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Crete Museum Project
Transcript of Crete Museum Project
Buddy Yates Crete Museum Cretan bronze helmet. Social Classes By: Buddy Yates Minoan Double Axe- The Minoan Double Axe is a religious symbol. This axe was the most holy of all religious symbols to the Minoans. These axes were used to sever bulls for sacrifice. The sacrifice was for the god Zeus, usually made by the priest of the civilization (“Minoan Double Axe.” Hellenic-Art.com, n.d. Web.). Crete artifacts Being king Family There was slavery in ancient Crete. Most slaves were born free. Their parents sold them as slaves because the parents were too poor to take care of them. Some of them were taken by kidnappers, or prisoners of war, and then were sold as slaves. The vase you see here, is a woman giving her child to a slave nanny. (Karen Carr)
Kidipede - History for Kids. 2012.
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/people/slaves.htm Snake Goddess Sculpture- The Snake Goddess represents the fertility of the land of Crete. They dedicated this particular statue to a fertility Goddess. This artifact is one of the most well-known of the Minoan culture (“Minoan Double Axe.” Hellenic-Art.com, n.d. Web.). Being a king in Crete is not just sit back and rule the kingdom. The king also has to take the job of priest and judge. The king in Cretan, is Minos. Minos means "king." The word comes from a mythical creature named the Minotaur, with a body of a human, but a head of a bull. The ruins to the left, is a labyrinth/kingdom where the Minotaur lives. (Author Unknown)
http://www.culture-of-peace.info/books/history/crete.html Linear A writing Cretan bull Trade boat Bronze and gold sword Crete existed during the early
bronze age. Bronze is a mix of tin
and copper. Bronze has many different uses such as statues or like their Greek neighbors they used bronze for weapons and armor. Bronze is also similar to iron but heavier (Minoan Civilization). On the left is one style of Cretan writing, Linear A. The Minoans had two styles of writing, Linear A and Linear B. Later Linear B was adopted by the Mycenaean, a mainland greek civilization (Cretan writing) showing the impact of Crete on mainland Greece. The Crete island was a main port of trade being in between many great civilizations such as Syria, Asia Minor, and Egypt. The Minoans even traded at least as far west as the island of Sicily. Trade was the success of Crete and it was what helped them flourish and thrive. Since the Minoan civilization was between many older civilizations they learned many things from them. While trading they would get new things from foreign countries and this would help with the advance of their technology. Even to the point where the idea of new metals like bronze were through the trade route of Crete. The Minoan civilization advances quickly because of the influence of great civilizations around them. Crete exported mostly olives and olive oil, they also have a lot of trees they could sell. The Minoan civilization was a major trading society and was the connection of great civilizations far away to Greece and other countries in Europe (Ancient Minoan trade). The Cretans have a story about a bull that was sent to them by Poseidon to sacrifice, but the king didn't. Poseidon was angry and let the bull run mad in Crete. The kings wife fell in love with the bull and made a minotaur. The Cretans also used bulls made of bronze for torture. by putting people inside the bull and making a fire underneath it to burn their victims. These are bronze swords with gold hilts. One thing that the greeks learned from the Minoans was how to inter lay bronze with gold, to have the strength of bronze and the beauty of gold (Minoan Culture) Development and Decline, Trade, and Art Works cited
History of Minoan Crete. Ancient-Greece.org. 2003. Web. Accessed 9-11-12
Ancient Minoan Trade. Project History Web. Accessed 9-11-12
Achievements. Minoan Crete. Accessed 9-11-12
Minoan Culture. Ancient-Greece.org. 2003. Web. Accessed 9-11-12
Cretan Writing. Web Accessed 9-11-12
Cretan bronze helmet, 7th c BC, youth & snakes. Yelp Inc. Accessed 9-16-12
Bronze Age Writing on Crete: Hieroglyphs, Linear A, and Linear B. Athena Publications, Inc. Accessed 9-16-12
The Early Minoan Colonization of Spain. Sheppard Baird. Accessed 9-16-12
Bronze Swords from Minoan Knossos and Phaistos (1450 - 1350 BCE). Yahoo! Inc. Accessed 9-16-12
Minoan Bull Head (Rhyton). Yahoo! Inc.
