
Familism, the idea in Greece that the lack of action of family policies helps to support the implied idea that the family is the main provider of welfare and support, isolates women by forcing them to rely almost completely on their families for support
A structural element of Greek political culture refers to women’s low visibility in politics and their under-representation in all political elites, which accompanies the “equality of rights between the sexes” stipulated, for the first time in the 1975 Constitution.
women’s social inferiority and political marginalisation are still evident: Greek society exhibits one of the lowest levels of women in positions of power and in socio-economic decision making in the EU, while today there are only three women in government and thirty nine in a parliament of three hundred.
This meagre percentage of women in parliament constitutes nevertheless a big improvement. It is also undeniable that the social conditions have greatly improved for women after two and a half decades of state feminism, which however had important repercussions on how young women perceive gender inequality.
Greek Culture
Greece is a country of great interests and diverse cultures, influenced by its location, at the junction between the East and the West and by the many occupations of the Greek people throughout history
Overall, Greeks are particularly proud of their culture and speak of their country with an intense passion, feeling that their Greek culture is a definition of their national and ethnic belonging
Family is very important to Greeks, and is a distinguishing feature of Greek culture

Legal and Institutional mechanisms on women's issues
When Greece joined the EU, it needed to comply with EC directives that promoted equal treatment of men and women
The directives focused on equal pay for work of equal value, equal access to employment, vocational training, promotion and working conditions, gradual implementation of equal treatment for men and women in matters of social security and in occupational society security schemes
Women in Greece Today
Women have taken up a new role regarding employment, occupying professional positions of the lower rank
However, still a divide in salary
the participation of women in society is necessary in every aspect, political, economical, where women can share their views and help shape their everyday living. Today Greek women ask from the politicians (Parliament) to make specific suggestions regarding issues like decentralization, training, as well as employment.
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