Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Greek Drama

No description
by

Anika B.

on 9 August 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Greek Drama

Greek Drama
In 534 B.C. Pisistratus, the ruler of Athens, changed the Dionysian Festivals into drama competitions.
Poetikes: things that are made or crafted
The Poetics, written in about 330 B.C., is an extensive work on the art of dramatic literature, but only 26 chapters survived.
Conventions
Aristotle
Aristotle, the third of the great trio of Greek philosophers and a tutor of Alexander the Great, wrote several treatises which his students compiled.
It's main focus is on Greek Tragedy; the part on comedy is now lost, apparently. It also discusses epic poetry, with the Iliad and the Odyssey as examples.
He set up a school in a grove sacred to Apollo Lyceus in the northeastern part of Athens.
It is believed to be Aristotle's response to Plato's attack on art. Aristotle considers art as more universal and the poet as above the historian.
The Rites of Dionysus
The theater of Ancient Greece evolved from religious rites for the worship of Dionysus.
Dithyramb
series of odes about the love, life, and adventures of Dionysus
performed by a chorus of 50 men dressed as satyrs
turned into festivals with presentations of myths in a satiric nature

Small Dionysia - December
Lenea - January
Great Dionysia - March
Festivals
Instead of the gaiety and parody, the presentations dealt with the relationship of man with the gods, and tried to illustrate some particular lesson in life.
Tragedy
tragos (goat) + ode (song) = tragoidia (goat song)
Choregos or wealthy patrons financed the production
Admission was free or very nominal
Attendance was required
Three tragedies + one satyr play (comedy)
Thespis - the first winner of the competition, created the first actor which he called "hypocrite"
Aeschylus introduced the second actor
Sophocles created the third actor

rough wooden platforms or carts on the hillsides
permanent amphitheaters by the end of the 5th century
mobile wooden spectator's seats and wooden performing areas
Theater of Dionysus in Athens
Theater at Epidaurus
Theater at Delphi
The Great Greek Dramatists
Aeschylus (525-456 BC)
fought against the Persians in Marathon and Salamis
introduced the second actor
wrote about 90 plays, winning 13 or 28 prizes
Agamemnon
The Choephori
Eumenides
The Persians
Prometheus Bound
Seven Against Thebes
The Suppliants
Sophocles (496-406 BC)
defeated Aeschylus in 468
won around 20 first place prizes
increased the actors to three
invented skenographia (scene painting) to define the background
seven out of 100 of his tragedies survived


Oedipus Tyrannus
Oedipus at Colonus
Antigone
Electra
Trachiniae
Ajax
Philoctetes
Euripides (484-407 BC)
enhanced the importance of intrigue
wrote about women and mythological themes
influenced the creation of the New Comedy
won 4 first place prizes
some of his surviving tragedies are
Medea
Andromache
Hecuba
The Suppliants
Electra
Heracles
The Trojan Women
Iphigeneia in Tauris
Helen
Orestes
Aristophanes
represented the Old Comedy
wrote 40 plays, 11 survived
won six times

The Acharnians
The Clouds
The Birds
Lysistrata
Peace
The Frogs
The Wasps

Tragedy is "an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and possessing magnitude; in embellished language, each kind of which is used separately in different parts; in the mode of action and not narrated; and effecting through pity and fear the catharsis of such emotions."
Elements
action
plot
imitation of an action
character
serious, aims to prove a point
thought
embellished language, used in different parts
language
music
the stage, appearance of the actors
spectacle
the plot must be serious and of great moral significance
plots are known by the audience
the plot is complete
the story is tightly knit, all events must take place within 24 hours
involves
reversal of fortune (peripeteia)
and
recognition (anagnorisis)
arouse both pity and fear from the audience
must have a clear resolution
the end of the drama results to
purgation or purification (catharsis)
The Tragic Hero
of noble birth
eminently good but not perfect
(hamartia)
has the capacity to suffer grandly
(tragic grandeur)
Chorus
original stars of the early presentations
emmelia (Tragedy) 50, then 12, then made 15 by Sophocles
codrax (Comedy) 24
sing in accompaniment of flute, drums, or kithara
usually represented city elders
illustrate the beauty of poetry and dancing
establish mood and theme of the drama
relieve the tension or intensify
converse and advise characters
give background of preceding events
The Hypocrites
only three in number and acted all the parts
only men were allowed to act
they wore elaborate costumes, masks, wigs and special high clogs or boots called kothornoi
if playing female role, they wore prosternida before the chest and progastrida before the belly
body movements and gestures were controlled and stately and at times exaggerated
The Stage
since it is of religious significance the audience is restrained and orderly
the dialogue on stage was chaste and polished
no act of rowdiness or violence could be performed before the eyes of the audience
Ekkyklema
Deus ex Machina
Full transcript