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presentastion on literature
Transcript of presentastion on literature
Chandigarh, the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, it is known as one of the best experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in the twentieth century in India. The basic geographical and demographic profile of Chandigarh is as under:
Area 114 sq kms
Longitude 760 47' 14E
Latitude- 300 44' 14N
Altitude- 304-365 meters above MSL with
Annual Rainfall (average) 1110.7 mm
Temperature Winter Min. (Nov.-Jan, 2006) 10 C-160 C
Summer Max. (April-July, 2004) 270C-440C
Prevalent Winds From the North West to South East in Winter and reverse in Summer
Total Population (2001 census)- 9,00,635 (Rural population-92120 (10.2%)
(Urban population-808515 (89.8%) Le Corbusier conceived the master plan of Chandigarh as analogous to human body, with a clearly defined
head (the Capitol Complex, Sector 1)
heart (the City Centre Sector-17)
lungs ( the leisure valley, innumerable open spaces and sector greens)
the intellect (the cultural and educational institutions)
the circulatory system (the network of roads, the 7Vs) and
the viscera (the Industrial Area).
The concept of the city is based on four major functions: living, working, care of the body and spirit and circulation.
CHANDIGARH ABOUT CITY GEOGRAPHY CITY CONCEPT i) General Housing –
a. Site & Services, EWS & LIG 33441 Units
b. MIG 10675 Units
c. HIG 5597 Units
Total- 49713 Units
ii) Commercial Units
a. Rehabilitation of rehri owners/day markets. - 1450
b. Booths/Shops for Motor Mechanics. - 489
c. Convenient Shopping/Service Booths. - 2447
Total - 4386 Units
GOVERNMENT HOUSING GOVERNMENT HOUSING IS THE LARGEST AND MOST INNOVATIVE COMPONENT CHANDIGARH CAPITOL CITY PROJECT.
STARTING FROM BLANK PAPER AND EMPTY SITE THE HOUSE BUILDING PROGRAM WAS COMPLETED IN THREE YEARS OR 20,000 PEOPLE MOVING INTO PERMANENT BUILDINGS. THE GOVERNMENT HOUSING COVERED RANGE OF THIRTEEN TYPES
WITH LARGEST HOUSE TYPE 1 DESIGNED FOR CHIEF MINISTER
SMALLEST TYPE 13 FOR THE PEONS AND OTHER OFFICIALS DRAWING LESS THAN RS. 50/- PER MONTH
THE LOWER CATEGORY OF HOUSES TYPE 14 OR THE CHEAP HOUSE WAS DEVISED FOR SWEEPER, WASHERMEN, AND OTHER SUCH WORKERS. LOW
GROUP LOCATION- HZ-5
NO. OF UNITS-74
AREA OF SITE-86 SQ.M
AREA OF EACH BLOCK- 34.4 SQ.M
OPEN SPACE WITH PATH- 51.6 SQ.M
AREA FOR PATHWAYS ON SITE- 1272.8 SQ.M All 74 units were arranged in an cluster that had a single entry
Back to back units were disposed diagonally along streets, and exposed brick surfaces, indirect entries to houses.
these houses have entrance through courtyards
LOCATION- HZ6 SECTOR 15
HZ8 SECTOR 19
HZ12 SECTOR 24
UNITS - 572
AREA OF SITE (EACH)- 75 SQ.M.
AREA OF EACH BUNGALOW-25 SQ.M
OPEN SPACES WITH PATHS- 50 SQ.M
AREA FOR PATHWAYS ON SITE- 2137.5 SQ.M This is the cheapest category of government houses
This is an low cost housing scheme as a part of village
here houses are arranged back to back in row.
load bearing type of structures
the design provided minimum 2 rooms, one kitchen varandah , w.c. and bath enclosure in corner of the rear court
light and ventilation in all the rooms are designed good MEDIUM
GROUP PEONS HOUSES H.T. 14-D H.T. 13-J LOCATION- HZ2 SECTOR7
HZ4 SECTOR 11
HZ6 SECTOR 15
HZ8 SECTOR 19
HZ 9 SECTOR 20
HZ12 SECTOR 24
HZ13 SECTOR 27
HZ14 SECTOR 28
NO. OF UNITS- 2596
AREA OF SITE - 115SQ.M
AREA OF EACH HOUSE.- 46 SQ.M
OPEN SPACE WITH PATHS- 69 SQ.M
AREA FOR PATHWAYS ON SITE- 5961.6 SQ.M H.T. 13-D LOCATION- HZ10 SECTOR 22
AREA OF SITE.- 105 SQ.M.
