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Copy of Colonization
Transcript of Copy of Colonization
Click here to discover what A
proprietry colony is
Click here to discover what a royal colony is:
Click here to discover what a charter colony is
Click here to discover more about the thirteen colonies
Check out some colonial music
New England Colonies
The New England colonies
The Middle Colonies
The southern Colonies
The Voyages and first contacts
EQs: Who are we? Where did we come from? How did we get here?
Check out your John Green here
This is the idea that a country’s power comes from its wealth. The world has limited resources, so a mother country (like England) needs as much as possible. They need more exports than imports. The only way to get this wealth is through having colonies.
An export is a finished good leaving the mother country.
An import is a raw material entering the country.
The mother country can then take the raw materials for (essentially) free from the colony, turn it into a finished product, and then send it back to sell to the colony.
British French Rivalry
Mid 18th century wars
Wars for Independence
Spanish colonial system
A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia 1590
Check out this virtuJal Jamestown!
The Lost Colony of Roanoake
in the news
Father Andrew White (1579-1656)
Father Andrew White was a Roman Catholic priest and member of the Society of Jesus. Priests from the Society of Jesus are also called Jesuits. The Jesuits are Catholic priests who devote their lives to learning and science. They also help people as ministers and as priests. Many Jesuits travel to other countries on special missions for the Catholic Church.
Father White was born in England and went to school at colleges in England, Spain and France. After he became a Jesuit priest, he taught students at two universities in France. But Father White liked adventures, and wanted to see the world.
Catholic priests were not allowed to live or work in England at that time. Father White secretly came to England many times to visit his Catholic friends. Finally, he got a job working for Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. Cecil Calvert needed Father White's help to find Catholic families to settle in his new colony, Maryland. Father White wanted the Jesuits to establish a Catholic mission in the Maryland colony. He thought that the Jesuits could convert the Native Americans to the Catholic faith.
In November 1633, he and his fellow priests and nine servants prepared for a long voyage. They met the ship Ark at the Isle of Wight, just before it sailed for the New World. Father White kept a journal of this voyage called, Voyage into Maryland, to Cecil Calvert in England and to the Society of Jesus. It is a very important book about Maryland's early history.
This journal describes what life was like for the colonists on their voyage and during the first months of their settlement. It was a difficult journey that took four months. In the middle of their voyage, the passengers and crew were afraid because of a terrible storm. They thought their ship might capsize.
Father White wrote in his journal that he was afriad. He prayed to God for help. Fortunately, the storm's winds blew the Ark towards the south and the British colony on Barbados, which is in the Caribbean Sea. The settlers rested at the English colony on Barbados. They repaired the Ark, and once again set sail for the coast of North America.
First, they landed in Virginia. They picked up more supplies and experienced guides, like Captain Henry Fleet. Finally, on March 25, 1664, all the passengers aboard the Ark landed on shore near the mouth of the St. Mary's River.
Father White celebrated the first Catholic mass in Maryland to thank God for their safe landing. They made a treaty with the Yaocomico Indians for land at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. There they stayed, and built a new town called St. Mary's City.
Father White worked very hard to learn the Native American languages of the Piscataway Indian people from Southern Maryland. He wrote down a dictionary of Indian words. He translated Catholic prayers into the Indian language. In 1639 Father White met the Tayac, or head chieftain, of the Piscataway Indians. The tayac's name was Kittamaquund.
Kittamaquund said he believed in the Catholic religion. Father White baptised Kittamaquund and his family. Father White also wanted to trade with the Indians for food and valuable beaver furs. He provided a boat in 1641 for Mathias de Souza, to use when he traded with the Indians.
Father White's mission to Maryland ended in 1645 when Richard Ingle and his fellow Protestants raided St. Mary's. Ingle's men captured the Catholic priests and leaders of the Maryland colony. Ingle brought Father White and other Catholic leaders back to England.
The English government kept Father White in jail until January 1648. Finally Father White went on trial before the English Court. The Court decided Father White had not done anything wrong, so they set him free. Fahter White went back to Europe to help the Society of Jesus. He died in England in December 1656.
, Andrew, S.J. Voyage to Maryland [In Latin: Relatio Itineris in Marilandiam]. Translated by Barbara Lawatsch-Boomgaarden with Josef Ijsewijn. Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 1995
LINKED DOCUMENTS OR IMAGES:
"A Brief Relation of the Voyage unto Maryland" by Father Andrew White, 1634, in Narratives of Early Maryland 1633-1684, edited by Clayton C. Hall, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910. In Maryland State Archives. DOCUMENTS FOR THE CLASSROOM SERIES. Colonial Encounters in the Chesapeake: The Natural World of Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans, 1560 -1800. Designed and developed by Edward C. Papenfuse and Dr. M. Mercer Neale, prepared with the assistance of R. J. Rockefeller, Lynne MacAdam and other members of the Archives staff. 1993. MSA SC 2221-17-5. Publication no. 4198.
MSA SC 2221-17-8. ca. 1640. Piscataway Manuscript of Father Andrew White. SPECIAL COLLECTIONS (Georgetown University Archives Collection), MSA SC 1242. DOCUMENTS FOR THE CLASSROOM SERIES. Colonial Encounters in the Chesapeake: The Natural World of Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans, 1560 -1800. Designed and developed by Edward C. Papenfuse and Dr. M. Mercer Neale, prepared with the assistance of R. J. Rockefeller, Lynne MacAdam and other members of the Archives staff. 1993. MSA SC 2221-17-8. Publication no. 4198.
Hughes, Thomas. History of the Society of Jesus in North America: Colonial and Federal Documents, 1605-1838, Vol. 1, Part 1, Nos. 1-140. London and New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1908.
White, Andrew, S.J. "A Brief Relation of the Voyage Unto Maryland." In Clayton Colman Hall, ed. Narratives of Early Maryland, 1633-1684, pp. 29-45. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1910.
What did the colonists go through?
This system seemed to benefit the servant as well. Each INDENTURED SERVANT would have their fare across the Atlantic paid in full by their master. A contract was written that stipulated the length of service — typically five years. The servant would be supplied room and board while working in the master's fields. Upon completion of the contract, the servant would receive "freedom dues," a pre-arranged termination bonus. This might include land, money, a gun, clothes or food. On the surface it seemed like a terrific way for the luckless English poor to make their way to prosperity in a new land. Beneath the surface, this was not often the case.
The growth of tobacco, rice, and indigo and the plantation economy created a tremendous need for labor in Southern English America. Without the aid of modern machinery, human sweat and blood was necessary for the planting, cultivation, and harvesting of these cash crops. While slaves existed in the English colonies throughout the 1600s, indentured servitude was the method of choice
Indentured servitude was a labor system whereby young people paid for their passage to the New World by working for an employer for a certain number of years. It was widely employed in the 18th century in the British colonies in North America and elsewhere.
Many people say that Indentured Servitude was a form of slavery.
A silly song and Video to help remeber the 13 colonies