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Intellectual Disabilities

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by

Samantha McClain

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Intellectual Disabilities

Intellectual Disabilities
Characteristics
Definition
Intellectual Disability means significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior andmanifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child's
educational performance.
Resources
1.http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/pdf/parents_pdfs/IntellectualDisability.pdf (ID FACT Sheet put out by the CDC)
2.http://www.thearc.org/ (Website for people with ID)
3.http://www.kofc.org/un/en/service/council/publicity/disabilities.html (Campaign for ID people)
4.http://www.employmentforall.eu/LABOr/PeoplewithintellectualDisabilities/tabid/4066/Default.aspx (Employment Resources for ID)

Assistive Technology
Technology can compensate for a person's functional limitations
Devices to control the environment allows a person to control electrical appliances, audio/video equipment or to do something as basic as lock and unlock doors. Mobility: Simple manual to sophisticated computer-controlled wheelchairs and mobility aids such as walkers and canes are available for a person who cannot walk.
The computer can be a tool for improved literacy, language development, mathematical, organizational, and social skill development. Alternative ways to access computers are available for people who cannot operate a keyboard. A variety of software is available to help computer-users who have visual impairments and facilitate improved spelling and literacy skills for individual users with print disabilities.
Adaptations can be made to computer games which allow the game activity to be slowed down for a user who cannot react as quickly to game moves and decision-making. Specially adapted sports equipment is available to compensate for functional limitations, such as specially designed ball ramps that are used in bowling.
Accomodations
1. Intellectual functioning significantly below average. In general, an IQ of 70 or lower is required. For persons unable to take a test, clinical judgment is used.
2. Impairments or deficits for age group. There must be impairments in at least two of the following areas:
•Communication
•Health
•Leisure time
•Safety
•School
•Self-care
•Social
•Taking care of a home
•Work
Full transcript