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Chapter 4 key issue 1

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Jessica Baird

on 5 December 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 4 key issue 1

Origin of folk music
-according to a Chinese legend, music was invented in 2679 B.C. The emperor Huang Ti sent Ling Lun to cut down bamboo poles that would produce sounds matching the call of the Phoenix bird.
-folk songs are usually composed anonymously and transmitted by mouth
- folk songs are meant to tell stories, mostly about people's daily lives, and the lyrics can change as people's lives change
Diffusion of folk and popular cultures
-popular culture is usually spread through hierarchical diffusion from hearths of innovation, in the U.S. an example of this would be Hollywood, California for the film industry
-popular culture diffuses through modern communication and transportation
-folk culture is transferred slowly through migration, not as much technology
-popular music diffuses through electronics, which is why it is considered popular
-folk culture is spread through relocation diffusion
Chapter 4 key issue 1
Origin of folk and popular cultures
-a hearth is a center of innovation, social customs originate at hearths
-usually folk customs have unknown hearths, and can often have multiple
-popular culture is usually a product of more developed countries examples: fast food and popular music they arise from extended leisure time and advances in technology
origin of popular music
difference between folk and popular music:
The Amish: relocation diffusion of folk culture
-the Amish culture is a perfect example of how relocation diffusion distributes folk culture
-the Amish are unique based on their clothing, religious practices, and ways they farm
-they originated in Switzerland, France, and Germany in the 1600's
-in the 1700's they migrated to northwestern Europe for religious freedom, while they were in Europe, they didn't have their own language, farming practice, or clothing
-Amish families migrated to North America in two waves
-they lived in isolated rural areas which is when they adopted their own customs
Sports: hierarchical diffusion of popular culture
-organized sports are great examples of how popular culture is diffused
-most sports started out as isolated folk customs, then diffused through migration
-increasing leisure time allowed people to play and watch sports
-countries all have different popular sports example: ice hockey is especially popular in colder climates especially Canada
-sports that people enjoy watching are important in popular culture
by Jessica, Mariana, Alix, Myles, and Jenna
-specific individuals
-purpose of being sold to many people
-high degree of technical skill
-popular music originated in the 1900s
-world-wide popular music didn't become a thing until World War 2
-Tin Pan Alley was a district that was home to songwriters, music publishers, orchestrators, and arrangers
-Tin Pan Alley became less important as recorded music came into the mix
-hip-hop is a recent type of music
-hip-hop demonstrates when globilization and local diversity meet
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