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A pest and a native

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Simeon Kynoch

on 16 May 2013

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Transcript of A pest and a native

A Pest and a Native By Simeon Kynoch Red Necked Wallaby Where it is More affects! Where it lives Bibliography Size and Weight Random facts Enviromental impacts African Boxthorn
Lycium ferocissimum How it spreads Appearance PEST Family: Solanaceae
Form: Shrub
Origin: Native to South Africaca.

It was introduced as a garden or hedge plant in the mid 1800s. It is an autotroph and a producer. Flowers: Singly or in pairs at the leaf-stem junction. White with purplish throat, about 1 cm diameter; 5-petalled; fragrant. Flowers up to12 mm long with male part of the flower (stamen) projecting to 4 mm past the petals. Flowers mostly summer but some flowering throughout year.
The bush itself only grows to about 2-3 meters

Description: Much branched shrub to 6 m high. Leaves fleshy, elliptic to 4 cm long (see photo). Berry to 1 cm wide on short drooping stalk. Seeds 2.5 mm long, dull yellow. Spread by seed. Fruit is commonly eaten by foxes and birds and viable seeds are pooed out. Shoots from broken roots left in the ground also grow into massive plants. Birds and foxes commonly eat seeds. Fruits heavily over autumn-winter, some ripe fruit may be present at other times of the year. The fruit is a breeding place for fruit fly, dried fruit beetles, tomato fly and the common housefly. Weight can vary in the male from 15-26 kg. Female from 11-15.kg.
Head and body length
In males 77-88 cm. Females 70-84 cm.
Tail length
Males 80cm.average. Females 70cm average


The red necked wallaby is a 1st order consumer and it is a heterotroph The Red-necked Wallaby is mainly solitary, but will be seen grazing together at night, if disturbed they will scatter in all directions.

They shelter in dense patches of forest during the day, coming out early evening just before dusk to graze. -Predominantly grazers with some forbs (herbs), browse and the young shoots and leaves of heath-land plants in the diet. Now a serious weed, particularly on neglected land in arid temperate Australia. Can produce thickets that become refuges for feral animals/pests. African boxthorn grows into massive thickets and it's root systems underground take up lots of space and chokes out the other roots, as well as the part that is above ground taking up a lot of the space on the surface The Red-necked Wallaby can be found throughout the eastern parts of Australia from Queensland - New South Wales border area, right through to South Australia and Victoria. It is also found in Tasmania. Living in subtropical, cool temperate, wet and dry sclerophyll forests, and woodland with nearby grassy areas. Commonly confused
with Other Lycium species. Native Australian Boxthorn Lycium australe grows in subsaline soil at the edge of salt lakes and claypans in arid areas of Australia but this species has narrow leaves usually less than 5 mm long. Chinese Boxthorn Lycium barbarum has shorter leafless spines and ovate leaves with an acute tip. African boxthorn makes an effective hedge plant, producing a dense thicket. With the increase in biomass there is a likelihood of an increase in the frequency and intensity of fire risk NATIVE The Red-necked wallaby is reddish brown with grey tips on fur pronounced reddish-brown neck, paler grey chest. Black muzzle, white stripe on upper lip and paws and the largest toe is black. -The diet of the Tasmanian sub-species is better studied. http://www.weeds.org.au/cgi-bin/weedident.cgi?tpl=plant.tpl&state=&s=&card=S10
http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/4790_7105.htm
http://vro.dpi.vic.gov.au/dpi/vro/vrosite.nsf/pages/weeds_shrubs_african_boxthorn
http://www.dpi.vic.gov.au/agriculture/pests-diseases-and-weeds/weeds/other-declared-weeds/african-boxthorn
http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=11&sqi=2&ved=0CHIQFjAK&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.samdbnrm.sa.gov.au%2FPortals%2F9%2FPDF%2527s%2FLand%2FAfricanboxthorn.pdf&ei=w2Z2UZjtKe-0iQfOqoDwCg&usg=AFQjCNGnShWyX3siQ065Edh_1snQsPQhNA&sig2=CTQDVXjFkMWEu31eIMWk4g&bvm=bv.45512109,d.aGc African boxthorn Red necked wallaby http://www.rootourism.com/fsheet32.htm
http://www.wildlifemountain.com/rednckwall.htm#top
http://www.australiazoo.com.au/our-animals/amazing-animals/mammals/?mammal=kangaroos&animal=red-necked_wallaby
http://www.sciencentre.qm.qld.gov.au/Find+out+about/Animals+of+Queensland/Mammals/Common+mammals+of+south-east+Queensland/Marsupials/Red-necked+Wallaby
http://www.wirrimbirra.com.au/Red%20neck%20wallaby.htm Thanks for paying attention to my oral presentation
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