The Cretan Bull. Perseus Project. Accessed 9-16-12
Minoan Civilization. Dilos Holiday World. Accessed 9-16-12 Silver Drachm- These were also referred to as silver coins. There were various silver drachms of the Minoan culture. The coins also served as religious symbols and prosperity. They could even be used for trading and money purposes. These coins in particular made the stock market raise in there civilization (“Minoan Double Axe.” Hellenic-Art.com, n.d. Web.). Minoan Palace at Knossos- This palace was used as a religious center for the Minoans. Not only was it a religious area but it was also a leading agriculture place. The Minoans used Knossos for storing there agriculture. Earthenware jars were located at this site, they were usually used for storing grains and oils (“The Fascinating People and Culture of Crete.” Completely-Crete.com, n.d. Web
Cyprus Copper During the Bronze Age, in the Minoan Civilization time period, The Minoan's had trade relationships between Egypt and the East Mediterranean. The first trades Minoan's had were between Cyprus and the Assyrians. In order for the Minoan's to make bronze, they needed other substances like copper and iron. The Minoan's traded with the Cyprus's for copper, and the Assyrians for iron. The Minoan Civilization developed by trading with other civilizations; this helped the Minoans, the first civilization of Crete, become wealthier (Minoan Trade). Development/Trade: Knossos Storage Jars Duties Knossos storage jars were used by the Minoans to export goods in.They were made out of clay like the types of pottery Minoans would create as a type of art. Substances such as olive oil and wine would be stored in these hand-made jars. Minoans would export these goods to Egypt and the Mediterranean Civilizations. The Minoan Civilization made many popular resources that other civilizations got in return if they traded with Crete. This is how Crete's Minoan Civilization was capable of developing into a more wealthier Civilization. Slaves mostly had to do work in the fields, such as plowing and planting seeds, and harvesting barley, olives, and wheat. If they're working in a small farm, only one or two are working with their boss watching. If at a big farm, several slaves are working, without seeing their boss at all. (Karen Carr) The picture you see to your left is a slave plowing a field. Crete Mountains- The whole island of Crete is covered in mountains. Climate conditions , mountains, and fertility of the land created life on the island of Crete. Because of the geography many large mammal species prospered due to the geography. Sadly, wild goats were the only of the mammals to survive (“The Fascinating People and Culture of Crete.” Completely-Crete.com, n.d. Web
2006-2008). Decline: A Golden Ibex The Santorini Volcano, also known Thera Volcano, had erupted in the late Bronze Age. The Island, Crete, was approximately 120 km to the south of Santorini (Santorini/Thera Eruption). The index of the Thera Eruption was between six and seven and the time period of the eruption of the volcano took course in a couple days. During the excavation, after the destruction, one golden object was found: a golden sculpture of ibex; a wild goat (Minoan Eruption). A vast number of Minoans died after the destruction and during it (Minoan Civilization). Works Cited Minoan Fresco Dolphin Art- This piece of art was found in the west wing of the Knossos palace, mentioned earlier in the prezi. Many other frescoes have been discovered along with the dolphin fresco. Of all the other frescoes of the Minoan civilization the dolphin paintings seem to be the most well-known (“Minoan Dolphins Fresco.” Image Kind, Inc. n.d. Web.
2012). Religion Religion Religion Art Houses Geography Geography Megan Boles Different classes have different houses. Most of the poor, surprisingly, has multiple room houses to live in. Upper class Minoans, live in free standing houses, besides the palace, where the king lives. (Anonymous) The building to the left is the remains of a home for an upper class Minoan. Art: Knossos Bull Painting The picture to the left is of a fresco, also known as a mural painting. The mural is of "Bull Jumping". It was created in 1700 B.C. The first sketches were made with the colors red and yellow, than the sketches were painted over, than the details were created, and the mural was polished (The Art of Fresco). "Bull Jumping" occurred in the middle of the Bronze Age. It was related to 'Bull worshiping'. The Bull leaper would sit on the bull and grab both of it's horns. As the bull violently kept jerking, the leaper would preform tricks and stunts (Bull-leaping). https://sites.google.com/site/ancientcreteminoans/social-classes-and-structures By: Connor Mason How to be a slave If a slave marries a free woman, then the children are free. If a slave woman marries a free man,then the children are slaves. If they’re both free, marry, and if the mother dies, then the children will own their parents property; otherwise, the free relatives will own the property. (Anonymous) There is no picture to be found that relates to this subject. Origins In the Early Minoan times, (3000-2000 BC) the specialization of social rankings, and groups, made an appearance as a end result of commercial relations, and success of exploiting raw materials. During this period, a ruling class was established. (Anonymous) There is no picture, or artifact that relates to this theory, however. Art: Kamarse Vase In the Bronze age- the middle Minoan era, around 1800 B.C., vases were made as another form of art. These vases were called Kamarse Vases. The colors used in these potteries are dark reds, browns, and mostly yellows and usual have white details. Many of the vases have naturalistic designs engraved in them (Minoan Pottery). By: Sydney Blair Decline: Trade extinction After the Eruption of Thera, predictions were made that a great famine occurred and the surviving Minoans had died because they had no food or any other type of resources due to the destruction. There was also a great decline in trading between the Minoans and other civilizations. Art works were also ruined. Because of the eruption, the Minoan Civilization was no longer wealthy like it used to be (Theories of Minoan Failure). Works Cited:
Minoan Trade. Factsanddetails.com. 2008 Jeffrey Hay. Update: January 2012. Works Cited:
Minoan Civilization. Neohumanism.org. 2004.Web Accessed Eruption of Santorini. Santorini-eruption.org. Web Accessed Works Cited:
Minoan Civilization. Minoan.com. Web Accessed Works Cited:
Knossos- Palace Frescoes.pbworks.com. Natasha I., Bobby M., Preston H., 2009 Bull-leaping 4th.wikipedia.org.Web Accessed Works Cited:
Minoan Pottery.eu.com.Web Accessed Works Cited:
The Cycladic Civilization.hellenic foundation.com.Web Accessed “Country Side of Crete.” Dilos Holiday World, n.d. Web.
“Crete in Ancient Times.” n.d. Web.
“Greek Ancient Coins.” greek-islands.us, n.d. Web.
“History of Crete.” Wikipedia, n.d. Web.
19 August 2012
“History of Minoan Crete.” Ancient Greece.org, n.d. Web.
“Minoan Dolphins Fresco.” Image Kind, Inc. n.d. Web.
“Minoan Double Axe.” Hellenic-Art.com, n.d. Web.
“Minoan Snake Goddess Museum Sculpture.” Crowd Favorite, n.d. Web.
“The Fascinating People and Culture of Crete.” Completely-Crete.com, n.d. Web
“Where Is Crete-The Geography of Crete.” west-crete.com, n.d. Web
1999-2012 Works Cited