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ADHD

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courtney hildebrandt

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of ADHD

What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition where the brain does not register or control impulses which in turn are displayed as behavioral and social issues.
Symptoms:
The symptoms of ADHD can be categorized under two different headings:
Inattention:

Finds it hard to concentrate
Makes careless mistakes
Does not seem to listen
Avoids difficult tasks
Becomes distracted easily
is disorganized and forgetful
Does not follow through on instructions
Hyperactivity/Impulsiveness:
Tends to fidget or squirm
Gets up during class when there not meant to
Runs about or climbs in inappropriate situations
Has difficulty being quiet
Often interrupts others
Finds it hard to wait turn
Often 'on the go' or acts as if ;driven by a motor'
Talks excessively
Blurts out answers before question has been finished
Treatment
Currently available treatments aim at reducing the symptoms of ADHD and improving functioning.
Neurotherapy or Psycological Treatments are increasing treatments in ADHD effected children. These also involve the family and school.
Treatments include medication, various types of psychotherapy, education and training, or a combination of treatments
Stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamines are the most common type of medication used for treating ADHD.
ADHD symptoms usually become apparent in early childhood, often between the ages of 3-6.
Symptoms vary from person to person, the disorder can be hard to diagnose.
No single test can diagnose a child as having ADHD.
How is it diagnosed?
Nature and info about ADHD
Brain imaging research has revealed that, in youth with ADHD, the brain matures in a normal pattern but is delayed, on average by approx. 3 years.
ADHD is usually a life long disease that children will carry throughout their life.
The delay is most apparent in brain regions involved in the processes of thinking, paying attention, and planning.
Some of the more recent studies have found that the outermost layer of the brain, the cortex, shows delayed maturation overall and a brain structure that is important for proper communications between the two halves of the brain shows an abnormal growth pattern.
Symptoms and Signs:
Is ADHD on the rise or decline?....
Most people are saying yes, the amount of people being diagnosed with ADHD is increasing. This could be due to two different reasons; the number of people being born with ADHD could be increasing or the recognition of the disease could much better.
Bibliography
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/index.shtml
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder
http://www0.health.nsw.gov.au/publichealth/pharmaceutical/adhd/
http://www.psychology.org.au/community/adhd/#s4
http://www.famouspeoplearehuman.com/famous-people-adhd.htm
http://www.myadhd.com/causesofadhd.htm
Other Interesting Information
Approximately 8% of Australian Children are diagnosed with ADHD
In the children's/young adult's fiction series 'Percy Jackson and the Olympians', the main character is diagnosed with ADHD.
Many people that have ADHD also suffer from short-term memory
ADHD is a lifelong condition, not just a childhood condition. Some people are actually diagnosed as an adult.
The Causes and Risk Factors
The main cause of ADHD is genetics. Some of the doctors that diagnose a child actually end diagnosing the unknowing parent as well.
Exposure to alcohol and drugs during pregnancy
Born prematurely
Injury to the head/brain
Some the risks are that the child might be slightly more immature and harder to handle than a normal child if diagnosed as a child. They might have a difficult time at school and might need extra help.
Is it a lifelong condition?
ADHD is unfortunately is a lifelong condition where many children will continue to have these symptoms as a teenager and adult, it is estimated that two out of the three children will continue to have symptoms. Some symptoms differ from child to adult such as:

1. Inability to deal with stress
2. Acting impulsively
3. Always bored
4. Relationship and employment issues

Famous People
Jim Carrey
Whoopi Goldberg
Robin Williams
Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen
Hayley Williams
Avril Lavigne
Ludwig van Beethoven
John Lennon
Kurt Cobain
Walt Disney




Salvador Dali
Vincent Van Gogh
Pablo Picasso
Leonardo Da Vinci
Winston Churchill
Agatha Christie
Edgar Allen Poe
Sir Isaac Newton
Albert Einstein
Thomas Edison
Full transcript