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Digestive system

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Deysi Camacho

on 13 April 2015

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Transcript of Digestive system

By: Deysi Camacho
Diseases

•Celiac disease


•Inflammatory bowel disease.


•Digestive System Cancer


• Hernia


•Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) a related system to this is called dysphagia


•Crohn's disease

symptoms and treatment

•Gas and bloating


•Changes in bowel movement.


•weight loss.


•Feeling very tired.


•Weakness.



What is the Digestive system?
The system of organs responsible for

getting food into and out of the body

and for making use of food to keep

the body healthy.

What is Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is an immune reaction to eating gluten. If you have celiac disease, eating gluten triggers an immune response in your small intestine.
The Digestive System
Inflammatory bowel disease


This disease is a group of disorders in which the intestines become inflamed.

The likeliest cause is an immune reaction the body has against its own intestinal tissue.

Symptoms

•Severe or chronic abdominal pain

•Diarrhea, often bloody

•Sudden weight loss

•Lack of appetite



Treatment:

Eating a gluten free diet.

This means avoiding foods with wheat, barley and

rye. Also avoiding beer unless it is gluten free, if you

have gluten free diet you will also need to eat a lot of

rice, corn, millet and buckwheat.

Treatment

Corticosteroids


Biologic therapies


Surgery


If you have Ulcerative Colitis it is more likely for you to need surgery.


Steroids


Prednisone


Antibiotic


Mesalamine is delivered as either a rectal enema, suppository or a pill this works to open up the small intestine.


Crohn's Disease
A chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel. Typical symptoms are

abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea. There may also be rectal bleeding that can lead to

anemia. Special X-rays and tests are needed to differentiate Crohn’s from other diseases with

similar symptoms.

Symptoms
Treatment

•Diarrhea, loose stools, Fever and fatigue.


•Abdominal pain and cramping


•Nausea and vomiting


•Blood in your stool.


•Mouth sores. You may have ulcers in your mouth similar to canker sores.


•Reduced appetite and weight loss.


•Perianal disease



•Anti-inflammatory drugs

•Immune system suppressors

•Antibiotics

•Nutrition therapy

•Change in diet


Hernia
A hernia is the protrusion of an organ or piece of

tissue from its normally contained space. In the

abdomen, a hernia usually involves a piece of

bowel, or omentum that acts as a piece of fat that

hangs down from the large intestine (colon) and

invades a weak area of the abdominal wall.

Symptoms

•Swelling beneath the skin of the abdomen or the groin

•Tenderness/ discomfort in the abdomen

•Heavy feeling in abdomen

•Constipation or bloody stool


Treatment

•Surgery

•The inguinal hernia surgery may be performed by laparoscope
or by an open procedure called a herniorrhaphy


Hernia Facts

•The abdominal wall is made up of layers of different muscles and tissues.
Weak spots may develop in these layers to allow contents the abdominal cavity to protrude.


•There are different types of hernias like the inguinal hernia. This one occurs in the groin, the hiatal hernia is in the diaphragm. The last type of hernia is the congenital Hernia, this one may be present at birth or they may develop at any time after.



Gastro esophageal reflux disease

This is the weakness of the valve between the esophagus and

stomach it may allow stomach acid to regurgitate into the

esophagus and irritate and inflame the lining. This results in

chest pain which can mimic that of angina (pain of cardiac
ischemia.)

Symptoms

•Vomiting


•Heartburn or burning pain in chest


•Dry cough


•Difficulty swallowing



Treatment

•Change in eating habits

•Medication

•Surgery


Digestive Cancer
Kinds of Cancer's
Symptoms
Treatment

Cancer is not just one disease, but a large group of
almost 100 diseases.

Its two main characteristics are uncontrolled growth of the cells in the human body and the ability of these cells to migrate from the original site and spread to distant sites.

There are many cancers that affect the digestive

system like Stomach cancer , Esophagus cancer,

Small intestine cancer.

•Constipation

•Diarrhea

•Abdominal Pain

•Bleeding

•Nausea


Work Cited


•Radiation therapy

•Chemotherapy

•Immunotherapy


Continued...
•Ulcerative Colitis is limited to the colon or large intestine.

•Crohn's Disease can involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract.


"Celiac Disease Facts: Symptoms, Causes, Diet, Tests, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/celiac-disease/celiac-disease-topic-overview>.

"Celiac Disease." Definition. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/celiac-disease/basics/definition/con-20030410>.
"Crohn's Disease." Treatments and Drugs. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/basics/treatment/con-20032061>.

"Crohn's Disease." Symptoms. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/crohns-disease/basics/symptoms/con-20032061>.

"Dictionary." Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Cancer (disease>.

"Digestive System Diseases - Des Moines University." Des Moines University Digestive System Diseases Comments. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.dmu.edu/medterms/digestive-system/digestive-system-diseases/>.

"Hernia: Get Facts on Pain, Symptoms, Surgery and Repair." MedicineNet. 5 Feb. 2015. Web. 31 Mar. 2015.


Work Cited Continued...
"Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/ibd-crohns-disease/crohns-disease/inflammatory-bowel-syndrome>.
Lewis, Tanya.

"Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms & Treatment." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 20 Feb. 2015. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.livescience.com/39880-inflammatory-bowel-disease.html>.

"Symptoms of Digestive System Cancer." - RightDiagnosis.com. 17 June 2014. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/d/digestive_system_cancer/symptoms.htm>.

"Types of Digestive System Cancer." - RightDiagnosis.com. 17 June 2014. Web. 31 Mar. 2015. <http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/d/digestive_system_cancer/subtypes.htm>.
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