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Making Foreign Policy

How We Maintain National Security and Our Tools of Foreign Policy
by

Christian Wrabley

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Making Foreign Policy

Budapest
San
Francisco

7-3 Making Foreign Policy
As Commander-in-Chief and Chief Diplomat, the President plays a major role in shaping United States foreign policy.
Foreign policy
A nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations
Primary Goal:

National Security
Ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm

** Cannot meet other goals until this is in check!
Goal 2
International Trade
Creates markets for American products and jobs for American workers
Goal 3
Promote World Peace
War anywhere puts international trade and national security at risk!
Goal 4
Promote Democracy Around World
Human rights and peace benefit everyone!!
The President and Congress compete over who actually controls foreign policy.
Tools of Foreign Policy
1.) Treaties and Executive Agreements
Treaty

- agreement between 2+ foreign governments

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO)
Mutual defense treaty between US, Canada, and nations of Europe
2.) Appointing Ambassadors
Ambassador
- official representative of a country's government

President appoints ~150 ambassadors to rep USA
3.) Foreign Aid
Money, food, supplies, military assistance to help other countries

Marshall Plan
- program to help restore Western Europe after World War II
4.) International Trade
Trade sanctions
- punish another nation by imposing trade barriers

Embargo
- several countries agree to stop trading with a
target

nation
5.) Military Force
Commander in Chief
can use military to carry out foreign policy

** President Bush sent troops to capture Saddam Hussein in Iraq in 2003
3
With a national debt of $16 trillion, we should cut our foreign aid in order to balance our budget.
2
How ethical are your clothes? (Consider where they are made, what type of labor, etc.)
1
When should military force become a foreign policy option?
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http://openchannel.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/02/04/16843014-exclusive-justice-department-memo-reveals-legal-case-for-drone-strikes-on-americans?lite
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Do you support or oppose the U.s. current policy regarding the use of drone strikes?
President Obama said, "Politicians in both parties suggest that we can somehow close our entire deficit by eliminating things like foreign aid, even though foreign aid makes up about 1% of our entire budget."
http://www.glencoe.com/video_library/index_with_mods.php?PROGRAM=9780078746314&VIDEO=3752&CHAPTER=7
http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/2011/apr/13/barack-obama/barack-obama-says-foreign-aid-makes-1-percent-us-b/
White House spokesman Jay Carney defended current U.S. drone policy, saying they are used to mitigate threats, stop plots, prevent future attacks and save American lives.

"These strikes are legal, they are ethical and they are wise," he said.
Full transcript