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Science Concept Map
Transcript of Science Concept Map
Particle Theory of Matter
Hydrodynamics Flow Rate And Viscosity Characteristics Of Fluids Controlling Fluid Flow Flow Rate Viscosity Volume per Unit Time Adhesion Surface Tension Cohesion A measure of how strongly the particles of a fluid attract each other. The strong attraction among the particles that form the surface of a liquid The attraction between the particles of one substance and the particles of another substance. density buoyancy mass the force of gravity acting on an object Ability To Flow Types of Flow the amount of matter that makes up an object or substance the amount of space an object or substence takes up Types of Fluids weight volume all three are measures that have to do with substances and objects Gases Liquids Laminar Flow Turbulent Flow density relates to mass and volume because they are used in calculating it Eddy A smooth pattern of flow An irregular, mixing flow pattern An area of slower-moving fluid that occurs behind an obstacle solids are usually denser than liquids that are denser than gases which has to do with characteristic properties of fluids Controlling Water Flow a measure of the mass per unit volume of a substance Controlling Blood Flow Fluid Mechanics and Dynamics the upward supportive force on an object in a fluid Aerodynamics Hydrodynamics buoyancy is seen in: fish submarines ballast tanks swim bladder involved in buoyancy in fish and submarines compartments in a ship or submarine that take in water to keep the ship stable or help a subarine dive below the surface a controllable balloon-like chamber that allows fish to alter their buoyancy vocabulary
ballast tanks Fluid Systems Effects of External Pressure on Fluids Pressure, Volume and Temperature chapter 8
particle theory related to the topic of density chapter 9
particle theory and the ability that fluids can be compressed chapter 7
particle theory connected to the movement of fluids Hydraulic Systems Pneumatic Systems chapter 8
particle theory can be related to density since one thing that density includes is the state in which the particles are tightly packed Pressure Atmospheric Pressure Pascal's Law A system that uses gases under pressure particle theory includes how attracted particles are and since a solids are the most attracted, solids usually are denser than liquids and gases A system that uses liquids under pressure States that a force applied to a fluid is distributed equally through all parts of the fluid The force the atmosphere exerts on a unit of surface area The force per. unit area chapter 7
particle theory can related to fluid flow as heat can alter the flow of a fluid and it's particles once heated in the particle theory, particles move faster and spread farther apart when they are heated. in fluid flow when the particles movement increases when heated, it allows the fluid to flow faster. they deflect off each other and become less attracted chapter 9
particle theory relates to the ability that fluids can be compressed as compressibility includes the attraction between particles the particles attraction is introduced when gases can be transferred more efficiently than liquids because since the particle of a gas are less attracted, they can be compressed closer together. the closer the particles are in the liquids gives there to be little less compressibility. Relationships More pressure means less volume and higher temperature and vice versa