AREA FOR EACH UNIT- 42 SQ.M
OPEN SPACES AND PATHS- 63 SQ.M
AREA FOR PATHWAYS ON SITE- 6394.5 SQ.M Designed for government employees earning less than rs. 50 per month.
all the streets were alligned northeast to southwest.
units placed back to back adjacent ones being mirrored to the cluster services of four houses.
the brick arches defines northeast entries to the village. H.T. 12-JE H.T. 12- JC LOCATION- H6 SECTOR 15
H4 SECTOR 20
H12 SECTOR 24
H13 SECTOR 27
H14 SECTOR 28
AREA OF SITE- 185 SQ.M.
AREA FOR EACH UNIT- 100 SQ.M
OPENSPACE AND PATHS- 85 SQ.M
AREA FOR PATHWAYS ON SITE- 6127.2 SQ.M LOCATION- HZ2 SECTOR 7
HZ24 SECTOR 11
HZ18 SECTOR 19
AREA OF SITE- 180 SQ.M
AREA FOR EACH UNIT- 108 SQ.M
OPEN SPACE AND PATHS- 100 SQ.M
AREA FOR PATHWAYS ON SITE- 1895.9 SQ.M The two adjoining flats shared the same staircasee for access to the roof terrace.
in the design they are simple, but functional effieciency and economy which achieved in design as well as in construction.
use of exposed brick work, adds a special look to the building.
a good view from approach road. This house type, built back to back, arranged along the streets alligned northeast to south west.
each unit has large courtyards at rear side of bungalow.
the structural wall and projecting roof bands were used to frame each house. H.T. 8-F H.T. 11-J H.T. 11-F Type of Water Connection
Temporary Water Connection.
Regular Water Connection.
Chandigarh has a well planned system of water supply distribution. Water Supply of Chandigarh is based on two sources i.e. Surface water from Bhakra Main Canal and underground deep bore Tubewells. The present availability of water in Chandigarh in 64 mgd. WATER SUPPLY The city has a well planned under ground network of pipes for disposal of sewerage. The system has been designed according to natural slope of the city for sewage to flow under gravity. Sewage Treatment plant has been constructed for treatment of sewage upto territory level before disposal in open nallah. SEWERAGE DISPOSAL A well laid out underground Strom Water Drainage System exists in the city. The system has been designed keeping in view the slope of the city. The system is augmented from time to time by providing more lines and R/ Gullies.
STORM WATER DRAINAGE House type 13 is the largest percentage of government housing design in chandigarh by team of architects.
single flighted staircase, resting in structural walls also saved spaces and cost.
the same plan follows to all the units in the site of all the sectors given.
occupants are satisfied with the level of daylight and ventilation in these houses.
+ - C These houses are the duplex units arranged along the street aligned northeast to southwest as well as northwest to southeast.
All the services area of houses were located in the rear part of the house.
Wall surfaces were finished in exposed brick work and complimented by plaster.
The level of natural lighting and vetilation within the houses are good.
Income group of 701 to 750 per month
Two storey building
Plots were arranged in row aligned both from northwest to south east and from northeast to south west.
All the rooms open on private rear garden
All the houses have same rear elevation
These are double storey buildings
The elevation treatment here is simple with plain exposed brick work
The vertical punctures along the roof of parapet walls were the most distinctive element of front facade.
The parapet connects the rooms in a single row. LOCATION- HZ2 SECTOR7
HZ4 SECTOR 11
HZ7 SECTOR 16
HZ11 SECTOR 23
HZ14 SECTOR 28
NO. OF UNITS- 94
AREA OF SITE - 400 SQ.M
AREA FOR EACH UNIT- 300 SQ.M
OPEN SPACE AND PATH- 220 SQ.M
AREA OF OPENSPACES AND PATHWAYS - 1230.8 SQ.M LOCATION- HZ12 SECTOR 24
NO. OF UNITS- 20
AREA OF SITE - 240 SQ.M
AREA OF EACH UNIT- 180 SQ.M
OPEN SPACE AND PATHS- 132 SQ.M
AREA OF OPEN SPACES AND PATHWAYS- 912 SQ.M LOCATION- HZ10 SECTOR 22
HZ11 SECTOR 23
NO. OF UNITS- 370
AREA OF SITE - 190 SQ.M
AREA FOR EACH UNIT - 165 SQ.M
OPENSPACE AND PATHS - 95 SQ.M
AREA OF OPEN SPACES AND PATHWAYS - 2830.5 SQ.M