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Transcendentalism

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on 16 March 2015

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Transcript of Transcendentalism

"Science does not know its debt to imagination."
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
3 Notable Authors
Excerpt:
nonconformity
self-reliance
free thought
confidence
importance of nature
Literary Devices
cadence
parallel structure
imagery
personification
irony
slant rhyme
symbolism
Walden
by Henry David Thoreau
"I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front
only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had
to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I
did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and
Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms, and, if it proved to be mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it, and publish its meanness to the world."

Excerpt:
"Woman in the Nineteenth Century"
by Margaret Fuller
Excerpt:
Nature
by Ralph Waldo Emerson
"To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, — he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me."
Transcendentalism
Pertinent Motifs
transcendentalism timeline
1830
1840
1850
1860
Romanticism [1825-1865]
Transcendentalism [1835-1860]
{ }
{ }
Abolitionist Movement
Gold-Rush
1860
Lincoln elected as President
1828
Election of Andrew Jackson
1830
"Underground Railroad" established
Mexican-American War
1836
Martin van Buren elected President
1852
Uncle Tom's Cabin
published
1838
Trail of Tears
1839
Margaret Fuller becomes the First editor of
The Dial
1844
First telegraph sent
1836
Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his essay,
Nature
1845
Henry David Thoreau moves into a cabin on Walden Pond
1847
Thoreau leaves Walden Pond
1848
Thoreau is jailed
1854
Walden
is published
1851
Moby Dick
is published
instinct versus intellect
an individual is the spiritual center of the universe (PAL: American Transcendentalism: A Brief Introduction)
derived from platonic idealism, German mysticism, French utopianism, and the Hindu scriptures
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
Margaret Fuller
Nonconformity
Self -Reliance
Free Thought
Confidence
Nature

Open-mindedness
"Whoso would be a man must be a
nonconformist." (Emerson)
You VS. Society
"My life is for itself," Emerson.
Relying on others
-Authors, Society
Logic vs Traditions
Power and Self Control
Confidence with Self-Reliance and Nonconformity
“In the woods, we return to reason and faith.” (Emerson, Nature)
Danger vs. Beauty
Imagery
Parallel Structure
Cadence
Personification
Irony
Slant Rhyme
Symbolism
Connections
Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography
Memory of My Dear Grandchild Elizabeth Bradstreet, Who Deceased August, 1665, Being a Year and a Half Old
"America" and "If We Must Die"
by Claude McKay
Human Qualities
Anything that's not human

Making connections to ideas
Displays certain truths
Intentional Meaning
vs.
Actual Meaning
Partial Rhyming

Haha slant^
Provides Cadence and Structure
Jack - Quick
Appealing Visual Representations
Stimulates the 5 bodily senses
1817-1862
Using Symbols
More Significant Meanings
criticized for being a nonconformist
disapproved of the materialistic society
repetition of construction of grammar (Holt)
Major Works:
“Civil Disobedience”, 1849
A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, 1849
Walden, 1854
"It's not what you look at that matters, it's what you see."
Ex.
And the
wind rises from the hopes of one.
And the
sun rises from the horizon.
And the
world leaves the zones.
Rhythm and Pitch
Structure and Pacing
Self Reliance
Confidence, Nonconformity
Powers of Nature
1810-1850
"If you have knowledge, let others light their candles in it."

literary critic and social reformist
regarded as the mother of feminism
Major Works:
Summers on the Lake, in 1843, 1844 (travel)
Woman in the Nineteenth Century, 1845
Papers on Literature and Art, 1846 (criticism)
Works Cited

Apofiss. Curious Adventure VI. Digital image. Deviantart. N.p., 13 Jan. 2014. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <http://apofiss.deviantart.com/art/curious-adventure-VI-426677742?q=gallery%3AApofiss%2F58539&qo=19>.

Apofiss. "Deviant Art." Good Life by Apofiss on DeviantArt. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2015. <http://www.deviantart.com/art/good-life-253192424>.

