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Articles of Confederation
Transcript of Articles of Confederation
-1787: Delegates from all states except Rhode Island attend The Constitutional Convention in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, PA.
----> Goal: Create new constitution that fixes problems of Articles. Articles Come to a Close The New Constitution (1787) A series of 85 articles published in support of the New Constitution
Authors: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay. All published under name "Publius"
Federalist 51.... The Federalist Papers Anti-Federalists
-Sketchy about strong central gov.
-Wanted Bill of Right to protect
individual freedoms Ratification Debate: 9of13 States Needed 1776 Americans wanted to create a republic where the states had more power than the central government. 11 of the 13 states wrote new Constitutions to support their governments. Constitution: Document stating the rules under which a government will operate. Articles of Confederation Limited Government One branch
CONGRESS Congress could not regulate trade or levy taxes Could deal with foreign nations Could make laws, declare war, coin or borrow money, and run a postal service Weaknesses Congress had no power to:
Enforce laws Laws could only be passed if 9 out of 13 states voted Strengths Had power to:
Declare war and peace
Settle state disputes Settled Western lands Settling the Western Lands Land Ordinance of 1785: Stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks. Northwest Ordinance Orderly expansion of the United States
Outlined plan for applying for statehood
Freedom of Religion
Trial by jury Process for admitting new state Territory Articles written in 1777 by John Dickinson
Accepted by Congress in 1781
First national Constitution Under the Articles of Confederation 5,000 free adult males < Governor, Secretary,
3 Judges Territory 5,000 free adult males > Elect legislature to make laws Territory 60,000 free adult males > Ask to become a state Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin Northwest
Territory Divide lands into townships Divide public lands into townships:
6 miles on each side
36 sections, one mile each
One section set aside for schools School Many roads and property lines in the Midwest still follow the township grids, 200 years later! Settling western lands
Economic/Foreign Problems George Washington Thomas
Jefferson John Adams James
Franklin Proclamation of 1763 Economic Problems Each state had its own currency Each state set its own trade policy Central government did not have power to tax Foreign Problems U.S.A was weak British troops continued to occupy forts Spanish refused to let Americans ship products down the Mississippi First Constitution (1781 - 1789) Federalism: A central government AND state governments.
Article 1: Legislative Branch
Article 2: Executive Branch
Article 3: Judicial Branch
Article 4: Federalism. Adding States. Freedom to travel to and from.
Article 5: Amendment Process
Article 6: Constitution has Supreme Law
Article 7: Ratification Process (9 of 13 states needed to ratify)
***Original Constitution had no Bill of Rights. Federalist
-Believed strong central gov
was the best way to protect
personal freedoms. Ratification:
-Clear Bill of Rights needed to pass
the new constitution.
-9 states ratified it by 1788, starting with
-All 13 had ratified it by 1790, ending with
Rhode Island who rejected it many times.