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Transcript of Internet Censorship
Censorship CARTER JALEEL AMBER ANJALI ASYA By..... TIMELINE 1989 - The World Wide Web is invented. 1993 - Mosaic, an internet browser, is released, allowing millions of people across the globe to access the internet. 1996 - A series of laws is passed, restricting the types of content that can be posted on the internet. #1 - The Communications Decency Act (CDA):
Prohibits the posting of "indecent" or "patently offensive" materials on the Internet. #2 - The Electronic Communication Transactional Records Act:
Requires all Internet Service Providers to retain any records in their possession for 90 days for use in criminal investigations. #3 - The Child Pornography Prevention Act:
Extends the current child pornography laws to computer/internet media. 1997 - All major Austrian Internet Service Providers take themselves offline to protest the police seizure of equipment belonging to the ISP V.I.P., after a year old tip from the German police about a post by a former user. After this, Internet censorship in Austria is very limited. 1998 - More laws are passed to censor internet content. These include The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and The Child Online Protection Act (COPA). 1998 - More protests emerge in the US.
A U.S. federal district court holds that school officials violated the First Amendment rights of a high school student when they suspended him for ten days due to content on his website, which used vulgar language to criticize the school. 1999 - The music industry's censorship of online file-sharing services continues. A lawsuit is brought against Napster, a file-sharing website. Soon, Napster is completely terminated. 2001 - Governments all over the world begin enforcing strict internet laws. After 9/11, countries such as Switzerland, France, Spain, and Belgium, and the U.K. implement data retention laws, allowing logs to be kept of transactional header traffic data for an undetermined amount of time. The US enacts the PATRIOT Act, which broadens the use of wiretapping devices. It removes the warrant requirement for these taps so long as the government can certify that the information likely to be obtained is "relevant" to an ongoing investigation against international terrorism. The Burmese government begins limiting email and Internet access to its citizens. 2003 - More file-sharing services are taken to court. Grokster is shut down, and Morpheus and Kazaa are required to limit the files on their networks to copyright-free files. 2004- The Supreme Court rules parts of the Child Online Protection Act (COPA) to be unconstitutional. 2004- Courts begin to censor customers’ rights to post their grievances online, ruling in favor of businesses in defamation lawsuits. 2005 - Kazakhstan seizes all .kz Internet domains and closes one that is considered offensive. 2008- Governments take action against the recent epidemics of cyberbullying. The US House of Representatives introduces “The Megan Meier Cyberbullying Prevention Act”. 2010- Craigslist begins to censor its adult services section, after years of pressure from government officials who accuse the site of promoting sex crimes. Activity The news article states that after pro-democracy rallies and protests in Iran, the Iranian government started censoring pro-democracy websites, completely blocking people from viewing these sites.
Do you think this is fair? How important is the internet in connecting with others? Discuss. Citations Griest, Stephanie. "A Selective Timeline of the Internet and Censorship." National Coalition Against Censorship (2010): n. pag. Web. 19 Feb 2011. http://126.96.36.199/internet/Timeline.
Internet Censorship. Dir. Jason Jones. GOOD Magazine, 20 Oct. 2008. http://www.good.is/post/internet-censorship/. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <http://www.good.is/post/internet-censorship/>.
"Control and Censorship of the Internet." American Library Association. American Library Association, n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2011. <http://www.ala.org/ala/aboutala/offices/oif/ifissues/censorshipinternet.cfm#news>. GLOBAL
EXAMPLES WHAT IS CENSORSHIP? censorship = the control of the information and ideas circulated within a society it can be good... ie. prohibiting things like child porn, racist and deeply offensive ideas, etc. but it can be really, really bad, too. 2011- Internet censorship still exists and thrives. THE INTERNET Approximately 6,845,609,960 people around the world use the internet.
About 1,711,402,490 of those people's rights all over the globe are crippled because of strict internet censorship.
Internet censorship is EVERYWHERE.