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Elva and Sarah's Permanent Ice Project

for Mrs. Morgan's Grade 10 science class
by

Sarah Inomata

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Elva and Sarah's Permanent Ice Project

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Location
Located in the arctic circle, and in Antarctica
Some high arctic islands
Includes parts of northern Russia, Greenland and northern islands of Canada
Plants
Lichens
Mosses
Grasses
Small shrubs
Arctic poppy
Pasque flower
Arctic Willow
Cloud Berry
Antarctic hair grass
Antarctic pearlwort
Climate
Very dry
Very cold
Short summers
Long winters
Abiotic Features
Soil
Sunlight
Water
Permanent Ice
By Elva Lee & Sarah Inomata
Polar bears
Arctic foxes
Arctic wolves
Wolverines
Lemmings
Ermines
Arctic hare
Caribou
Snowy owls
Gyr falcons
Marine mammals
Little auk
Walrus
Animals
Some of the animals in the region like arctic hare, lemming, arctic fox, and so on, change their fur color to a grayish-brown coat for the spring and summer.
Precipation
Less than 50 cm
Most falls as snow.
There is a 3-4 month snow free period
Temperature

Summer - (-3°C to 14°C)
Winter - (-30 °C)


Summer - (- 9°C ) to (-30°C)
Winter - (-89°C )
summer
winter
Adaptations
Short and grouped together to resist wind and to protect each other
Can use photosynthesis at low temperatures and low light
Usually reproduce by budding and division
Small leaves to restrain the moisture that leaves the plant
Works Cited
Allaby, Michael. The Polar Regions. Vol. 1. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 1999. Print. Biomes of the World.
Audel, Hazen, Jonas Stenstrom, Jospeh Coleman, Suzi Serengeti, Rob Nelson, Adam Roddy, and Nick Kalodimos. "Links to Other Quality Biome Maps." Biomes of the World. N.p., 2003. Web. 04 Oct. 2013.
De, Medeiros Michael. The North. Calgary: Weigl Educational, 2006. Print. Canadian Geographic Regions.
Moore, Peter D., and Richard Garratt. Tundra. New York: Facts On File, 2008. Print. Ecoysystem.
Katharine, Ailsa. "About Antarctica." Plants of Antarctica. The Natural Environment Research Council, 2012. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
Strebel, Oliver, Robert Merki, and Ho Lik Man. "Life on Antarctica: Plants." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, 1998. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Biome." - National Geographic Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"Biomes of the World | Biomes." Biomes of the World. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2013.
Bird, C.J. "Vegetation Regions." The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"Climate: ." Ice. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"Earth Floor: Biomes." Earth Floor: Biomes. N.p., 28 Apr. 2005. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"FrontPage." Polaricebiome /. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"Habitats." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"IPOWER." This Site Is Temporarily Unavailable. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
Pidwirny, Michael, Dr. "(k). Characteristics of the Earth's Terrestrial Biomes." 9(k) Characteristics of the Earth's Terrestrial Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"The Tundra Biome." The Tundra Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2013.
"The Tundra Biome." The Tundra Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2013.
Wiken, Ed. "Natural Regions." - The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
"World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013.
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Arctic
Antarctica
Sunlight
Less sunlight due to the position on earth
Not much direct sunlight
Long winters - mostly no light
Short summers - 5-6 months
Soil
Permafrost - the soil is permanently frozen
Goes down several hundred meters
Sometimes may melt to support plants
Water
Not much rain water
Most animals obtained water from ocean or snow
Full transcript