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The Damned Human Race
Transcript of The Damned Human Race
* Acquiring information through the use of logical methods such as the scientific method which requires an analysis without guessing or speculation.
* “I have not guessed or speculated or conjectured, but have used what is commonly called the scientific method” (par. 2).
* This adds to the writer's credibility and makes his arguments much more believable.
* “Thus I verified and established each step of my course in its turn before advancing to the next” (par. 2). Sub-claim: " Argument: Structure of the Text Convincing? Argument: Assumptions Discussion Questions How has your knowledge of Mark Twain influenced your reading of the text?
Does Twain's use of Pathos help or hurt his argument by portraying man in such a negative light?
Do you feel the argument has been presented well? Or do you think his logic is flawed? Why or how so?
Disregarding Mark Twain's argument, are human beings at the top or bottom of the proverbial totem pole? Why?
What does Twain's use of ethos imply about him as an author? Does this help or hurt his credibility?
"The Damned Human Race" was written during Twain's darker side(when his wife and daughter died and he was in financial trouble); do you think these experiences influenced his views on the Human race? Why or Why not?
When thinking back, what part(s) of the text stand out to you and why?
How does the idea of Moral Sense tie into Twain's argument that man has descended from the Higher Animal? Kayra All people are greedy, harbor insults, and the only species capable of revenge. "Of all the animals, man is the only one that is cruel. He is the only one that inflicts pain for the pleasure of doing it" (par. 10).
Higher animals only kill their prey for the necessity of food while man slaughters them at free will for the enjoyment of the sport. Twain uses an example of some hunters who killed seventy-two majestic buffalo for the sake of the entertainment of an English earl, but the earl and the hunters ate part of one of them and left the other seventy-one to rot. Strategies: Structure: Pathos: An appeal to the audience's emotions.. Twain uses this strategy to paint a gruesome picture that any “man” would be ashamed of. "Man – when he is a North American Indian - gouges out his prisoner’s eyes; when he is King John, with a nephew to render untroublesome, he uses a red-hot iron; when he is a religious zealot dealing with heretics in the Middle Ages, he skins his captive alive and scatters salt in his back" (par. 10). Sub-claim: * Man is the only animal that deals in that atrocity of atrocities, War (par. 11).
* Man is the only animal that robs his helpless fellow of his country (par. 12).
* Man is the only Slave (par. 13).
* Man is the only Patriot (par. 14).
* Man is the Religious Animal (par. 15).
* Man is the Reasoning Animal (par. 16).
* Man is incurably foolish (par. 17). His argument is very convincing because he is correct in almost every point that he makes except for the one about how animals do not steal from one another; many animals like the grizzly bear steals land and food.
He is convincing because he uses vivid imagery which stimulates the reader to explore the human nature Twain's strategies employ facts and evidence to back up his claims.
Additionally, he uses sound logic to further explain his arguments Twain uses analogies and anecdotes after stating his argument to help illustrate how humans can be compared to higher animals.
Humans have specific characteristics that animals do not, and humans respond differently in certain situations. Contrary to Darwinian Theory, the human race has devolved from Higher animals and cannot be called a superior species. Man is capable of harboring insults and injuries, broods over them, and takes revenge when opportunity presents itself. Man is cruel; he gathers with his fellow brethren in the atrocity of atrocities and then turns around and exterminates his own kind. Sub-claim: Man robs; he enslaves; he sneers at other countries but stays patriotic to his own; he is incurably foolish. Descriptive Structure: Beginning: Briefly states his argument that Man has in fact descended from Higher Animals. Middle: Uses anecdotes from his experiments to strengthen his argument. End: Restates his argument that humans have degenerated and are now at the bottom stage of all development. Thank you! End