Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Industrial Design Timeline
Transcript of Industrial Design Timeline
Industrial Revolution in the US
Industrial Design Timeline
1712 First Steam Engine by Thomas Newcomen
1769 Further developed by James Watt
Wall Street crash
Founded by Walter Gropius
Arts and Crafts movements
Formation of cities
Growth of population
and factory workers
Europe approx. 1700-1900
Small communities and local craftsmen
Weapon mass production
This timeline is focused on the most important events, persons and movements, which have influenced the development and understanding of industrial design through the last three centuries.
Iron made from coal in stead of charcoal by Abraham Darby.
1804 First Railway Locomotive (Steam engine)
Napoleon Bonaparte I
Nielson's hot blast process for iron founding
1856 Steel production process developed
1893 Diesel Engine
Bringing arts and craft from nations world wide together to share experiences
Details in ornament = skills + time = value
1920 Steel tubing developed
First Iron Bridge by Abraham Darby III
1793-1815 Napoleanic wars Britain - France
Increases the iron production for weapon
1890 First tube opened in London
First telephone by Alexander Graham Bell produced in Canada. Connected to operator
Time of memorial 1600-1700
No schools, hard working children
Owners own more
Workers turn to labours
Excessed ornamentation style spread from France as people fled
were published with styles & designs of wallpaper, fabrics, fireplaces, cakemolds etc.
1840 High pressure steam engine
Development of the public transport system created better opportunity for postal service.
First stamp and christmas cards by Henry Cole
Underpressed labours living in small houses.
Both women and children doing hard work
Ethic and morals lead to improvements of labour conditions
Increasing age of workers
Decreasing work hours
Implementing schools and education for all children
Straight into steam power
Lewis Waterman develops the Fountain pen with smooth ink flow
First succesfull typewriter
The offset printing technique was developed by Robert Barclay
Telegraph is developed via electromagnetism and using morsecode
First dial patent applied for
Development of dial into press buttons, connected speaker & receiver
Edison's Phonograph for recording media
Further development an idea of purpose gave the Gramophone Berliner - first record player, playing rubber discs
The portable wind-up gramophone became very popular
First photographs by William Talbot
"Wet plate photographer"
Expensive equipment, only for the rich!
Dry plates technology
First film strip
Design of the Box Brownie
Making photographing movable
Pedals on front wheels
For the rich young men
Rover safety bicycle with chain. Designed to women as well.
Improved with rubber tires, later on air tyres
British Thomas Saint patent on sewing machine
Improving the infrastructure
Thimmonier created the first functional sewing machine in France
The first lock stitch sewing machine patentet in US by Howe
It was hand driven, later on connected to a pedal
Designed for women, flower & gold ornaments
Singer company started producing and selling new designs of the sewing machine
Initially preserving foods through salting, smoking, drying
Development of transport infrastructure made it possible to harvest ice from cooler places
Carl von Linden developed method for liquifying gas
Redesign of the fridge by Raymond Loewy for the company Sears, Roebuck & Co.
The first commercially successful fridge, The Kelvinator produces in the US
Preveiously toxic gases were replaced with the "non" toxic (believed at the time) gas Freon
Propaganda - Graphic communication
Peter Behrens designer for AEG develops product branding and product identity
Inspired by cubism, futurism, the dynamics and geometry of USSR
1917 - Red & Blue Chair
Russian Revolution 1917. Graphic design
Founded by Theo van Doesburg
Factory, Horta de Ebbo (oil on canvas, 1909)
A style that brings back elements from the ornamentation in the Rococo and Romanticism
1920's & 30's
After the first world war jobs, money, consumers etc. boomed in US, which helped increase the popularity of this style
The Great Depression
1941 Tigertank Germany
1940 Stengun Britain
Scarcity in materials and expertise
Man vs machine
Christopher Richard Wynne Nevinson's The Arrival, 1913
US Agriculture in late 18th century
End of 19th century US, the largest manufacturing force on earth
Homogenous market and labour shortage
Increase in mechanisation
1908 Henry Ford Builds the Model T car and develops the first factory assembly line. It was very successful until people found it booring. It was outdated due to a demand for novelty.
1851 John Ruskin "The Stones of Venice"
Highest around 1880-1910
1965 Walter Gropius writes the new architecture and the Bauhaus
Focus on the functionality, form, preparing for mass production and the possibilities of the new steel tubing along with other materials
Braking up with "international design" guidelines.
Undisciplined, all directions. Design made disposable.
NewYork World fair
1928 – 1987
1960's & 70's
Optimism after the depression
"Building the World of Tomorrow"
The Modern Movement
Different groups working towards achieving good design for mass production relying on accessibility, honesty and purity and use of new materials redesigned aesthetics for many industrial and domestic products around the mid 1930's
Named after the style of 'Exposition des Arts Decoratif et Industriel', held in Paris in 1925
During the 1920s, De Stijl exerted influence on the Bauhaus, with Theo van Doesburg visiting Weimar in 1922. Also Maholoy Nagy joined the Bauhaus from De Stijl in 1922. He led the production of more industrially useful designs, and he encouraged the use of steel tubing, plywood and glass instead of silver, timber and clay (Blackler 2011).
Within the new school, each workshop had a “master of form” (an artist) and a “master of applied arts”
Foundet 1907 in Munich as a response to concerns of the industrialisations effect on German culture (Campbell 1978)
Height of Werkbund was their exhibition in 1914
Henri van der Velde
They believed that the applied arts would be revived through machines controlled by the nation's best artists.
1970 - still
The American Dream
Most successful car in the world
Research within aerodynamics
Streamlining became a popular word for all designs
US now has the worlds most advanced consumer culture
Designers become consultans within design companies
1947 Tupperware changes the way products can be sold via tupperware parties
Economic growth, avoided WWII
Some of the leading designers of experimenting with new materials, methods and tecknologies.
Herman Miller, Charles Eames
Medical equipment & furniture
More focus on comfort and informality
1960's Technology optimism
1959 TV for mass production by SONY
Japan becomes leading within technological products
1946 Vespa Scooter
Also called Stile Liberty or Jugenstil
Amongst the advokators were Ruskin and Pujin
1973 Oil crisis
Stopped optimism from the 1960's
Youth culture (babyboomers)
1962 First polypropylene chair by Robin Day
1957 Hula Hoop
1965 Verner panton S-chair
1932, Ball chair by Eero Aarnio
Also new in the 20th century:
Processed woods (Plywoods)
Further development on:
New processing method for plastic
Workspace & software design
Design for emotion
Anti-modernism. Strong movement away from modernism. In general considered everything, which is not modernism; Ornaments, bright colours, passion mix.
Consideres modernism to be booring, plain, too functional (everything ordered in systems)
Designer for Olivetti
"Post modernism is like the cake of design"
People born from 1945-1960 dominate the market
Created products for Braun that revived the austere geometric aesthetic of pre war design, adapting minimalism to encompass miniaturization particularly in his record player of 1959. (Blackler, 2011)
very popular in the 1950's
Has changed the way we communicate. Graphical design, interface design (GUI)
Pictures and information from lectures and material for the course 'Industrial Design History, Theory & Criticism' QUT Semester 1, 2011. Teacher: Thea Blackler. Unless other sources are referenced below them.
Kia Handler Krøjgaard