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Transcript of Croatia
On the Croatian flag, there are 3 different colored stripes - red, white, and blue. These colors represent the Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia. The white means peace and honesty, the red bravery and power, and blue vigilance, truth, and loyalty.
Absolute Location of Capital: 46˚ N and 16˚ E
Relative Location: Croatia is South of Slovenia and West of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Place - Physical Characteristics
Dinaric Alps: The partially submerged western part of these mountains form many of the islands and harbors off the coast of Croatia.
Place- Human Characteristics
Form of Government: Parliamentary Republic
Current Leader: Ivo Josipovic
Currency: Croatian Kona
Compared to Dollar: 6.82 Konas are equal to 1 dollar
Two Popular Croatian Dishes: Pasticada and Fritule
Pasticada: A stew dish with beef, bacon, herbs, and vegetables. It is usually served with potatoes
Fritule: Mini fried donuts that are flavored with brandy, raisins, or citrus zest with powdered sugar on top.
Pannonian Plain: This is the most fertile farmland in the country.
Human - Environment Interactions
In Croatia, dams have been built in the Danube river. (Humans affecting environment.)
There is pollution on the coast of Croatia because of industrial and domestic waste. (Humans affecting environment.)
Near the coasts of Croatia, there is nice weather year-round which promotes tourism. (Environment affecting humans.)
Croatia experiences deadly gale-force winds that range from 45 to 90 km per hour (28-55 mph). (Environment affecting humans.)
Major Imports: Crude Petroleum and Refined Petroleum
Trading Partners for Imports: Italy and Germany
Major Exports: Transport Equipment and Machinery
Trading Partners for Exports: Italy and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ferries are the main form of transportation used to get to all the different islands.
The government censors what the media presents to society.
Tourists on a beach in Croatia.
Zagreb: Zagreb is the capital of Croatia, but is often overlooked by tourists because it does not feature any beaches.
Korcula: Korcula is an island off the coast of Croatia and is most famous for allegedly being the birthplace of Marco Polo. It is also known for its' beautiful beaches, villages, vineyards, and olive groves.
Definition: Absolute location is the coordinates of a place (latitude and longitude).
Definition: Relative location is a place's location in relation to other places.
Definition: Human characteristics are the characteristics that are defined by humans like population, language, and religion.
Definition: Physical characteristics are characteristics that include natural landforms and climate.
Definition: Place is defined by the characteristics that distinguish different areas.
Definition: Movement is the way that humans,ideas, trends, and resources travel.
Korcula Island, Croatia
Definition: Human-Environment Interaction is the way that humans act both positively and negatively with the environment.
Definition: Region is a group of places that have similar attributes.
Did You Know...
Beautiful beaches, islands, mountains, and plains
Mediterranean and continental climate
Neighbor to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Hungary
Whose capital is Zagreb
Home of Nikola Tesla and Ivan Mestovic
Makes steel and petroleum products
Grows fruit and vegetables
Whose cities include Dubrovnik and Makarvska
Famous for the necktie and the Museum of Broken relationships
Found in Europe
Croatia has the world's smallest town. The town has a population ranging from 17-23 people.
The Dalamation (which originates from Croatia), got its name from the Dalmation Coast in Croatia.
The Croatian Kona is named after a small rodent because a long time ago the fur of the kona was used as a currency.
The necktie was invented in Croatia.
In Zagreb, Croatia, there is a museum called the Museum of Broken Relationships. This museum features different artifacts from past relationships, and the stories behind the break-ups.
In Croatia, pre-school is optional for students.Students must complete compulsory elementary education, which will take eight years. Elementary schools are attended by children ages 6-15 years old. Once aged 15, students have the option of continuing on to receive a secondary education, but it is not mandatory. There are three types of secondary schools offered: gymnasium, art, and vocational. Gymnasium provides comprehensive syllabus, and lasts for four years. Art teaches students about the study of music, dance, art, and can last for one to five years. Vocational is technical , industrial, and craft based and can last for one to five years as well. In order to finish secondary school, students either have to take a final test or complete final assignment. In Croatia, both elementary and secondary schools are free of cost. There is also an adult educational system for those over the age of 15 that did not complete their elementary education.
Nikola Tesla was born in what is now Croatia in the late 1800s. Tesla worked as an electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, and as a physicist. He invented the electrical motor, arc lighting, and AC power. He also did research and experiments that helped lead to the invention of radio communication.
Robert Herjavec was born in Croatia and lived there for some of his childhood. When his family moved to Canda, they were very poor. Robert worked many jobs such as waiting tables, so he could receive an education, and eventually start his own business. With the little money he had, he used his money and free time to create his own computer company in his basement. His technology was very successful, and he went on to create many more. Now, Robert stars on ABC's Shark Tank to help others live their business dreams. You can also find Robert on Dancing with the Stars for its upcoming season.
Ivan Meštrović is arguably Croatia's greatest sculptor ever. Not only that, but he was also an architect and a writer. He was born in Croatia in 1883, and died in 1962, in Indiana. He is known for his boldly-cut figurative monuments and reliefs. He donated both his villa in Marjan, and 132 of his pieces to the state. In Croatia, he designed his own house, which is now a museum in Croatia.
The Walls of Dubrovnik
The Walls of Dubrovnik are walls that surround the city of Dubrovnik. They are made up of forts, bastions, case mates, towers, and detached forts. Known as a world-renowned iconic symbol of white stone beauty, these walls date back to the early middle ages. They were built systematically throughout history, mostly in times of difficulty when permanent danger from foreigners was present. They run uninterrupted for 1,940 m, or 6,365 ft around the city.
Bodies of Water
Plitvice Lakes - The most famous attraction of Croatia.
Dalmatian Coast - This coastline supplies a lot of hydroelectricity to Croatia.