Apofiss. Sakura Dino. Digital image. Deviantart. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <http://apofiss.deviantart.com/art/sakura-dino-364080373?q=gallery%3AApofiss%2F58539&qo=51>.

Fulton, Jean C. Great Lives from History: The Nineteenth Century. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Ebsco. Web. 3 Mar. 2015.

Grabowski, Robin. "Transcendentalism." Transcendental Lecture. Mission San Jose High School, Fremont. 7 Mar. 2015. Lecture.

Hoffman, Michael J. The Subversive Vision: American Romanticism in Literature. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat, 1972. Print.

Holt, Rhinehart, and Winston. Holt Literature & Language Arts. Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2003. Print.

"Literary Devices and Literary Terms." Literary Devices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <http://literarydevices.net/>.

Metronome. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/Wittner_metronome.jpg>.

Morsberger, Robert E. "Henry David Thoreau." Magill’s Survey of American Literature. Ebsco, Sept. 2006. Web. 7 Mar. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Fweb.b.ebscohost.com%2Fbrc%2Fdetail%3Fsid%3D09a3afe9-b6ae-45da-a903-7e86801906e0%2540sessionmgr111%26vid%3D0%26hid%3D124%26bdata%3DJnNpdGU9YnJjLWxpdmU%253d%23db%3Db6h%26AN%3D103331MSA12999830000298>.
PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americannovel/timeline/index.html>.

Pillsbury Doughboy. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015. <http://apps.startribune.com/blogs/user_images/sanguinic_1384096089_apg_Pillsbury_Dough_Boy_100810_mn.jpg>.

"Ralph Waldo Emerson""PAL: Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)." PAL: Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882). N.p., 27 June 2014. Web. 8 Mar. 2015.

Reuben, Paul P. "PAL: American Transcendentalism: ABrief Introduction." PAL: American Transcendentalism: ABrief Introduction. PAL

Perspectives in American Literature, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2015. <http://archive.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap4/4intro.html>.

Taylor, Quintard, Jr. "United States History." 1800-1900 Timeline. University of Washington, n.d. Web. 5 Mar. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Ffaculty.washington.edu%2Fqtaylor%2Fa_us_history%2F1800_1900_timeline.htm>.

"Transcendentalism." Timetoast. Timetoast, n.d. Web. 8 Mar. 2015. <http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/113775>.



"Here, as elsewhere, the gain of creation consists always in the growth of individual minds, which live and aspire, as flowers bloom and birds sing, in the midst of morasses; and in the continual development of that thought, the thought of human destiny, which is given to eternity adequately to express, and which ages of failure only seemingly impede."
Quiz & Discussion
2001: A Space Odyssey
conversation between Dave (a space explorer) and HAL
HAL is a artificial intelligence computer that is foolproof and controls the main functions of the space pod
HAL will not let Dave into the main pod
before this scene, he would obey every order directed by Dave
what transcendental themes do you see?
(Morsberger)
(PBS)
(Taylor)
(Taylor)
(Taylor)
(Hoffman)
("Transcendentalism")
1803-1882
"To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most do not see the sun"
(Fulton)
(Morsberger)
Harvard alumni and author who wrote about nonconformity, the glorification of nature, and the effects of materialism in his works
Founded the "Dial", a literary magazine with members including Thoreau and Fuller
"Nature", 1836,

"The American Scholar",1837,
"Poems", 1847
Major works
(Rusk)
who founded the Literary Magazine "The Dial" That focused on transcendentalist writings?
A) Ralph Waldo Emerson
B)Margaret Fuller
C)Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalism focuses on the glorification of ________, nonconformity, and the affects of materialism.
Transcendentalism's influences
Referring back to the thoughts earlier discussed, how does transcendentalism affect the minds of later generations? Are there any actions/movements/organizations that used the element of transcendentalism for their cause?
(Holt)
(Grabowski)
(Grabowski)
Full transcript