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Harlem Renaissance and The Great Gatsby

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Francia Fang

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of Harlem Renaissance and The Great Gatsby

The Harlem Renaissance
was the soundtrack of the Harlem Renaissance
THEATER in the big city
Charles Spurgeon Johnson
July 24, 1893—Oct. 27, 1956
Educated at Chicago University and Studied Sociology.
Researched for the National Urban League.
Editor of a magazine, The Opportunity.
Encouraged black aspiring writers to move to New York.
Growing up in the Black Belt
This is Charles S. Johnson's popular work. It is about the roll of African Americans in society

The Negro in Chicago
The Negro in Chicago is Johnson's first writing. It is about sociology of the race riot that occurred in Chicago in 1919.
The Negro in American Civilization
Patterns of Negro Segregation
January 7, 1891— January 28, 1960
Zora Neale Hurston
Encouraged African American southern culture.
Moved from Alabama to New York City during the Harlem Renaissance.
Went to Howard University and Barnard College for undergraduate school, and Columbia University for graduate school where she studied anthropology.
Jonah’s Gourd Vine
Jonah’s Gourd Vine
was Hurston's first novel
entertainment: MUSIC
Francia Fang & Jadey Macdonald
and you probably know these world-famous artists...
gave American music its own sound
transcended boundaries with his innovative compositions in jazz music
"American Music"
Ellington's orchestra performs "It Don't Mean a Thing", circa 1943
strong vocal style paved the way for future jazz and pop singing
dubbed "uncoverable, possibly the greatest singer of the century" by critics
Holiday sings "God Bless the Child"
shifted musical focus to solo performances
American jazz trumpeter and influential singer
scat singer
Armstong sings him famous song "What a Wonderful World"
Cotton Club
was originally a "whites only" establishment
eventually featured many of the best black entertainers and jazz musicians of the era
Mules and Men
named the "New Negro Movement" by Alain Locke in his 1925 anthology
1920s movement of African-American writers, artists, musicians, and thinkers, all embracing black heritage and culture in American life
“the Black Mecca” and “the capital of black America.”
A study of folkways among the African Americans.
major contributing factor: emergence of an educated black middle-class
Their Eyes Were Watching God
Tell My Horse
Moses, Man of the Mountain
THE GREAT MIGRATION-7 million black people moved from the South to the North
Harlem neighborhood- originally inhabited by an exclusive white middle-class, who left because of the influx of African Americans to the North
Langston Hughes
February 1, 1902- May 22, 1967
He was a poet that moved to Harlem.
Educated at Columbia University and Lincoln University.
He was Very politically expressive in his writing.
- sought to overcome the decades-long hold on the popular imagination exerted by blackface minstrelsy
presentation of “Negro experience”
The Weary Blues (
This describes an evening of listening to a blues musician in Harlem.

Fine Clothes to the Jew
Not Without Laughter
The Ways of White Folks
The Poetry of the Negro
A Pictorial History of the Negro in America
The Book of Negro Folklore
Black Nativity
(1961; film 2013)
The Panther and the Lash
like many others, the
was originally a whites-only establishment, but eventually became
to the Harlem scene
opened its doors to African Americans for the first time on January 26, 1934
quickly became a vital stop for any black entertainer
virtually every major African American musical act performed there at least once
Angelina Weld Grimke-
Rachel (1916)
one of the first African-American women to have a play publicly performed
one of the first plays to protest lynching and racial violence
performed by an all-black cast
Charles Sidney Gilpin-
one of the most highly regarded actors of the 1920
first black American to receive the
Drama League of NY
's annual award
played the lead role of Brutus Jones in the 1920 premier of Eugene O'Neill's
The Emperor Jones
The Great Gatsby and the Harlem Renaissance
W.E.B. Du Bois
Helped create the NAACP.
Educated at Harvard University.
Supported African American pride.
Civil rights activist.
February 23, 1868— August 27, 1963
The Crisis
Edited by W.E.B Du Bois
The Great Gatsby
"Three O'Clock in the Morning' a neat, sad little waltz of that year "
-- a song heard at one of Gatsby's parties
Three O'Clock in the Morning by Paul Whiteman
Klipsinger plays the song
Ain't We Got Fun
on the piano when Daisy visits Gatsby's house for the first time
Ain't We Got Fun by Van & Schenck
Jordan and Nick are driving through New York and the song
The Sheik of Araby
is being played
The Sheik of Araby by Fats Waller
typical white male who was opposed to the influx of African Americans to the North
"The idea is if we don't look out the white race will be-will be utterly submerged...It's up to us, who are the dominant race, to watch out or these other races will have control of things" (13).
equally enlightening and crushing for every man, despite his skin color
Gatsby, a white man, is disillusioned by his dreams of Daisy and tremendous wealth/status
HOWEVER, many African Americans came to North (Great Migration) with the same hopes of money and power
both Gatsby and thousands of African Americans were unsuccessful in obtaining their dreams
The Harlem Renaissance was a great step in African American Literature. It was a defining moment of creativity and
focus on African
American culture and
The Philadelphia Negro;
A Social Study

Jean Toomer
-Essentials: Definitions and Aphorisms
-An Interpretation of Friends Worship
-The Flavor of Man
-The Collected Poems of Jean Toomer

The New Negro
Alaine Locke
Home to Harlem
Banana Bottom

Claude McKay
For a Lady I know
Countee Cullen
Before World War I, African American artists had rarely featured African American culture in their works. By the end of the 1920s, during the Harlem Renaissance, they had begun developing styles that focused on traditions of Africa or folk art. West African culture was used by African American artists as well.
James Van Der Zee
The Cotton Club in Harlem
Christmas Morning 1933
Dancing Girls
He moved to Harlem in 1906 and become the most popular photographer during the Harlem Renaissance. He was able to depict average life in Harlem through his photography.

Ethiopia Awakening
(1914). The sculpture is of a black woman wrapped like a mummy from the waist down. West African cultural models
Meta Warrick Fuller
Fuller is known for first breaking boundaries by including African American culture in her work in the early Harlem Renaissance.
Palmer Hayden
The Janitor Who Paints
Hayden was one of the first black artists to use African people and culture in his painting.
All Poetry. "Countee Cullen." , Famous Poet at Allpoetry. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
"Billie Holiday." Billie Holiday. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
Collar City Brownstone. "James Van Der Zee – Harlem Renaissance Photographer." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Charles Spurgeon Johnson (American Sociologist and Editor)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2014.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Langston Hughes (American Poet)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Zora Neale Hurston (American Author)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
Ellington, Paul. "Biography." Duke Ellington. N.p., 2008. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.
Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Apollo Theater." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/709438/Apollo-Theater>.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York, NY: Scribner, 1996. Print.
"Harlem Renaissance - Literature - Home." Harlem Renaissance - Literature - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2014.
"Harlem Renaissance - Literature - Home." Harlem Renaissance - Literature - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.
"Harlem Renaissance." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
"The Harlem Renaissance." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
Hutchinson, George. "Harlem Renaissance." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 23 Dec. 2013. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255397/Harlem-Renaissance/272829/Drama>.
Hutchinson, George. "Visual Art." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
"Louis Armstrong." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.
"Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller and John Wilson." Danforth Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
"Musicians." The Harlem Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014.
Oppenheim, Mike. "The Harlem Renaissance and American Music." All About Jazz. N.p., 3 Mar. 2013. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
U.C. Davis. ""The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes." "The Weary Blues" by Langston Hughes. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
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