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Noli Me angere controversy
Transcript of Noli Me angere controversy
NOLI ME TANGERE CONTROVERSY Prepared by:
Hulguin, Regine V.
Pablo, Charmaine N.
BA 3Y2 - 1 Rizal denied the allegations that he came as a spy from Germany and explained the matter to his novel is only an expression of the truth that is happening in the society. Rizal received a letter from Gov. Gen. Emilio Terrero.
Rizal came to Manila in response to the letter. Friars and Rizal’s enemies were fearless and continue to persecute(punish) Rizal for writing a book that contains “subversive” ideas against the church and the Spanish Government. subversive – a systematic attempt to overthrow or undermine a government or political system by persons working secretly from within DON. Jose Taviel de Andrade The assigned bodyguard to Jose Rizal, a young Spanish Lieutenant. Noli Got Banned Friars were powerful and the Noli was brought to scrutiny (inspection) by the Archbishop of Manila, Msgr. Pedro Payo who later sent it to Fr. Rector Gregorio Echavarria of the UST for examination. The report was finally handed over to the Gov. Gen. Emilio Terrero. It stated that the novel was HERETICAL, IMPIOUS, and SCANDALOUS. The governor was clever enough to know how bias the Dominican friars can be, so he sent it to the Permanent Commission of Censorship which was consist of Priest and Laymen. The report of the Commission was drafted by its head, Agustinian Cura of Tondo, Fr. Salvador Font. Based on their assessment was, the novel contained subversive ideas against the church and Spain and recommend for its banning and its circulation in the Islands.
The move for banning becomes ineffective hence it only creates a boomerang effect on them. Enemies From The Church ANTI Archbishop of Manila, Msgr. Pedro Payo – who ordered the investigation and recommendation to Noli The novel was studied at the University of the Sto. Tomas upon the order of the Rector of UST, Fr. Domingo Echevarria.
The result was of the UST study certified that the Noli Me Tangere was indeed an anti-Church and anti-Spain, and was recommended for banning. Salvador Font – who headed the Permanent Commission of Censorship, filed the report to the government that the Noli is an injurious to the interest of the colonial government and the Catholic clergy and must be immediately banned. Fr. Jose Rodriguez who published the pamphlet entitled “Caiingat Cayo”, as a reaction to Noli, wherein it stated that whoever reads the Noli novel will commit a mortal sin. Vicente Barrantes a Spanish writer, who openly criticized the novel in the Spanish newspaper La España Moderna. Wenceslao Retana who wrote articles defending Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. Camilo de Polavieja Governor-General of the Philippines (1896-1897). He oversaw the trial and execution of Jose Rizal. Eulogio Despujol Governor-General of the Philippines (1891-1893) He ordered the exile of Rizal to Dapitan. PRO Marcelo H. Del Pilar – using his penname Dolores Manapat, he published a pamphlet entitled “Ciigat Cayo” as an answer to Fr. Rodriguez’s “Caiingat Cayo”. Rizal Allies Fr. Francisco Paula De Sanchez – who is a staunch defender of the Noli Marcelo H. Del Pilar – using his penname Dolores Manapat, he published a pamphlet entitled “Ciigat Cayo” as an answer to Fr. Rodriguez’s “Caiingat Cayo”. Olimpia Dies While chaos was surrounding his novel, Rizal felt devastated by the untimely death of his sister, Olimpia. She died due to a lingering illness. The Agrarian Problem The Dominicans have continually increased the rentals paid by the tenants even though no agrarian support was ever obtained from them that may justify this move. Rizal shared such problems with the friar estates to Gov. Terrero during his conversation with him in Malacañang. Given that it was also the problem encountered by the farmers in Noli Me Tangere, the government became obligated to respond and determined whether these allegations involving land taxes and tenant relations conflicts were truly being commited. Though an investigation was conducted, it disappointed Rizal to see that nothing really turned out from it. He realized that this only worsened the problem. The hacienda managers would soon eventually retaliate. His life was now in jeopardy that his friends and family feared for his safety. Rizal had no other choice but to leave the country again and continue his fight abroad. At first, he hesitated to leave, but when he realized that the life of his family may also be in jeopardy, he thought otherwise. Thus, for the second time, he was about to leave his country again. Rizal visited Lipa before he left manila. On the occasion of its conversion to a city, he was invited to become a guest speaker. As a guest, Rizal offered to the city his tribute to its farmers, the poem “Hymn to Labor”. THE END
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