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Bill of Rights
Transcript of Bill of Rights
4-4 The Civil Rights Struggle
Are there any times when free speech should be illegal?
The First Amendment
** The First Amendment guarantees basic freedoms essential to American Democracy.
- the freedoms we have to think and act without government interference
- "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion. . . ."
Free Exercise Clause
- "or prohibiting the free exercise thereof."
Freedom of Religion
Freedom of Speech
We can speak our minds, in private or public, without fear of punishment.
- Art, music, clothing, internet, even actions!
Freedom of Press
Allows Americans to express themselves through books, newspapers, radio, TV, internet, etc.
*Limit - can't use press to ruin someone's reputation.
Freedom of Assembly
Right to gather, peaceably, for rallies, parades, or public celebrations.
Freedom to Petition
Right to express our ideas to the government.
Fish Bowl Discussion
2nd Amendment text
"...the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
Full text of 2nd Amendment
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
So who has the right "to keep and bear arms?"
Each U.S. citizen?
Those serving in well-regulated militia?
District of Columbia v. Heller
The Second Amendment should be repealed.
The Constitution was meant to be changed, and was many times.
* It does not apply the same way today.
More guns = more deaths.
We have police, home security, and many other ways to protect ourselves and our families without guns.
The Constitution should be left to speak for itself.
The Framers wrote the Constitution in a way that allowed it to change with the times on purpose.
Everyone would be safer if more people carried guns.
(It would deter people from being violent when they assume they are the only one armed.)
The right to self-defense is a basic right and freedom as a U.S. citizen.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
- Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in the public schools was unconstitutional.
(Violated 14th Amendment's
"equal protection under the law")
Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
- Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, AL, bus.
* Her arrest sparked a 381-day
* Supreme Court ruled that public bus
segregation was unconstitutional.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Baptist minister practicing nonviolent
resistance to segregation.
- Organized marches, boycotts,
sit-ins, and gave "I Have a
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Struggle for Rights
This law prohibited discrimination in public facilities, education, employment, etc.
- Encourages the hiring and promoting of minorities and women in fields that were traditionally closed to them.
1. SCAN pages 120-125.
2. PREDICT 3 things you will learn in these pages.
3. WRITE 3 questions you have about the material on these pages.
4. READ pages 120-125.
5. EXCHANGE questions and answer someone else's questions about the material.
What did you like about Rep. Barbin visiting our classroom? Do you think it's important for local leaders to visit schools? Why or why not?
What rights might citizens want other than to express themselves through speech, religion, assembly, petition?
What might give a police officer probable cause to pull over a driver and search the driver's car?
On your white board:
What do you know about the Civil Rights Movement?
(List as many things as possible: people, places, dates, events, music, etc.)
Complete this now:
Summarize each of the 3 Civil War Amendments in your notebook. (13, 14, and 15)
Why would the struggle for civil rights be included in a chapter that explains the Bill of Rights?
What does it mean to live in a "free country?"
On your whiteboard, draw a picture representing a way in which the First Amendment protects your rights.
In your notebook: (pages 121-125)
1.) What is the difference between libel and slander?
2.) Which First Amendment right do you think is most important? (RAPPS) Explain your view.
3.) List two limits to our First Amendment freedoms.
4.) Why do you think the right to petition is considered an important basic freedom? (pg. 123)
Why did the Framers think the right to bear arms was an important right to protect?
Read pages 136-137.
(1) Summarize the 17th Amendment in 1 sentence.
(2) Who were Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton?
(3) How might women's participation in World War I have contributed to the extension of suffrage?
(4) Who benefitted most from the 23rd Amendment?
(5) Explain how each of these amendments extended voting rights: 17, 19, 23, 24, 26.
Read page 133.
The 15th Amendment (1870) allows people of all races and colors to vote. Why were African Americans still not voting much in the 1960s, nearly 100 years later?
1.) Analyze the political cartoon about Punishment.
2.) Apply concepts to the real life debate on the death penalty (capital punishment)
On your whiteboard:
Make a timeline that shows each step in the evolution of voting rights over the past 200 years.
*Chart on page 135 may help!
Monday, January 4
Write a summary of how you will complete your Amendment Project:
- Which Amendment(s) will you research?
- Which project will you do? (song, poster, Prezi, paper)
- Will you work with someone else? (if so, who?)
- Why did you choose this amendment for your project?
- What do you know about this amendment now?