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Vaccines

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Jeremy Edis

on 30 March 2015

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Transcript of Vaccines

Why is Vaccinating Your Children Important?
Vaccinations help protect your children from different harmful and potentially lethal viruses, diseases and illnesses by pre-exposing them to the illness so that their immune system can make antibodies and are able to fight the live illness of if they come in contact with it.
What?
Audience:
Parents

Goal:
Help them to understand the
importance of vaccines.
References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011).
Ingredients of vaccines - fact sheet.
Retrieved March 17, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/additives.htm

Figure 1. CDC. (2015).
Map image of children who did not recieve a dose of the measles vaccination.
Retrieved March 22, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/immunization/infographic/measles.htm

Figure 2. CDC. (2015).

Statistics regarding measles vaccination for children.
Retrieved March 22, 2015, from

http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/immunization/infographic/measles.htm

Figure 3. The Voice of One. (2015).
Thumbs up.
Retrived March 23, 2015, from http://thevoiceofone.org/2015/02/04/thumbs-up/

Figure 4. Good Piz Galleries. (n.d.).

Cartoon image of needle, vaccine, and virus.
Retrived March 23, 2015, from http://pixgood.com/vaccination-clip-art.html

Figure 5. Laurenhan. (2013).
The health belief model.
Retrieved March 22, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Health_Belief_Model.pdf

Jagelavičienė, A., & Usonis, V. (2014). Relationship between vaccination and atopy.
Acta Medica Lituanica, 21
(3), 116-122. Retrieved from http://library.lethbridgecollege.ab.ca:20 51/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=100483112&site=ehost-live&scope=site

James, O. (2015).
Here’s a new one: Vaccines are impure.
Retrieved March 10, 2015, from https://taikonenfea.wordpress.com/2015/02/06/heres-a-new-one-vaccines-are-impure/

Kelly Wallace. (2015) .
Open letter to parents: Why you should vaccinate your children.
Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2015/02/04/living/feat-measles-parents-vaccinate-children/

Loving, S. (2014). Vaccine ingredients.
Oxford Vaccine Group.
Retrieved March 19, 2015, from http://www.ovg.ox.ac.uk/vaccine-ingredients

Ruf, B., & Knuf, M. (2014). The burden of seasonal and pandemic influenza in infants and children.
European Journal Of Pediatrics, 173
(3), 265-276. doi:10.1007/s00431-013-2023-6

Ulrich, T. (2015). Behind the measles outbreak. Harvard Gazette. Retrieved March 20, 2015 from http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2015/03/behind-the-measles-outbreak/


Why should we care about vaccinating children?
Why Are Children at Risk?
• Children have a higher risk of catching these diseases than adults or even teenagers because of their underdeveloped or weaker immune systems, and their close proximity to other children or their families.

• Children do not always think of preventative measures to stop the spread of these illnesses and thus it tends to spread quickly and effectively through schools, daycares, etc.

• Each season, on average, 9.8% of children 0-14 years show signs and symptoms of influenza – the flu – and incident rates are noticeably higher in children under 5 years old. Most times it also has a greater effect on children younger than 5 years and can lead to hospitalization or further complications.

• This is especially true if they already have a compromised immune system because of any allergies or previous health concerns or illnesses.
Why Vaccinate?
• Some vaccinations help provide lifelong immunity to specific string of viruses, and diseases and can therefore lower the amount of antibiotics your child may have to consume in their lifetime.

• Getting your children vaccinated can help protect not only your own child, but the children they play with as well as the rest of the community.

• Vaccinating is a preventative measure; vaccinating your children can help stop the spread of illnesses in your children before it occurs.
Part 1: Health Promotion Message
Vaccinations
What are they?
A part/whole bacteria, virus or toxin
Helps your body learn how to fight them.

Live-attenuated
- weakened virus
Inactivated
- killed virus
Toxoid
- weakened toxins
Subunit
- part of bacteria or virus
Conjugate
- weak bacteria similar to
harmful one
Types:
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013)
What's in them?
Aluminum


Antibiotics
Egg Protein
Formaldehyde
MSG
Thimerosal
helps to boost immune response
prevent growth of other bacterias
mercury preservative - added to vaccine vials to prevent contamination from multiple doses
help vaccine to remain the same after exposure to heat, light, acidity, humidity
kills bacteria and viruses, then removed from vaccines
growth medium for viruses
No Worries!
The CDC estimates we consume

in water, food, and medications.
100x the aluminum
The FDA estimates that individuals consume
from milk, seafood, and other foods.
much every day
more mercury
We are also exposed to much more
through car exhaust, felt-tip markers, cosmetics,
mouthwash, paint, cough drops, and other
various household products - CDC.
formaldehyde
Implications for Future
Nursing Practice
If vaccine use 's
If vaccine use 's
If vaccine use 's
If vaccine use 's
Diseases rates

Hospital patients

Nurse workload

Healthcare expenses
Measles, mumps, rubella.
Workload, supplies.
Nurse burnout.
Expense cuts.
Disease rates

Hospital Patients

Nurse workload

Healthcare expenses
Illness

Demand on staff

Nurse burnout

Expense cuts
Jimmy Kimmel
How Does This Effect Health?
Parents, are you vaccinated?
recent measles outbreak
not everyone has the opportunity
protecting the future
the benefits greatly outweigh the risks
Figure 5. The Health Belief Model
At what cost will you decide to
NOT
vaccinate your children?
Health Promotion Strategy
Vaccinations have advanced our health care system for the better.
Parent education about vaccines will ensure our future will be safe.
Spreading your knowledge of vaccines to other parents will help maintain and preserve the health of the future.
STRENGTHEN COMMUNITY ACTION
1. Identifying the opinions on vaccinating children within your community
2. Gather data based on community opinion
WHY?
3. Utilize this data to change or strenghten the way the community feels about child vaccination.
4. The community can work together to promote health!
Support from our family, friends, and community keep us motivated to maintain healthy living
Although
, strong community action is also seen amongst the anti-vaccine movement
A more educated community will have a larger impact on changing the way some parents view vaccinations
PART 2: SCHOLARLY TOPIC PRESENTATION
Figure 1. Map image of children who did not recieve a dose of the measles vaccination
Figure 2. Statistics regarding measles vaccination for children
VACCINATE YOUR CHILDREN :)!
Health Promotion: Vaccination
Figure 3. Thumbs up
Figure 4. Cartoon image of needle, vaccine, and virus
References
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2014). Thimerosal in vaccines. Retrieved March 17, 2015, from http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/VaccineSafety /UCM096228

USA Today. (2015, January 29). Disney trip cancelled over measeles outbreak [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=RRr5cBz40c4

Verweij, M., & Dawson, A. (2011). Children's health, public health. Public Health Ethics, 4(2), 107-108. Retrieved from http://library.lethbridgecollege.ab.ca:2051/login.aspx?direct=tr ue&db=a9h&AN=62669198&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Disney Trip Cancelled
As vaccinations are the topic of the news lately, whether or not to vaccinate children is a huge debate. Why should we care about vaccinating children though? The biggest thing is that you are protecting your child. Here are a few other reasons:

Evidence in the NEWS
By: Jeremy Edis, Emma Hadath, Persephanie Mullin, Bailey Longney
-You are keeping your child safe from a potentially harmful illness/disease.
-You are preventing the spread of
illnesses/diseases to other children
and families.
-The symptoms of the disease/
illness are much worse than the
side effects of the vaccine,
so you are protecting your child
from harm.
Full transcript