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Transcript of Harlem Renaissance
This song was recorded and released in 1967.
"What a Wonderful World" hit the top charts in the United Kingdom.
Contribution to Black Culture
The Harlem Renaissance
Zora Neale Hurston
Born January 7, 1891 in Notasulga, Alabama.
After the death of her mother, Hurston lived with many different people because of her father’s consecutive marriage.
Hurston faced controversy when she wrote her autobiography,
Dust Tracks on the Road, stating
that her place of birth was Eastonville, Florida and not Alabama.
The Harlem Renaissance
Hurston’s contribution to the world and to the black culture was through her writings.
She became one of the main writers at the center of the Harlem Renaissance.
Years later after Hurston's death, author Alice Walker introduce Hurston’s writing to a new generation of readers when she wrote about Hurston in her essay "In Search of Zora Neale Hurston."
Contribution to Black Culture
Armstrong contributed to black culture with the music he produced.
He also inspired the black youth to express their talents.
Armstrong also contributed by the way that he sang.
BY: Group 2
How Did the Harlem Renaissance Begin?
What made this era so important?
When and Why did This Era End?
Started to decline around the mid 1930's
Prohbition caused voilence, lost of income and overall less buzz around harlem
Direct effect of the Great Depression
Many buisnnesses went bankrupt, including bars, clubs, and lounges which were all the backbone of the Harelem Renaissance
This left artist and singers without a place to preform, show off their work and without a source of income
Many artist left Harlem in seek of better jobs such as Langston Hughes
Harlem became no more than another poverty strucken section of Mahnhattan
The Renaissance was finally considered over when the Harlem Riot happened In 1935
Redefined how Americans and the world percieved and understood African Americans and African American culture
Integrated black and white culture
Mark the beginning of a black urban society
"Set the stage" for the Civil Rights Movement
Started his journey into the art world when he won a scholarship to the American Artists School in New York.
Post graduation he received funds from the Works Progress Administration Federal Art Project.
By know Lawrence was marching to the beat of his own drums and had discovered and cultivated his own sense of style and technique in modernism.
Became a connoisseur of storytelling through the use of art.
Took a political stance.
Involvement in the Harlem Renaissances
Her apartment was located in a popular spot for social gathering in Harlem, New York.
She was socially involved in the Harlem Renassaince through her influencial folklores, essays, and novels.
Hurston soon became friends with many other figures involved in the Harlem Renaissance such as Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen.
In the 1930s Hurston worked with Langston Hughes on a play called
Mule Bone: A Comedy of Negro Life
Langston and Hurston also wrote several other plays such as
The Great Day
From Sun to Sun
Most notorious artwork
The Migration of the Negro
was his most acclaimed series that he's ever created. (1940)
Features depictions of African-Americans moving North to find jobs, better housing and freedom from oppresion.
Took from his own personal experiences and researched the subject of freedom of oppresion.
Able to inspire so many to countinue on the path of creativity and cultivate and advance in all different forms.
He countinued to sculpt the minds of society by teaching at the University of Washington .
Continued to paint and started donating to charities.
Lawerence retired and continued painting until a few weeks before he passed on June 9,2000.
Involvement in the Harlem Renaissance
Involvement in Harlem Renaissance
Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana.
He grew up with his maternal grandmother because of the absence of his parents.
Armstrong was sent to a Colored Waif's Home for Boys, where he fell in love with music using the cornet.
Joe "King" Oliver was an inspiration to Armstrong by being his mentor.
Hurston released her first novel in 1934, titled Jonah’s Gourd Vine.
In 1937, she published
Their Eyes Were Watching God,
a novel that would later on become her most famous work.
Hurston published a collection of stories which she named Mules and Men.
During her last years, Hurston tried to publish other writings but was unsuccessful.
Their Eyes Were Watching god was made into a movie which was released in 2005.
1920's - 1930's
(WWI- Great Depression)
Boom time for American economy
Major economic growth and jobs (especially in the north)
Great Migration (1920-1930)
African Americans from rural south came looking for jobs in the bustling cities of the north
Almsot 750,000 African Americans left the south for urban areas in the north
Also the north was less racist, more welcoming and more open-minded than the south
Harlem was a section of Manhattan, New York that became a if not the major hotspot of African American migration
Nearly 175,000 African settled in Harlem making it the biggest concentration of African Americans in the world.
Businesses like newspapers and magazines flourished and gave African Americans a voice and an influence in american culture for the first time
Born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, on September 7, 1917.
Moved around a great deal as a child and even got put into foster care when his parents divorced.
At the age of 13 he was reunited with is mother and enrolled in Utopia Children's Center where he participated in an art program.
Vexed by the limited curriculum in public schools he dropped out at 16 be still pursued art.
Took classes with Charles Alston at the Harlem Art Workshop.
Visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art, attended lectures on black culture and exhibitions of African art with Charles Alston.
Drafted into the U.S. coast guard, assigned to be the coast guard artist. 48 painting were done but never found.
In 1941, married Gwendolyn Knight.
Armstrong moved to Chicago to play second cornet with a Creole Jazz Band.
Two years later, he then moved to New York City to play with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra.
Armstrong was involved in the Harlem Renaissance for his influential music.
He had a unique way of singing.
Armstrong also influenced a new form of jazz and a new style of singing called stat singing.
Broke the stereotype that African Americans were a just a comical and musical people who were not intelligent and whose ideas and thoughts should not to be taken seriously
Showed that African Americans can be as intellectual and talented as white people.
African Americans gained more respect as artisit and authors
Inspired African Americans to achieve anything they wanted
Popularized "The Blues"
How did this Era Impact the Future of the Black Culture?
Personal Life of Lawrence
Lawernce's Contribution to the World