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Major Historical Events and Cultural Milieu of the 1950s and 1960s

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Alandra Lopez

on 7 June 2011

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Transcript of Major Historical Events and Cultural Milieu of the 1950s and 1960s

1950s In the United States... In 1953, Dwight D. Eisenhower became president after Harry Truman. The Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1952 removed racial and ethnic barriers to become a U.S. citizen. The controversial case of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg occured in 1953. They were executed by electrocution for being guilty of epsionage in World War II as active members of the Communist party in the Soviet Union. http://www.hulu.com/watch/53358/the-legacy-of-mlk-arrest-of-rosa-parks-sparks-boycott In a 1950 speech, McCarthy entered the public spotlight by claiming that communists had "infested" the State Department, dramatically waving a sheet of paper which purportedly contained the traitors' names. In 1954, televised hearings allowed millions to view McCarthy's methods for the first time, sparking a public backlash and official censure. Alaska and Hawaii joined the United States in 1959. Conservatism and anticommunist feeling ELVIS PRESLEY & ROCK'N'ROLL THe United States Mens' National Soccer Team defeated England's National Team 1-0 in the 1950 Fifa World Cup in Brazil. It was the "Miracle on Grass." In Great Britain... In terms of culture and material goods, the British public aspired to live the "American" way. http://www.history.com/videos/history-rewind-coronation-of-elizabeth-ii-1953#history-rewind-coronation-of-elizabeth-ii-1953 Edmund Hilary and the Nepalese guide, Sherpa Tenzinf, reached the summit of Mount Everest for the first time. Women spent their days working in their homes creating a safe environment for their families while the men provided income through work. THe POP ART MOVEMENT BEGAN. In 1954, the first two books of the Lord of the Rings Trilogy and Lord of the Flies were published. Oil was found in the Persian Gulf in the 1930s. The United States and Great Britain began competing for control. The first development of the fields began later on in the 1950s. 1960s It was the beginning of the Nuclear Age. Queen Eliazbeth II announced the opening of Calder Hall on October 17th, 1956. The first supermarket opened in 1956. REFORM CONFORM U.S.A. The Vietnam War technically began in 1955 but the conflict heated up significantly in the 1960s In response, anti-war protests were held throughout the 60s... ... culminating in the infamous Kent State Massacre in early 1970 Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech in 1963 in front of over 200,000 Civil Rights supporters at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring was published in 1962. It discussed the harmful effects of pesticide use and it is credited for helping launch the environmental movement. John F. Kennedy was assasinated in November of 1963 during his first and thus only term in office. Britain Although Briatin's Prime Minister gave verbal support of the Vietnam War, no troops or other aid were sent to Vietnam. The Cold War continued ... English rock bands such as The Who... ... The Rolling Stones... ... and The Beatles, all formed in the 60s. Both the Steel Industry... ... and Great Britain's economy in general prospered during the 1960s. Britain failed twice to join the EEC (European Economic Community) in the 60s before acceptance in the early 70s. The EEC was created to bring economic integration to Western European countries in various ways. The Concord made its first supersonic test flight in 1969. This, in part, led to a regained national optomism, which was accompanied by increased cultural expression. The Cuban Missile crisis was averted, saving the world from another global conflict. The Swinging Sixties Apart from the musical aspect of the swinging sixties, fashion also went through revolutionary change. The End
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