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Review for Structure of the English Language

I will keep adding to this as a reference throughout the semester
by

Shana Hartman

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Review for Structure of the English Language

Kernel
Classroom Ap
Ways to Modify
Recap
Notes
Modification
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
Rhythm
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Clause
Sentence
Subject
Verb
Direct Object
Modification
adjectival modifiers
adverbial modifiers
describe or elaborate
Participles
-ing verbs
beg. or end
- ed verb
Absolutes
noun + ing or ed
zooms in
needs comma
Appositives
noun
adds 2nd image to noun
wrapped in commas
Adjectives out of Order
moves adjectives
away from noun
needs commas
Action Verbs
energize action images
replace being verbs
eliminates passive voice
"identical grammatical structures that add rhythm and balance images"
What are two kinds?
Literal Repetition
Grammatical Repetition
"It was all so clear now. She knew
who had killed Sylvia. It was someone
who hated her, someone who had
been a friend of hers, someone who never
forgave her for how she had treated him..."
~Morgan McKinney
"Ambition inspired his journey.
Nature changed his destiny"
~ Robinson Crusoe movie
"The world is change. I feel it in the water. I feel it in the earth. I smell it in the air. ~Fellowship of the Rings
What are some ways
to help students
learn rhythm?
Analyze texts w/
parallel structure
Mimic other authors
Paint branches on a tree
Punctuation
What are some ways to talk about punctuation?
How might you
use this cartoon?
What do we know
about commas?
What do we know about semicolons?
"Each choice of puncutation communicates a slightly different emphasis" (Noden 127).
A grammar of passages?
“The mature writer is recognized ...
by his ability to create a flow of
sentences, a pattern of thought that
is produced, one suspects,
according to the principles of
yet another kind of grammar—
a grammar, let us say, of passages.”
—Mina Shaughnessy
All of these help create a rhythm, that elusive idea of "flow" so many writers talk about. This ultimately makes an overall....
What makes a story fly?
What are the elements of
story grammar?
Freitag's Pyramid: setting, set up, rising action,
climax, falling action, resolution.
What are some other plot types or elements?
Characterization: what are
some important elements of
character development?
speech
reaction of others
setting
thoughts
behavior
physical description
What about the "real" stuff?
What are some introductory leads?
What are some tips for writing the body?
What about conclusions?
What are some things to remember about form and content?
Philosophy of Teaching Grammar
Full transcript