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IB Psychology Social Identity Theory
Transcript of IB Psychology Social Identity Theory
to understand the psychological basis of inter-group discrimination.
"There is an 'in-group' and 'out-group discrimination. " Social Identity Theory Social Identity Theory *Social Categorization
*Positive Distinctiveness Based on Four
Interrelated Concepts: Social Categorization we adopt the identity of the group we have categorized ourselves as belonging to.
the process of comparing one’s own social group with others. Social Identity Identity is derived when a person is part of a group.
People strive to maintain a positive social identity.
Positive identity largely depends from favorable comparisons between the 'in-group' and the 'out-group' People are classified into different categories (ingroups & outgroups)
We label people according to their interests, gender, ethnicity, occupation or other factors. Deals with the ways people perceive or think about themselves or others
Divides the social-environment into ingroups (us) and outgroups (them)
People process information about their own group (ingroup) and other groups (outgroups) Social Identity Theory Mechanism Social Comparison people tend to compare their own group to other groups, showing a favorable bias towards their own group. Positive Distinctiveness Social Categoriation:
1. reduces perceived variability within the group
2. reduces perceived variability in the outgroup
3. increases perceived variability between the ingroup and the outgroup the motivation to show that our ingroup is preferable to an outgroup
we make sure that our social identities, and therefore our self-esteem, are positive enough Ethnocentrism *positive behavior by ingroup members attributed to disposition
*negative behaviors of ingroup members attributed to situational factors
*positive behaviors of outgroup members attributed to situational factors
*negative behaviors by outgroup members attributed to dispositions So, if we do good things it is because we are good, and if we misbehave that is due to external factors. The reverse applies to them. more general characteristics of social comparison... *Ingroup favoritism
*Conformity to ingroup norms